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Government 2306 Quizzes 1-3

What is meant by the “Great Recession”?
A time of chronic economic problems beginning in the late 2007 that drew analogies to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Provincialism refers to
a more narrow view of the world
Dallas developed in the late nineteeth century as a result of
the intersection of two railroad lines
What was Stephen F. Austin’s role in the development of Texas?
He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas
Individualistic politial culture, which began in the middle states focuses on government policies that promote
personal freedom and material wealth
Which historic event in state history occured in Spindletop, Texas?
the discovery of oil
The Texas economy of the twenty-first century is centered on
computers, electronics, and other high-tech products
Houston is found in the Texas
gulf coastal plains
Which of the following has traditionally dominated the political culture of Texas?
buisness interersts
Which city is located in the Panhandle region of Texas?
Amarillo
NAFTA established
free trade between Mexico, the United States, and Canada
Which city in Texas currently has the largest population?
Houston
Who led the Grange and Populist movements of the late nineteenth century?
tenant farmers
The regulation of oil and energy in Texas is performed by
the Texas Railroad Commission
Which of the following political groups have traditionally had the least influence on Texas politics?
labor unions
Currently, what percentage of domestically produced cotton comes from Texas?
25% / 25 percent
The cattle industry became big business
after the U.S. Civil War.
______ is the system, common in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, by which farmers would be lent land and equipment in exchange for part of the profits.
Sharecropping
A belief that government is designed to promote the public good describes the ______ political culture.
moralistic
The term creative destruction refers to the process by which
the capitalist system undergoes periodic waves of transformation caused by new technologies.
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
is the states’ rights amendment; it reserves all powers not delegated to the national government in the Constitution to state governments.
Block grant programs
give states federal money and also considerable discretion in how those funds are spent.
What role did Sam Houston play in the lead-up to the Civil War?
argued that Texas should stay in the Union rather than secede
Rick Perry defeated Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison in the 2010 Republican governors primary
by embracing the anti-Washington Tea Party movement.
The development of the New Deal had what effect on the Texas Democratic Party?
It split the party into a New-Deal-supportive liberal wing and a New-Deal-opposed conservative wing.
When Woodrow Wilson was president
a number of Texans served in influential positions in his administration.
In a federal system
power is divided between a central government and regional governments.
The Tea Party movement:
is known for its general antifederal government ideology.
The development of oil production as a significant industry in Texas:
created a class of business leaders in the state fiercely loyal to New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt
Under dual federalism
the most fundamental governmental powers were strictly separated between the federal and state governments.
Under _____ federalism, national and state governments work together to provide services, often with joint funding of programs.
cooperative
The Shivercrats, the members of the Democratic Party supportive of Governor Alan Shivers, were notable because:
they were conservatives and voted for Republican presidential candidate Dwight Eisenhower.
The shift in Texas from Democratic to Republican domination of state politics occurred
in 1980s and 1990s, led at the national level by President Reagan and at the state level by George W. Bush.
The federal government gained more power over the state governments
after Progressive reforms such as the direct election of U.S. Senators.
Texas’s role as a one-party state
constrained the role Texas political leaders played in the affairs of the national government during Republican national political domination of the presidency and Congress for much of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
In the New Federalism programs promoted by presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan
power was returned to the states through block grants.
The controversy about the relationship between the states and the national government
has continued throughout the nation’s history.
The case of Wickard v. Filburn is significant because it marks what development in the power of state governments?
It shows how FDR’s New Deal led to a rejection of state power when it appeared to conflict with the power of the federal government.
The Federal Reserve banking system
advanced the power of the national government over state governments by giving the national government control of monetary policy.
Efforts were made to strengthen the powers of state governments under the administration of what president?
Ronald Reagan
An executive branch where power is fragmented because the election of statewide officeholders is independent of the governor is called a
plural executive.
How long ago was the current Texas Constitution written?
about 150 years ago at the end of Reconstruction
Under the current Texas Constitution, there are _____ members in the Senate and ____ members in the House.
31; 150
As written in 1876, who had full citizenship rights under the Constitution of Texas?
all adult white male citizens of Texas
The Texas Bill of Rights is:
in Article 1 of the Constitution demonstrating the authors’ commitment to limiting the way political power is used to keep it from being abused.
Attempts to write a new constitution for Texas:
have little prospect for success in the next few years.
What were the goals of the authors of the present Texas Constitution?
to put restrictions on the power of government in the body of the document, making it difficult to change over time
State constitutions exist for the purpose of:
preventing the concentration of political power through a series of checks and balances.
Which idea is contained in both the U.S. and Texas constitutions?
federalism
By being brief and flexible, and establishing a chief executive with considerable powers and a bicameral legislature, the Constitution of 1836, which established the government of the Republic of Texas, resembled
the U.S. Constitution.
Why did the Constitution of 1869 grant blacks the right to vote and recognize the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees of equality before the law?
to pass requirements set by the so-called Radical Republicans in the U.S. Congress
Judges in Texas get their job through:
election by the people.
Upon Texas gaining statehood in 1845,
Texas drew up a new constitution, the third in effect for the state.
Under the Texas Constitution, what part of the government holds the trial based on articles of impeachment?
the Senate
Why was it necessary for Texas to write a new constitution in 1861?
because Texas had seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy
The rights found in the Texas Bill of Rights
contain some ideas that move beyond those guaranteed by the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Voter turnout for constitutional amendment elections could be improved if:
they were held at the same time as presidential elections
Why were the protections for slavery that were included in the Constitution of 1836 noteworthy?
They differed from provisions in the 1827 Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas.
Which clause of the U.S. Constitution states that the Constitution and laws passed by the national government and all treaties are the supreme law of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state?
the supremacy clause
The Constitution of 1876 was written:
to restrict the power of government, in order to keep any governor from being as powerful as Edmund J. Davis, who served under the Reconstruction Constitution of 1869.

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