Group behaviour in Organization
Any two or more people engaging in social interaction and who share same goals and work towards achieving them can be said to be members of a group. Groups in organizations may be a formal arrangement of the company or informal, but either way they both have significant contributions to the effectiveness of a company. This is because individuals in groups tend to influence each others decisions, judgments, behaviour, thinking and so on, and this can either be in a positive way or negatively.
It happens due to peer pressure sort of that in high school although not many people would readily admit that they still bend down by peer pressure, it is interesting to note that group behaviour is influenced by certain constructs such as need for affiliation/belonging, inferiority or superiority complex, fear of being a ‘loner’ threats and among others.
Away from that it would be worthwhile to dig deeper into group behaviour in the organization and more importantly dissect group behaviour area into smaller bits such as group dynamics, group goals, social interdependence and trust, communication within groups, leadership, power decision making in groups, controversy and creativity, managing conflict of interest, valuing diversity and team training and development. The
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Notably, groups are formed by more than two individuals and most likely these individuals will have different backgrounds, values priorities, interests among others. As they interact they influence one another and subject themselves to several dynamics processes say definition of norm, roles, regulations, belongingness, developments and so on an their upshot on behaviour (Forsyth, 2006). Groups dynamics is more or less a psychology or sociology phenomena; a study into how people in groups relate to each other. Leadership
Groups in organizations do not function without direction or purposes unless they are the unconstructive kind where gossip and rumor mongering dominates. In groups there is someone who is picked out to represent the group to others within the organization and outside. This is leadership. A leader’s role would thus be two faceted i. e. Task roles and Relationship roles. In the former, the leader is a facilitator, a direction giver, a pace setter, evaluator who makes the group work in a certain direction to accomplish the task at hand.