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History Scrapbook: A Glimpse at the Lives of Three Exemplary

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was a successful American inventor and businessman. 1,093 U. S. patents are credited to his name, excluding the many patents he held in other countries. This fact provides a sound basis as to why people regard him as “one of the most prolific inventors in history. ” One of his most profitable inventions was the phonograph, which he started to develop in 1877. His earlier work on the machine involved tin cylinders and manual means of operation, but he was subsequently able to upgrade the design of the invention with a motor and cylinders made of wax by 1887.

He is probably known by most people as the inventor of the incandescent lamp, which he worked on from 1878 to 1879. Contrary to what some people might believe, he was not actually the first individual to come up with the idea of using electricity for lighting, but was instead the first inventor to produce a durable light bulb which could be manufactured at an affordable cost. His other achievements laid the basis for, or impacted several areas such as electricity generation and distribution, as well as “moving pictures” or movies, among

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others.

He made devices for the United States government during World War I and his laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey became the model for modern research laboratories. He was awarded the Congressional gold medal in 1928 for his numerous significant contributions to society. Franklin Roosevelt “There is nothing to fear but fear itself. ” Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945) was the thirty-second president of the United States of America. His presidential administration would span four terms and lasted from his first inauguration on March 4, 1933 to his death on April 12, 1945.

During his term in office, he was able to face two of the most critical events which occurred in America’s history – the Great Depression and World War II. In what was called the “worst economic crisis in U. S. history”, or “Great Depression”, that had started from 1929, President Roosevelt immediately rose to action by initiating his New Deal policies. His administration’s actions ranged from offering jobs to unemployed individuals to assisting closed banks towards reopening.

This also included the Social Security Act of 1935, which was drafted to create a comprehensive social security system, in the hopes of preventing an economic crisis of the same magnitude as the Great Depression. The unprovoked Japanese attack on the U. S. naval base in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 was seen by President Roosevelt as “…a date which will live in infamy. ”, and would help establish the American government’s decision to be directly involved in World War II.

His attendance in the Yalta Conference, which lasted from February 4 to February 11, 1945, had helped ensure the participation of the Soviet Union in the newly-formed United Nations. Through this conference, he had also endeavored for the Soviet Union’s involvement in the fight against Japan. Michael Jordan “I can accept failure, everyone fails at something. But I can’t accept not trying. ” Michael Jeffrey Jordan (February 17, 1963 – Present) is regarded as arguably the best basketball player ever.

He was able to achieve significant success in the sport at the collegiate, professional and Olympic levels. In 1982, he was a freshman for the University of North Carolina Tar Heels, where he was able to hit the game-winning shot in the finals against Georgetown. He would be named the Rookie of the Year for the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). He was able to win the College Player of the Year, Naismith and Wooden awards, aside from leading the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in scoring in his sophomore and junior seasons.

He chose to forego his last year of eligibility to get drafted in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Coming off wining the gold medal in the Olympics with the U. S. Men’s Basketball team, he was chosen by the Chicago Bulls as the third pick, where he became the 1985 Rookie of the Year. He would go on to lead the team to championships from 1991 to 1993. In the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, he would team up with other NBA superstars like Magic Johnson and Larry Bird, to win the gold medal.

He would retire from the sport during training camp after their third championship, which was probably influenced by the death of his father. However, he would come out of his self-imposed retirement to help the Bulls win three titles from 1996 to 1998. He became a five-time Most Valuable Player (MVP), and would go on to set several records, aside from being named one of the 50 Greatest Players of the NBA. His style of play and bearing off the court has since influenced countless basketball players who aspire to play at the professional level.

References

“Franklin Delano Roosevelt. ” UXL, Newsmakers, 2005. Retrieved 8 May 2008, http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_gx5221/is_2005/ai_n19139903 “Greatest American: Top 100. ” Discovery Channel. Retrieved 8 May 2008, http://dsc. discovery. com/convergence/greatestamerican/top100/top100. html “Micahel Jordan. ” UXL, Newsmakers, 2005. Retrieved 8 May 2008, http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_gx5221/is_2005/ai_n19137729 “Thomas Alva Edison. ” UXL, Newsmakers, 2005. Retrieved 8 May 2008, http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_gx5221/is_2005/ai_n19136289

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