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Health: Chapter 8: Managing Stress

Define defense mechanism
strategies people use to deal with stress
Define denial
Refusal to acknowledge an unpleasant fact of life in order to delay facing it
Examples of defense mechanism
Ignoring the problem factor
List the traits of a Type A Personality
Competitive, rushed, and time oriented
List the traits of Type B Personality
Flexible, and relaxed
What are time management skills?
a person’s way of effectively arranging his/her time
List a few examples of time management skills.
a) listing priorities
b) keeping a list of daily tasks
c) schedules
d) goal setting
What are priorities?
goals, tasks, or activities that you judge as more important than others
What role do priorities play in time management?
By establishing our priorities, you can avoid saying “yes” when you mean “no”, a common problem that leads to many people to take on more tasks than they can handle, thus causing stress.
How does planning ahead help you cope with daily frustrations and changes?
Thinking through a situation in advance also helps you recognize where variations to your plan may occur. This better prepares you for unexpected changes. A well thought-out plan is NOT a rigid series of steps but a flexible map with many goals to reach.
What are stress management techniques?
Skills that help an individual handle stress in a healthful, effective way
Identify positive methods of handling stress.
a) redirect your energy- do something active or creative to release your tension
b) relax and laugh- “relaxation response”- techniques include deep breathing, thinking pleasant thoughts, stretching, lowers blood pressure
c) keep positive outlook- the way you think determines how you feel
d) seek out support- confide in someone you trust, just talking to someone about your problem may help you feel better
e) therapy- reading, go for a walk, spend time with friends, exercise
Identify unacceptable or negative methods of handling stress.
a) drugs and alcohol
b) withdrawal from friends
c) punching something
d) yelling or screaming at others
e) self-harm
f) eatting

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