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History 1302 Ch.20-21 Quiz

Countries who entered into WWI together against the Germans were known as the Allied Power
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that the U.S.
Would intervene in the domestic affairs of any Latin American Nation whose instability threatened the security of the Western Hemisphere
Woodrow Wilson’s campaign slogan during his reelection campaign of 1916 was, “He Kept Us Out Of War”
Political leaders, including Theodore Roosevelt, justified annexation of the Philippines and Puerto Rico on the grounds that
both islands countries were too weak to govern themselves
When Britain and Venezuela found themselves in a border dispute in 1895, American Secretary of State sought to stop conflict by
citing the Monroe doctrine and persuading Britain to settle the border dispute with Venezuela peacefully
move by America to build a canal through central America
included an American-baked revolution by the Panamanians against Columbia
In the Zimmerman Note, Germans pledged to help Mexico take back Texas if Mexico would help them defeat the Americans in the WWI
The election of 1900 showed that
A strident anti-imperialist political ideology would not be sufficiently appealing to American voters
Open Door policy
would allow all nations to trade with china on equal terms
American “realists” hoped that their country would assume its role as a great world powers, while “idealists” wanted America to reform the world
At the Scopes Monkey Trial
famous defense lawyer Clarence Darrow volunteered to defend science teacher John Scopes, who was arrested for teaching evolution
the notion that immigrants should leave behind the ways of the old world and blend into American culture
Consumer economy of the US looked very good during 1920s, as evidenced by the fact that
most people enjoyed rising wages and rising standards of living
Sacco and Vanzetti trial, convection, appeals and executions highlighted for many observers
publics fears of foreigners and communists
After WWI, Pres Harding lost little time in removing governmental regulations on business and blocking of repeating political and economic aspects of progressivism
Marcus Garvey is best known for
encouraging blacks to own businesses and assisting them in back to Africa movement
improving America economy of the 1920s
the percentage of national wealth that went to the poorest 60% fell by almost 13% during the 1920s, causing the wealthy to increase their wealth at the expense of the poor
Open Shop
no one could be forced to join a union as a condition for working at a given company
Starting with Hardy, three successive Republican administrations pursued all of the following except
actively interventionist and regulatory economic role for the federal government
It has been estimated that by the end of the 1920s, there was one car for every ___ people in America
By the early 1920s, Hollywood in Southern California had grown into the center of America’s rapidly growing movie industry
New Panama Canal operation in 1914
opened just before wwI broke out
American’s initial reaction to the outbreak of war in Europe was
a declaration of neutrality and a promise to sell munitions to nations on both sides of the conflict
After Spanish-American War ended and the peace treaty was signed, the US passed the Platt Amendment, which
was added to the Cuban constitution and gave the US the right to intervene military should revolution threaten
Seward’s Folly
his purchase of Alaska
event that finally pushed the United States to enter WWI
Zimmerman note
Zimmerman note, the germans pledged to help Mexico take back Texas if Mexico would help them defeat the Americans in WWI
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that the US would never sustain itself as a world power without
a large modern navy and overseas supply bases
Boxer Rebellion in china aimed to use outsiders to help the people throw out the invaders from Japan in 1900
Strained relations between Queen Lil’uokalani and American businessmen came to a head in 1893, when
American rebels seized the queen, declared a provisional government, and petitioned for annexation by the US
spark that set WWI into motion
assassination of the Austrian Archduke, Franz Ferdinand, by a Serb nationalist
Starting with Harding, 3 successive Republican administrations pursued all the following EXCEPT
actively internationalist and regulatory economic role for the federal government
Welfare capitalism
by providing better working conditions, better pay and other benefits, owners had happier, more productive workers who were less interested in unization
One of the most prominent observers who ridiculed the anti-evolutionists at the Scopes Trial in Tennessee was H.L. Mencken a journalist
TRUE about the mutual fund
it provided a sense of security to investors because of the variety of stocks each fund
Most of the changes that took place in America could be described as a shifting “inward” away from the international community
An influential group of dillisioned writers were so put off by American lifestyle in the 20s that they
All of these choices
i. Wrote highly evocative American literature while residing in places like London and Paris
ii. Formed intellectual expatriate communities abroad
iii. Moved to Europe to be away from America’s “vulgae” commercialism
iv. Were known as the “lost generations”
First country in which the united states wanted to build a canal across central America was Colombia
goals of American businessmen
sell American goods to the peoples of Asia
Teller Amendment
barred to the US from annexing Cuba
Countries who entered into the WWI together against the Germans were known as the allied powers
President Taft’s use of American soldiers to protect the interests of the American business community in Latin America who called
dollar diplomacy
Not a reason for the onset of the Spanish-american war
rough riders wanted to make a name for themselves
In his famous 1893 essay, historian Frederick Jackson Turner bemoaned the loss of a frontier in America, because he believed that
the frontier had played a vital role in shaping America’s national character and the country would need a new frontier to ensure its democracy lived on
Eugene V. Debs’s book about Jesus, which portrayed jesus as a socialist carpenter, indicates that Debs was a(n)
socialists Christian pacifist
Cultural pluralism is the concept that every cultural group has something worthwhile to retain, even when its members are set on becoming a part of some other group. The end result would be a melding of cultures, or a sport of “melting pot”
Most Americans readily complied with the new law of prohibition, leaving the consumption of alcohol to those who did not mind breaking the law in other cases
What did the 18th amendment do?
made prohibition the law of the land
Equal Rights Amendments to the constitution was proposed in 1923 and approved by congress in ___ but never ratified by the requisite three-quarters of the states
The Man Nobody Knows was a book about Henry Ford
Most of the changes that took place in America could be described as a shifting “inward” away from the international community’s
first moving picture with sound
the Jazz Singer
Twenties ushered in new ways of doing business, as companies began to
stimulate demand by allowing consumers to purchase goods on the installment plan
Many women’s right advocates in the Twenties turned their attention to economics and the job market by focusing their advocacy efforts on political instruments such as the Equal Rights Amendment
Did NOT take place in the 1920s
Henry Ford pioneered the five-dollar day, paying workers so their purchasing power increased
American humanitarianism efforts in the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam and Cuba included all the following EXCEPT
Americans helped local people to establish independent, domestic businesses
businessmen who were heavily invested in Cuba were concerned when Cuba began a war for independence from Spain because they feared that
the political instability of revolution and independence would lead the cuban government to seize all of the american holdings
concerned about the aggression of other colonial powers, the kingdom of hawaii
granted the U.S. the right to construct a naval base at pearl harbor
wilson’s 14 points were
all of these choices
President cleveland’s secret of state used the monroe doctrine as the rationale for settling the Venezuela crisis of 1895, since the british believed that the U.S. would be ready to go to war to protect Venezuelan territorial interests and integrity
individuals such as Josiah Strong believed that america had moral duty to
take christianity to those who had never heard of it
big business interests in america
drove american foreign policy from early in the nations history
the inventor of phomograph
thomas edison
influential group of disillusioned writers were so put off by the American lifestyle in the 20s that they
all of these choices
who summed up his foreign policy with this statement: “Speak softly and carry a big stick”
Theodore Roosevelt
U.S. became a principle player in the post-war world 1 league of nations
today’s territory of american Samoa was part of Americas foray into gaining permanent footholds in the pacific
not a true statement about the resurgence of the Klu Klux Klan
it was demonized in D.W. Griffiths film, Birth of Nation
Henry Ford revolutionized the automobile industry by developing the
assembly line
immigration to america changed a great deal during the 1920s as
congress passed laws establishing quotas for immigrants based on their home country
Treaty of Versailles included all the following EXCEPT
an end to british and french colonial rule in africa and asia
in order for Theodore Roosevelt to be able to volunteer for military service in Cuba he had to
resign his naval post
not true of the Red Scare that hit America after the Communist takeover in Russia
socialism was limited to the northeast
First President to make a radio broadcast
Warren G. Harding
all of the following was true about the 1920s, EXCEPT
americans invested themselves heavily in foreign policy experiments in Latin America and Asia
the “water cure” was one of the atrocities committed by american soldiers in the philippines
seemingly robust economy of the 1920s was founded by
republican policies
all of the following are true statements about prohibition EXCEPT
most people embraced it as a solution to the social problems caused by alcohol and alcoholism
all of the following were part of the treaty that ended the spanish-american war EXCEPT
U.S. gained Hawaii
Birth of Nation, a film designed to show the evils of slavery, was produced and financed by the NAACP
all true about the Great Migration of African Americans, EXCEPT
blacks found cities like Chicago to be among the most welcoming
is not true about the working conditions in the 1920s in america
union organizers used a blacklist to intimidate other workers into joining a union
Margaret Sanger’s rousing speeches advocating equal rights amendments for women focused on politcal rights especially the franchise
once the U.S. entered World War 1, how did the government address its wartime participation on the home front
all of these choices

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