focused on urban areas and problems such as plight of workers, poor sanitation, and corrupt political machines
published progressive journalist’s stories
investigative journalists that “raked up” and exposed the muck or filth or society
investigated Rockefellers Standard Oil Company and published 19 articles on its business practices
Ray Stannard Baker
his book described a lynching in Springfield, Ohio.
depicted the workers brutalized by greedy business owners.
wrote about how the closed-mindedness of elite society leads a good-hearted heroine to social isolation and despair.
political theorists that argues that the government should use its regulatory and taxation powers to promote the welfare of all its citizens
worked for reforms with women and child laborers; helped to organize the National Child Labor Committee
a Women’s Trade Union League organizer who argued that only a strong working-class movement could bring real change to the workplace
Freedom of contract
the freedom to negotiate the terms of their employment
Muller vs. Oregon
an employer challenged the 10 hour workday
a workplace where all the employees must belong to a union
the system under which the government or worker cooperatives own most factories, utilities, and transportation and communications systems
American Federation of Labor
AFL – • Excluded unskilled workers
International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union
The ILGWU – jewish and Italian immigrant women / open shop
Industrial Workers of the World
The IWW – • Enlisted all people
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