understands basic health information and services and uses these sources to promote health and wellness
A health-literate individual:
T or F: To be truly healthy, all three sides of the health triangle need to be in balance.
a lower risk for disease
Abstinence can lead to:
having weak eyesight
Which of the following is NOT a lifestyle factor:
– having friends
– having weak eyesight
– walking to school
physical, mental/emotional, and social health
What are the 3 elements of your health triangle?
eating a high-fat diet
What is one example of a cumulative risk?
T or F: When your health triangle is balanced you are likely to have problems in some area.
T or F: Your environment, the media, and technology are among the important influences on your health
T or F: Preventive measures include wearing a seatbelt and applying sunscreen
T or F: Your environment includes the people and places you come into contact with everyday
T or F: Lifestyle factors are personal behaviors and habits that affect your level of health
people of the same age who share similar interests
related risks that increase in effect with each added risk
the sum of your surroundings
an overall state of well-being
the providing of accurate health information to help people make health of others
the various methods of communicating information
the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being
factors that are negative and can put your health at risk
factors that are positive or negative and can help you keep a healthy lifestyle
– get 8-10 hours of sleep each night
– get 30 minutes of exercise at least 3 days a week
– stay away from alcohol, tobacco, and drugs
– eat a healthy breakfast
List 4 lifestyle factors that you can control.
refusing to talk
What is a strategy that does not help the process of resolving a conflict?
Using a polite tone of voice
What is a strategy that helps you resolve a conflict?
What is NOT an example of stress management?
identifying the situation
What is the first step in effective decision making?
studying for a quiz
What is an example of a short-term goal?
What is NOT a core ethical value?
Name 3 core ethical values.
to inspire you to be your best
What is the purpose of a good role-model?
What health facility would be needed if you were in a car accident?
a cream that promises to cure warts overnight
What is an example of health fraud?
American Medical Association
What group would you write to if your doctor made your health condition worse?
running in a race that benefits cancer victims
Which is a way teens can advocate public health?
T or F: The term health skills refers only to those skills that help improve you level of physical fitness.
T or F: Core ethical values, such as responsibility, honesty, and respect, differ greatly across cultures and age groups
T or F: Character and core ethical values are learned when you are young and continue to develop throughout your life
Stress management consists of avoiding any situation that causes stress
T or F: People who buy man weight loss products or anti-aging products are likely to be victims of health fraud
Your rights as a consumer include the right to choose, to be informed, and to have problems corrected
T or F: If you feel you have been a victim of malpractice you may be able to get help from a regulatory organization such as the American Medical Association
T or F:
Tricking consumers into buying defective or useless products is fraud
T or F: In conventional insurance plans, the insured person pays for doctor visits and is then reimbursed by the insurance company for the entire cost of the visit
Co-pay is the same as deductible when paying at the doctors office
those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves
the sale of worthless products or services claimed to prevent diseases or cure other health problems
taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief
those who takes on regional, nationals, and international consumer issues
a goal that you can reach in a short length of time
a multi-step strategy to achieve you goals
primary care physician
medical doctors who provide general care
something you aim for that takes planning and work
purchasers or users of health products or services
ways to deal with the negative effects of stress
doctors that specializes in one particular category of medical care
example of an exercise that tests your muscle strength
ability of muscles to perform physical activity over a long period of time
example of an exercise that tests your muscular endurance
a form of movement that causes your body to use energy
a test that tests cardiovascular endurance
the ratio of body fat to lean body tissue
short bursts of activity by muscles that produce energy without oxygen
amount of force a muscle can exert
A minimum of 10 mins is all you need for a daily cardiovascular workout
T or F: If you are starting out a new workout you should work 50 % of your MHR
T or F: A 50 yard dash is an example of aerobic exercise
T or F: The best measurement for body composition is the pinch test
T or F: Diabetes can be a result of a poor exercise program
visit a health care professional for a health screening
Before beginning a new physical activity it is wise to
A sedentary lifestyle will NOT lead to
Before exercising, you should allow your pulse rate to increase gradually by
How do you calculate your MHR?
MHR x percentages
How do you calculate your THR?
the process by which the body takes in and uses food
the units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
the substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
a natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
a desire, rather than a need, to eat
How many grams of fiber should you get each day?
A major source of energy for your body comes from:
What is an example of food that contains complete proteins?
Make new cells
What is one major function of proteins?
What is an example of fats high in saturated fatty acids?
Where is excess cholesterol in the blood deposited?
How man amino acids is the body made up of?
How many of the amino acids in your body are essential amino acids?
T or F: The body makes the essential amino acids.
60%, 10%, 30%
What percentage of your daily diet should include: Carbohydrates, Protein and Fats?
fat, salt, sugar
What 3 items should we eat in moderation?
fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, water
What are the 6 classified nutrients?
environment, culture, emotional state, advertising, social, budget
What are the 6 factors that influence what you eat?
T or F: the body manufactures minerals.
Water salable–vitamin c
Name two types of vitamins and list one vitamin for each.
lubricates your joints
What is one reason that the body needs water?
What is an example of a nutrient-dense food?
your amount of stored body fat may increase
What will happen if you take in more calories that you can burn?
lean body tissue
Body composition is the ratio of body fat to:
keeping a food journal of what and when you eat
What is one strategy in a sensible weight-management plan?
The number of calories a person takes in each day should be unaffected by:
prevents an electrolyte imbalance
What is one benefit to drinking plenty of water before and during a heavy workout?
a sedentary lifestyle
What contributes to obesity?
malnutrition and starvation
What are 2 consequences that anorexia nervosa is similar to?
a person with a large amount of body fat
What is one way to describe a person who is obese?
kidney failure, abnormal weight loss, hair loss, decrease of bone density, bodily pains, death
What are 6 health consequences associated with anorexia nervosa?
family, community and peers
What are 3 external factors that can affect a person’s resiliency?
During the alarm stage of the body’s stress response, what “emergency hormone” is released to prepare the body to respond to a stressor?
What is an example of one way NOT to manage stress?
an environmental stressor
Having to leave your home because of hurricane damage is an example of:
doing relaxation exercises
WHat is one example of voluntary responses to stress?
T or F: Stress can have the positive effect of motivating a person to work hard
T or F: An example of a biological stressor is the way you perceive a situation
T or F: Two people who share a traumatic experience will perceive the event in the same way and suffer the same amount of stress
T or F: Poor eating habits can be a source of stress
T or F: False
Chronic stress results in a fight-or-flight response that lasts for days or weeks
the ability to adapt to and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis
the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
anything that causes stress
a state of calm that can be reached by practicing relaxation techniques
stress associated with long-term problems
avoiding unsafe areas
What is an example of a preventive behavior?
looking over your shoulder as you walk
What form of body language tells would be attackers to stay away?
T or F: Bullies stop their behavior on their own.
It helps resolve conflicts before violence occurs/
How does peer mediation reduce violence in schools?
Does the need for attention from adults cause someone to be violent?
What is the most easily accessed influence on violence?
What type of violence is committed for no particular reason?
Run from the attacker
What is the best response if you are confronted by an attacker who wants your possessions?
Which type of abuse can lead to future physical abuse?
Which statement is true about date rape?
a. both males and females may be victims.
b. often a victim knows the attacker,
c. There is no way to prevent date rape.
d. Both a and b
never drive alone and park in well-lit areas
What are two general strategies for staying safe?
bolt the door and do not let unknown callers know you’re home alone
What are two strategies for staying safe in a home?
emotional abuse, physical abuse, cyber bullying, sexual abuse
What are 4 forms of violence in a school?
When you have drugs or alcohol in your system they emphasize your feelings so you are more likely to feel the need to be violent. Also you are not stable to make decisions so you will most likely make bad decisions.
How does alcohol and drugs play into violence?
make sure you know enough about that person to know they will not rape you, and get to know them better
What strategies can help a person prevent the physical, sexual, and emotional violence of date rape?
any strategy for protecting oneself from harm
when one person in a dating relationship forces the other person to participate in sexual intercourse
uninvited and unwelcome sexual conduct directed at another person
the intentional infliction of bodily harm or injury on another person
standing up for your rights and beliefs in firm but positive way
threatened or actual use of physical force or power to harm another person or to damage property
using words to mistreat or injure another person
act of seeking power or attention through the psychological emotional or physical abuse of a person
any form of sexual intercourse that takes place against a person’s will
the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated and hostile behavior by an individual or group intended to harm others
any form of unwelcome sexual conduct directed at an individual, including sexual harassment, sexual assault and rape
process in which trained students help other students find fair ways to resolve conflict and settle differences
a small circle of friends, usually with similar backgrounds or tastes, who exclude people viewd as outsiders
physical, mental/ emotional or sexual mistreatment of one person to another
group of people who associate with one another to take part in criminal activity
to cool your body as the perspiration evaporates
What is the function of perspiration?
Moles are spots on the skin that contain extra:
What is the condition called that leads to permanent loss of vision?
When you get a tattoo, you run the risk of contracting:
T or F: Tears contain a substance that protects the eye against infection.
The ________ _________ helps the eye keep its shape
What makes images appear foggy or blurry?
the pupil dilates
What happens when the eye focuses on objects that are near?
What forms when a hair follicle becomes infected with bacteria?
What occurs when acid destroys plaque, exposing tooth enamel?
T or F: Dark-skinned people need to take more precautions to guard against UV radiation that fair-skinned people.
T or F: The retinae contains light-sensitive rods and cones
T or F: Wax buildup can cause sensorineural hearing loss.
T or F: The middle ear contains structures that help you keep your balance
T or F: Bright flashes of light and blurred vision can signal detached retina.
T or F: Habitually listening to loud music can eventually lead to permanent hearing loss.
T or F: eating foods rich in phosphorus, vitamin C, and calcium will strengthen teeth and gums
T or F: in the condition called tinnitus, sound waves fail to reach the inner ear.
T or F: Halitosis can have several causes, including smoking, tooth decay, and bacteria on the tongue.
T or F: The main function of sebum is to waterproof the skin
the outer, thinner layer of the skin that is composed of living and dead cells
an inflammation of the periodontal structures
structures within the dermis that secrete perspiration through ducts to pores on the skin’s surface
the light-sensitive membrane on which images are cast by the cornea
a structure that surrounds the root of a hair
the inner ear, which consists of the cochlea, the vestibule, and the semicircular canals.
a condition in which dead skin cells are shed from the scalp as sticky, white flakes
the substance formed when plaque hardens
a transparent tissue that bends and focuses light before it enters the lens
three small bones linked together that connect the eardrum to the inner ear
system that supports body, helps with movement, protects internal organs, stores minerals and produce white and red blood cells
system that creates movement
system that coordinate all the actions and thoughts in your body
system that exchanges gases between the body and the environment
system that secretes hormones to the blood stream
male reproductive system
system that transports sperm to female, produces and stores sperm
system that circulates blood and nourishes the entire body
system that has the mechanical and chemical breakdown, absorption and elimination of foods
system that filters waste and extra fluid from the blood
female reproductive system
system that stores the ova, and nourishes the ovum in the womb
Which system has the health problem: Goiter?
Which system has the health problem: Epilepsy?
Which system has the health problem: Scoliosis?
Female Reproductive System
Which system has the health problem: PID?
Which system has the health problem: Kidney Stones?
Which system has the health problem: asthma?
Which system has the health problem: hypertension?
Male Reproductive System
Which system has the health problem: prostate cancer?
Which system has the health problem: heartburn?
Which system has the health problem: sprain?
the spontaneous expulsion of a fetus that occurs before the twentieth week of a pregnancy
an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine
a thin, fluid-filled membrane that surrounds and protects the developing embryo
when a baby cries for no apparent medical reason
the final stage of pregnancy, in which the uterus contracts and pushes the baby out of the mother’s body
group of alcohol-related birth defects
the thick, blood-rich tissue that lines the walls of the uterus and nourishes the embryo during pregnancy
the rope-like structure that connects the embryo and the placenta
the other name for crib death
it begins to divide
What is the first thing that happens after an ovum is fertilized?
T or F: Fetal alcohol syndrome is caused only by large amounts of alcohol.
birth defects, premature labor, and an addicted baby
What are 3 things that illegal drug use during a pregnancy can cause?
the heart begins to beat
What is one thing that happens in the first four weeks of embryonic and fetal development?
what is performed after birth to check for PKU?
What is one symptom of an ear infection?
Does putting a baby in an ice bath reduce a baby’s fever?
drooling, pain and swollen gums
What are 3 symptoms for teething?
dilation, birth, after birth
What are the 3 stages of pregnancy?
What test will help doctors determine if there is a chromosome problem?
What sense is a baby able to use before birth?
alcohol and tobacco
What substances should a pregnant woman avoid?
How many stages must a child go through for growth?
infancy-from 0-1 years
you learn trust
What is the first stage of childhood, what are the years and what does the child learn?
Early Childhood-from 2-3 years
What is the second stage of childhood, what are the years and what does the child learn?
Middle CHildhood-from 4-6 years
What is the third stage of childhood, what are the years and what does the child learn?
Late Childhood-from 7-12 years
What is the last stage of childhood, what are the years and what does the child learn?
love without limitation or qualification
critical changes that occur at all stages of life
the period from childhood to adulthood
the ability to reason and think out abstract solutions
the state at which the physician body and all its organs are fully developed
a firm adherence to a moral code
able to make correct decisions about behavior when adults are not present to enforce rules
the traits related to a person’s gender
the feelings of sadness or loneliness that accompany children’s leaving home and entering adulthood
irregular heart beat
What is one symptom of alcohol poisoning?
What is drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at a sitting?
high blood pressure
What is the long-term affect of alcohol?
a condition in which liver tissue is replaced with useless scar tissue
Teens who begin drinking at an early age are ________ times more likely to be alcoholic dependent than as an an adult
a person who is dependent on alcohol
Medical researchers found that drinking alcohol can:
According to teens, what is the most important factor in choosing not to use alcohol?
becoming intoxicated regularly
What is the first stage of alcoholism characterized by?
time of consumption
What is NOT a factor that influences the onset and severity of short-term drinking?
fetal alcohol syndrome
a group of alcohol-related birth defects
a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose
the chemical action of yeast on sugars
the type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages
a drug that slows the central nervous system
blood alcohol concentration
the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood expressed as a percentage
a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol
the process by which the body breaks down substance
stay at a therapeutic community
What treatment would be most appropriate for a person with a long history of serious drug abuse?
Morphine, codeine and aspirin are all:
Your body’s reaction to a medicine depends on your ___________ __________________
Cocaine is a ____________
______________ enhances mental reflexes and short-term memory
What medicine can cause increased risk of injury to tendons and ligaments?
What type of medicine is never used in a medicinal capacity?
one medicine strengthens the effect of another medicine taken at the same time
T or F: All drugs are medicines, but not all medicines are drugs.
T or F: SOmeone who suddenly begins to gain muscle mass and becomes moody, paranoid, and aggressive may be using anabolic-androgenic steroids
T or F: Depressants can be dangerous because they slow heart and respiration rates and lower blood pressure
T or F: Symptom of withdrawal can include nervousness, severe nausea, and euphoria
T or F: Tolerance is a condition in which the body becomes used to the effect of a medicine
T or F: Over the counter medicines must only be used with a doctor’s supervision
T or F: Antibiotics have no effect on viruses
T or F: Anti-viral drugs reduce the sneezing, watery eyes, and the runny nose that often accompany allergies
T or F: Intentionally taking more than the recommended dose of a prescribed pain Reliever is an example of substance abuse
T or F: THE majority of high school students in the U.S. have never tried marijuana
illicit drug use
the use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted
a plant who leaves, buds and flowers are usually smoked for there intoxicated effects
a preparation given to prevent a person from contracting a specific disease
anabolic androgenic steroid
synthetic drug made to imitate the effects of narcotics and hallucinogens
substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to give a mind-altering effect
chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain
drugs that alter moods, thoughts and sense perceptions
a synthetic drug made to imitate the effects of narcotics and hallucinogens
name, dosage, doctor, name of medicine
What are 4 pieces of info on a prescription label?
What are the 4 categories of psychoactive drugs and name one type of each.
WHat is the most abused legal drug?
What is the most abused illegal drug?
a group of 100 different diseases that cause pain and loss of movement in the joints
an organism that carries and transmits pathogens to humans or other animals
a protein that acts against a specific antigen
a specialized white blood cell that regulates the function of specific immunity
the below-average intellectual ability present from birth or early childhood associated with difficulties in leaning and social adaption
Americans with Disabilities Act
a law prohibiting discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities in the workplace, transportation, public, accommodations, and telecommunications
the state of being protected against a particular disease
occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same place at the same time are affected
the process in which plaques accumulate on artery walls
an organism that causes diseases
T or F:Bacteria reproduce by penetrating and taking control of a host cell of manufacture duplicates of themselves
T or F: The pain of angina pectoris occurs when the heart does not get enough
T or F: All heart attacks are sudden and cause intense chest pain
T or F: Ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by fungi
T or F: T cells and B cells are two types of phagocytes
Helper T cells trigger production of cells that fight infection
T or F: Hypertension and angina are classified as immune system diseases
T or F: When cancer symptoms disappear for a period of time, the cancer is said to be in metastasis
What STD stays in the body after symptoms are treated?
T or F: All STDs produce recognizable symptoms
HIV is transmitted through:
What is the best method for preventing STDs?
T or F: Many people who have genital herpes have no symptoms.
inability to conceive or difficulty with conceiving a child
avoiding harmful behaviors
a virus that can cause genital warts
a virus that attacks the immune system
communicable diseases spread from person to person through sexual contact
chlamydia and gonorrhea
What are two Bacterial STDs?
Hepatitis B and C
What are two viral STDs?
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