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Government ch 7

First reading
The process in which a bill receives a title and number
House Ways and Means Committees
All of the important work on tax laws occurs here
Previous Legislations
This binds the government to spending for uncontrollables
Republicans
This group tends to vote in favor of business
PACs
This is a special interest group that raises money to help elect lawmakers
Caseworkers
Congressional staffers that help constituents with problems
Federal Grants and Federal Contracts
These two things are considered a source of federal money and jobs
Public bills
Deals with general matters and apply to entire nation
Private bills
Deals with individual people or places
Uncontrollables/ Entitlements
The largest portion of the federal government’s budget is spent on this
Appropriation Committees
This committee has the power to cut budgets
Lobbyists
The representatives of interest groups that work to influence congress
Local issues
The party voting is very strong on this topic
Democrats
This group tends to favor social welfare programs
Money & jobs
Federal grants and contracts bring in what two things?
Pork Barrel legislation
Congress appropriates billions of dollars for local projects. What is this called?
Hearings
These are sessions for testimony
Taxes
This provides government with money
PidgeonHoling
When a committee ignores a bill
PACs
These are special interest groups
Log Rolling
An agreement between lawmakers
Pork Barrel legislations
“Bring home the bacon”
Entitlements
Social programs that continue from one year to the next
Pocket veto
A bill killed when president refuses to act on it during the last 10 days congress is in session
Pressures of the members of congress that serves the interests of the constituents. Provides federal projects while log rolling makes the passing possible and it raises cost of the government
Pork barrel legislation and log rolling exists Why? How does it affect the government?
Gets members to support policies they favor; lobbyists contact members with information about the policies and try to persuade the members to support their groups position; organizing letter writing campaigns and use funds from PACs to help supporters
Interest groups exert influence on members of congress how?
Process is long and difficult; powerful interest groups oppose the bills; may be killed by committees and the president or amended in such a way unacceptable to majority
So few bills introduced to congress pass as laws why?
Pressure from political parties and president and PACs and can be withholding favours that benefit members’ district
Influences that determine a vote against wishes of his or her district are?
It may bring in jobs and money while boosting economy; all districts are not equally receiving the benefits of the legislatio
A citizen may favor a piece of pork barrel legislation while others oppose- why?

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