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GEO chapter 9

1) The following are the busiest container ports in Asia except:

a) Hong Kong
b) Buter
c) Busan
d) Shanghai
e) Shenzhen

B) Buter
2) Which of the following is false concerning the western interior of China?

a) much of the area is a flat plain
b) much of the area is mountainous or is a high plateau
c) many of Asia’s great rivers arise in the area’s highlands
d) the area is sparsely populated compared to China proper
e) much of this area exhibits a highland (H) climate

A) much of the area is a flat plain
3) Powdery wind-blown soil formed from pulverization by glaciers is called:

a) permadust
b) loess
c) Cenozoic drift
d) a morainosol
e) huang soil

B) Loess
4) Japan’s economic growth was well underway by the:

a) Mid-1950’s
b) Mid- 1960’s
c) Mid-1970’s
d) Mid-1980’s
e) Mid- 1990’s

C) Mid-1970’s
5) The country of the “people of Han” is:

a) Mongolia
b) China
c) Japan
d) Korea
e) Tibet

B) China
6) The Han Dynasty:

a) is the earliest Chinese dynasty about which substantial information is available
b) began and ended before 300 B.C., when China already was a well-organized state
c) was a pivotal and formative period in Chinese history, when the Chinese sphere of influence was enlarged, land reform occurred, and external trade commenced
d) is another name for the regime of Mao Zedong
e) led directly to the takeover of the Manchus in 1644

C) was a pivotal and formative period in Chinese history, when the Chinese sphere of influence was enlarger, land reform occurred, and external trace commenced.
7) Mao Zedong’s proclamation creating the communist People’s Republic of China was announced in:

a) 1911
b) 1925
c) 1949
d) 1976
e) 1997

C) 1949
8) China’s largest city is:

a) Beijing
b) Hong Kong
c) Guangzhou
d) Shenzhen
e) Shanghai

E) Shanghai
9) China’s current population is closest to:

a) 400 million
b) 800 million
c) 1.1 billion
d) 1.3 billion
e) 2.1 billion

D) 1.3 billion
10) Which of the following regions is often called “Manchuria” by uninformed foreigners?

a) Northeast China
b) Taiwan
c) North China Plain
d) Xinjiang
e) Red Basin of Sichuan

A) Northeast China
11) Which of the following is not located in Northeast China?

a) the Liao River basin
b) the country’s Rustbelt
c) the Songhua River basin
d) the city of Harbin
e) the ancient city of Xian

E) the ancient city of Xian
12) The North China Plain is dominated by the:

a) lower Huang He
b) Loess Plateau
c) city of Shanghai
d) Pearl River estuary
e) Ordos Desert

13) The Huang He:

a) drains the Xi/Pearl River Basin
b) flows into the South China Sea
c) almost encircles the Ordos Desert
d) flows from the Loess Plateau eastward toward its mouth at Shanghai
e) originates in the Sichuan Basin

C) almost encirlces the Ordos Desert
14) Which of the following is one of the worlds’ most heavily populated agricultural areas:

a) the Northeast China Plain
b) the Liao-Songhua Basin
c) Xinjiang
d) the Jakota Triangle
e) the North China Plain

E) The North China Plain
15) Which of the following is the Chinese name for Tibet?

a) Pudong
b) Xian
c) Xinjiang
d) Xizang
e) Hainan

D) Xizang
16) Xizang:

a) is the Chinese name for Tibet
b) is now directly connected by rail to Beijing
c) has suffered from the destruction of its culture by the Chinese
d) has its capital at Lhasa
e) all of the above

E) all of the above
17) The Xinjiang region:

a) contains desert basins near Turkestan
b) is located south of Tibet
c) contains the Gobi Desert
d) is in the northeastern part of the country
e) is another name for Xizang

A) contains desert basins near Turkestan
18) The leader who took over in China following the struggle after Mao’s death was:

a) Deng Xiaoping
b) Kim Jong Il
c) Chien-Ming Wang
d) Yao Ming
e) Hu Jintao

A) Deng Xiaoping
19) Which of the following is not a Special Economic Zone?

a) Pudong
b) Binhai
c) Xiamen
d) Chongqing
e) Zhuhai

D) Chongqing
20) The Special Economic Zone that has been most successful is:

a) Macau
b) Shenzhen
c) Guangdong
d) Hainan Island
e) Hong Kong

B) Shenzhen
21) Which of the following has not been important in the development of Shenzhen as an SEZ?

a) proximity to Hong Kong
b) the socialist economic principles applied by the Chinese government to its development
c) state-of-the-art port facilities
d) investment of Overseas Chinese in its development
e) the fastest urban growth rate in human history

B) the socialist economic principles applied by the Chinese government to its development
22) An area of China that can be designated as a “regional state” is:

a) Xinjiang
b) the Pearl River Hub
c) Sichuan
d) Xizang
e) Taiwan

B) the Pearl River Hub
23) Which of the following lies just across the old Chinese border from Hong Kong?

a) Macau
b) Canton
c) Chang-Yangzi Delta
d) Pudong
e) Shenzhen

E) Shenzhen
24) The SEZ located closest to China’s largest city, Shanghai, is:

a) Macau
b) Pudong
c) Xiamen
d) Zhuhai
e) Shenzhen

B) Pudong
25) Which of these statements about Mongolia is least accurate?

a) it can be termed a buffer state
b) it is desirous of union with China
c) it is landlocked
d) it was guided in its development for more than 60 years by the Soviets
e) it declared its independence from China in 1911

B) it is desirous of union with China
26) Which of the following was not occupied by Japan during World War II?

a) Siberia
b) Manchuria
c) Korea
d) Taiwan
e) Vietnam

A) Siberia
27) The Meiji Restoration:

a) marked the demise of the Shogun Dynasty
b) marked the beginning of Japan’s modernization and generated its economic and military transformation
c) triggered the shift of the country’s capital city to Kyoto
d) halted Japan’s explosive population growth and has led to a stable population since about 1890
e) occurred after the disastrous defeat Japan suffered in World War II

B) marked the beginning of Japan’s modernization and generated its economic and military transformation
28) Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan’s capital city was:

a) Honshu
b) Tokyo
c) Edo
d) Kansai
e) Kyoto

E) Kyoto
29) The capital of Japan was moved:

a) from Honshu to Hokkaido in 1948 to assert claims to the Kurile islands lost to Russia at the end of World War II
b) from Kyoto to Tokyo by the Meiji rulers
c) to Hiroshima after World War II
d) has always been located in Osaka
e) to the newly-planned city of Nippon in 1946

B) from Kyoto to Tokyo by the Meiji rulers
30) Japan’s natural landscapes:

a) resemble those of populous South Asia: wide alluvial valleys crowded by millions of farmers, plateau country elsewhere
b) being tropical, consists of dense stands of forest and clearings of farmland
c) are mountainous and hilly, with flat land at a premium
d) consist of all the usual landforms except mountains, which rarely occur in the Japanese archipelago
e) delayed Japan’s modernization by inhibiting contact and communications with the Asian mainland

C) are mountainous and hilly, with flat land at a premium.
31) Which of the following statements is false?

a) Most Japanese are Buddhists.
b) Japan has the most unvaried population of its size in the world.
c) The Ainu were the first inhabitants of Japan.
d) Shoguns were military rulers in Japan.
e) Japan remained isolated for many years until U.S. warships sailed into Japanese harbors in the 1850s.

A) most Japanese are Buddhists.
32) Japan’s population:

a) is expected to decline over the next half-century
b) is concentrated along the shore of the Sea of Japan (East Sea)
c) exhibits a low rate of literacy
d) is concentrated on Hokkaido and Shikoku
e) is reflective of a multicultural society

B) is concentrated along the shore of the Sea of Japan (East Sea)
33) Japan’s largest and main island, containing the Japanese capital and almost all of its core area is:

a) Kyushu
b) Honshu
c) Shikoku
d) Hokkaido
e) Sakhalin

B) Honshu
34) Japan’s leading region of urbanization and industry (and agriculture as well) is the:

a) Kansai District
b) Kobe-Osaka-Kyoto Region
c) Nagoya Area
d) Kanto Plain
e) Kitakyushu conurbation

D) Kanto Plain
35) Japan’s second-largest city, Osaka, is located in the _____ District.

a) Kanto
b) Nobi
c) Shikoku
d) Kansai
e) Seto Inland Sea

D) Kansai
36) The largest conurbation in Japan is:

a) Tokyo-Yokohama-Kawasaki
b) Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto
c) Kyoto-Nagasaki
d) Nagoya-Hiroshima
e) Osaka-Hokkaido

A) Tokyo-Yokohama-Kawasaki
37) The _____ is Japan’s Mediterranean.

a) Kurile Sea
b) Sea of Okhtosk
c) Seto Inland Sea
d) Bay of Tokyo
e) Sea of Japan (East Sea)

E) Sea of Japan (East Sea)
38) The region in Japan best situated to do business with Korea and China is:

a) the Kansai District
b) the Kanto Plain
c) the Nobi Plain
d) the Tokaido (Tokyo-Hokkaido) Megalopolis
e) Kitakyushu

E) Kitakyushu
39) By 2100, Japan’s current population of 128 million is expected to shrink to about _____ million:

a) 49
b) 67
c) 88
d) 102
e) 118

B) 67
40) Japan’s recent economic problems are a result of all of the following except:

a) heavy dependence on foreign oil
b) the rise of competing economic powers in East Asia
c) financial mismanagement
d) losses in investments made in other countries
e) three major earthquakes since 1990 that resulted in 500,000 deaths and billions of yen in losses

E) three major earthquakes since 1990 that resulted in 500,000 deaths and billions of yen in losses
41) Which of the following statements about Japan is false?

a) Relations with Russia are strained as a result of a longstanding dispute over the Kurile islands closest to Japan
b) Relations with China are difficult because of memories of Japanese (unapologized-for) behavior during World War II
c) The population of Japan is aging, thereby creating labor shortages
d) Japanese tourists, seeing how those in the West live, are now less satisfied with life in Japan
e) Japan has numerous ethnic minorities that create significant internal strife

D) Japanese tourists, seeing how those in the West live, are now less satisfied with life in Japan
42. The outcome of the Korean War in the 1950s was:

a) defeat of North Korea, which was returned to the control of Japan
b) victory for the South, which soon became communist
c) a military stalemate resulting in the continued division of the country
d) a short pause, followed by renewed war that still drags on to this day
e) the unification of the two Koreas

C) a military stalemate resulting in the continued division of the country
43) South Korea’s growth has resulted from an economic system described as:

a) communism
b) laissez-faire capitalism
c) globalization
d) state capitalism
e) socialism

B) laissez-faire capitalism
44) Taiwan was at one time a colony of:

a) Russia
b) the United States
c) Japan
d) Australia
e) Britain

C) Japan
45) Which of the following statements is false?

a) The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.
b) Taiwan exports personal computers.
c) More than 22 million people live on Taiwan.
d) The Taiwanese cannot keep pace economically with the mainland Chinese.
e) Taiwan recently held free elections for a parliament.

D) The Taiwanese cannot keep pace economically with the mainland Chinese.
46) Taiwan is located off the coast of:

a) Russia
b) China
c) Korea
d) Vietnam
e) Japan

B) China
47) Which city is located in the last outpost of the Republic of China, which was first proclaimed in 1912:

a) Hong Kong
b) Lhasa
c) Taipei
d) Macau
e) Pyongyang

C) Taipei
48) The Han Dynasty was China’s formative period; Chinese still call themselves the “people of Han.”
True
49) The Boxer Rebellion was a reaction by the Chinese to foreigners in 1949.
False
50) The Long March took Chinese Communists from Shanghai to Taiwan.
True
51) The North China Plain is one of the world’s most densely populated farming areas.
True
52) The Liao Basin is one of the most productive agricultural regions of Guangdong Province in South China.
False
53) Xizang is part of China proper.
False
54) Xinjiang and Xizang are two of the most densely populated regions of China Proper.
False
55) China’s Shenzhen is a Special Economic Zone.
True
56) Shenzhen has now ended its role as an SEZ since Hong Kong reunified with China in 1997.
False
57) Mongolia is a good example of a buffer state.
True
58) Japan’s four large islands are Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Sakhalin.
False
59) Japan forged a major colonial empire in Asia during the first half of the twentieth century.
True
60) Japan’s territorial dispute with Russia is over four small islands in the Kurile Island chain.
True
61) The Meiji Restoration preceded the 1853 arrival of Commodore Perry’s flotilla, and hailed this contact immediately as a major new trading opportunity.
False
62) To symbolize modernization, the Meiji rulers shifted the capital from Kyoto to Tokyo.
True
63) In terms of coal, iron ore, and petroleum, Japan is better supplied by domestic resources than the British Isles.
False
64) With the single exception of Kyoto, all primary and secondary cities of Japan lie on the coast.
True
65) Japan’s core area is developing along the shores of the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
False
66) On a southwest-bound trip on the Tokaido “bullet train” out of Tokyo, the city of Nagoya is reached before Osaka.
True
67) The island of Hokkaido lies outside of Japan’s core area.
True
68) The Nobi Plain lies between the Kansai District and the Kanto Plain.
True
69) Japan’s name for itself is Nippon.
True
70) South Korea has developed under a socialist system since 1945.
False
71) North and South Korea are in the process of reuniting into a single country.
False
72) The fortified political boundary separating the two Koreas has done little to halt trade and population movements between the two political entities.
False
73) The economies of North and South Korea are complementary and both states would have much to gain by reunification.
True
74) North Korea has numerous industrial raw materials; the resources of the South are more agricultural.
True
75) Taiwan ranks ahead of the People’s Republic of China in GNI per capita.
True
76) Taiwan was invaded by the Communist Chinese in 1945.
False
77) The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.
True
78) Taiwan for a half-century after 1895 was under Japanese rule.
False
79) About 75 percent of Taiwan’s population live in rural areas.
True
80) Although they experienced difficulties in getting along with each other in the early years following the communist revolution, China and the former Soviet Union were always close friends and allies from the mid-1960s until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
False
81) The upland located in the central Huang Basin which is composed of thick, highly-fertile, wind-borne soil deposits (probably from the nearby Ordos Desert) is known as the _____ Plateau.
Loess
82) The politico-geographical principle under which citizens of a foreign state are exempted from the legal jurisdiction of the country in which they are present, is called _____.
Extraterritoriality
83) The leader of the legendary Long March through interior China was _____.
Mao Zedong
84) The region of China that was the home of the country’s last dynastic rulers, which is often called Manchuria by geographically-uninformed outsiders, is the _____.
The Northeast
85) The most important of China’s Rivers, at whose mouth lies the seaport of Shanghai, is the _____.
Chang/Yangzi
86) The name “Yangzi” is given to the lower course of the _____ River.
Chang
87) The crucial third stage of development in the Rostow model, in which an industrial revolution spawns sustained and self-perpetuating national economic growth, is called the _____ stage.
Takeoff

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