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Health: Chapters 9,10,11

Which of the following statements about vitamins is TRUE?
Vitamins are required by the body in large amounts.
A mineral commonly lacking in American diets is
Iron
Vegetarians who eat no meat, poultry, or fish, but do eat eggs and dairy products, are called
lacto-ovo-vegetarians.
Protein sources that provide all the amino acids that cannot be manufactured in the body are considered
complete
What is the main nutrition-related problem likely to be encountered by a vegan if his or her diet is not carefully selected?
insufficient intake of vitamin B-12
Fat provides ________ calories per gram.
9
Which of the following should count toward your total daily fluid intake?
only water
Essential nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT
enzymes
The primary function of vitamins is
to regulate various chemical reactions within cells.
Endurance athletes may benefit from consuming additional
proteins
Consumption of whole grains has been linked to
All of these
Most of the fats in food are in the form of
Triglycerides
Human body weight is composed of approximately _______________ water.
50-60%
Examples of trace minerals include
fluoride, copper, and zinc.
Which of the following are richest in complex carbohydrates?
grains and legumes
Meats, fish, poultry, and eggs are sources of ___________ protein.
complete
Fiber can help
all of these
Leading sources of saturated fat in the American diet include all of the following EXCEPT
fish
Which of the following is NOT a function of fats?
The remove waste products
A potentially fatal vitamin deficiency disease, caused by a lack of vitamin C in the diet, is
Scurvy
Foods from most plant sources supply ____________ proteins.
incomplete
If the air temperature is 75°F, cooked or refrigerated foods should not be left at room temperature for more than
2 hours
Examples of major minerals include
calcium, potassium, and magnesium.
Which of the following essential nutrients does NOT supply energy?
vitamins
Which of the following is NOT one of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
Choose a diet low in complex carbohydrates.
Which of the following foods is NOT considered a simple carbohydrate?
potato
A guideline for food safety is to
wash hands for 10 seconds after handling food.
Saturated fats are primarily found in
animal food sources and are solid at room temperature.
Individuals with high blood pressure may benefit from dietary restriction of
sodium
Two vitamins produced within the body are
vitamin D and vitamin K.
Endurance exercise significantly increases
daily calorie expenditure
Cooling down after exercise is important to
restore circulation to its normal resting condition.
To improve cardiorespiratory endurance during moderate-intensity activities such as walking or swimming slowly, you should exercise for at least
45 minutes, three times per week.
Flexibility is best described as
the ability of joints to move through their full range of motion.
Which of the following statements about athletic injuries is TRUE?
Seek medical attention for minor injuries that do not get better within a reasonable amount of time.
Exercise is a subset of physical activity that is
planned, structured, and repetitive.
Which of the following statements about exercise programs is TRUE?
The best exercise programs promote health and are fun.
The physical activity pyramid includes all of the following EXCEPT
agility training.
Which of these statements about warm-up sessions is FALSE?
Warm-up activities are usually of high intensity.
Which of the following activities will provide the MOST aerobic benefit for a beginning exerciser who has been sedentary until then?
walking
Muscular endurance is the
amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort.
Which of the following statements about treating injuries with application of heat is FALSE?
It should be used before using ice.
Serious dehydration may cause all of the following EXCEPT
torn ligaments.
Application of force with movement is called _______________ exercise.
isotonic
All of the following are dimensions of progressive overload EXCEPT
specificity.
To develop a particular fitness component, you must perform exercises that are designed particularly for that component. This is referred to as
specificity.
To improve muscular endurance, it is best to
use heavy resistance with few repetitions.
Exercise frequency refers to
the number of times per week you exercise.
Weight training with free weights represents which one of the following types of exercise?
isotonic
In which of the following situations should John get a medical examination before beginning an exercise program?
all of these
In a weight training program for general fitness, do ______ repetitions of each exercise.
8-12
The ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate-to-high levels of intensity is
cardiorespiratory endurance.
Exercise intensity refers to
How hard you work
Which of the following is a person with excessive body fat more likely to experience than a person with a healthy body composition?
all of these
Which of the following statements about the effects of cardiovascular exercise on metabolism and body composition is FALSE?
It can result in substantial weight gain due to increase in muscle mass.
Exercise duration refers to
how long your exercise session is.
The best fluid replacement during a 45-minute exercise session is
cool water
Which of the following statements about fluid balance during and after exercise is FALSE?
Thirst is a good indicator of how much you need to drink.
Which of the following statements about the effects of improved cardiorespiratory fitness is FALSE?
Resting blood pressure increases.
All of the following are cardiorespiratory endurance activities EXCEPT
Weight training
Characteristics of bulimia include all of the following, EXCEPT
Significant weight loss
An eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of overeating followed by purging is
bulimia nervosa.
Type 2 diabetes
is best prevented by eating a healthy diet and exercising.
An initial step in the treatment of bulimia is
Treating depression
An example of a snack low in energy density is
celery sticks.
Resting metabolic rate is
the energy required to maintain vital body functions.
The amount of stored fat in a given individual is the result of all of the following EXCEPT
climate.
The main drawback of using BMI to assess health is that it is not a good tool for
assessing body composition.
People who tend to store body fat in the _________ are at increased risk for chronic disease.
Buttocks
A condition characterized by extreme dissatisfaction with appearance, body type, and/or body composition is
body dysmorphic disorder.
Psychological problems stemming from obesity include all of the following, EXCEPT
schizophrenia
Exercise affects metabolic rate by doing all of the following, EXCEPT
building strength during exercise.
Which of the following is considered essential fat?
fat stored in various tissues and critical for normal body functioning
Recent research indicates that drinking more than one soda per day may be associated with
metabolic syndrome.
A health problem associated with bulimia is
tooth decay.
The greater the amount of muscle mass, the
higher the resting metabolic rate.
Hydrostatic weighing is used to predict percent body fat based on
body density and water displacement.
The largest component of metabolism is
resting metabolic rate.
In America, eating disorders affect
mostly women.
Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing
your weight by the square of your height.
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of binge-eating disorder?
purging
The concept of energy balance refers to the need to balance
calories consumed with calories burned.
According to the National Institutes of Health, which of the following trends is occurring?
The percentage of overweight Americans is increasing.
Surgical procedures to help the extremely obese lose weight involve
modifying the gastrointestinal tract to reduce food intake.
Which of the following is considered a psychosocial factor that contributes to obesity?
the use of food to lessen stress
A health risk associated with anorexia nervosa is
low blood pressure.
Most weight problems are caused by
unhealthy lifestyle.
Which of the following are activities that use calories?
all of these
Which of the following patterns of eating is recommended for weight management?
eating every three to four hours
Which of the following protects against weight gain and is essential for maintaining weight loss?
Physical activity
Meats, fish, poultry, and eggs are sources of ___________ protein.
complete

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