Home Economics and Livelihood Education for College
Home and Family A “healthy’ home also involves a sound emotional environment. Effective communication among family members, the willingness to compromise, and strong conflict-resolution skills can help foster an atmosphere of mental well-being for everyone. Stress-management skills, including relaxation exercises, can be learned and practiced by everyone. Those with children at home know that achieving healthy parent-child relationships is crucial for a healthy home environment.
Healthy parenting skills can also be learned and practiced to reduce stress in the home for both children and parents. Nutritional choices are another component of a healthy home. Making good nutritional choices (such as eating adequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, reducing consumption of refined carbohydrates, avoiding sugar-laden Juices and sodas) can help prevent adult and childhood obesity and associated medical complications such as 2 type of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Parents can help their children develop good nutritional habits by serving healthy meals at home and packing healthy school lunches and snacks. Family vacations, travel abroad, summer beach trips, and holidays are all examples if tuitions where you can take extra preventive measures to keep your family as safe and healthy as possible. Family The word family (from Latin: familial) is a group
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Extended from the human “family unit” by biological- cultural affinity, marriage, economy, culture, tradition, honor, and friendship are concepts of family that are physical and metaphorical, or that grow increasingly inclusive extending to community, village, city, region, nationhood, global village and animus. There are also concepts of family that break with tradition within particular societies, or those that are transplanted via migration to flourish or else cease within their new societies.
As a unit of solicitation and a basic institution key to the structure of society, the family is the object of analysis for sociologists of the family. Genealogy is a field which aims to trace family lineages through history. Family Life A family is a household of people related by blood or marriage. More specifically, we can define a family as husband and wife (or one parent), with or without never- aired children, living together in the same dwelling. A household may contain more than two generations of people. Family life is full of challenges, but when we make wise choices, it is also rewarding.
Family Life includes dozens of practical units on human development (childhood, teen years, adulthood, and aging), and living in a family (couple relationships, parenting, strengths, connections). All of these materials Home Economics and Livelihood Education for College By kinematical and satisfying. Fundamentals of a Strong Family Life * Routines and Rituals – Routines and rituals create a sense of normalcy, belonging, and comfort. Open Communication – Letting every family member have a voice and creating the environment and trust to let every voice be heard. Unconditional Love – a sense and realization that you are always loved and unconditionally accepted. * Laughter – Families, who laugh together, stay together. Components of a Healthy home and Family Healthy Communication This would be communication that is not steeped in blaming. It is communication that is open and accepting. Communication where the family can sit and talk together without fear of reprisals. Respect We need to respect all members of the family no matter how old or young. Each member brings something special and unique to the family.
Cultivating our ability to appreciate, hear and respect every family member’s viewpoint is crucial. Love If we are communicating effectively, respecting our differences (rather than pushing against them) and trying to let go of past mistakes, we can feel the love that is naturally there. Liking all the family members Now, this does not mean liking every family member constantly. We do not always like every member of our family all the time. But in a healthy family relationships, we like all the different members most of the time.
Factors Contributing to a Satisfying Home Life An important part of an adolescent life is learning how to contribute to have satisfying and happy relationship with each members of the family. A person who gets along well with members of his/her family can also get along with people outside his/her home. The attitude of an individual is factor to consider in achieving a satisfying home life. Some of these are well-developed, while others are not. Desirable traits that should be developed and nurtured are love and respect for parents and elders, loyalty, thoughtfulness, industry, kindness and consideration for family members. Acting these traits help develop a wholesome personality that enables one to relate well with family members and contribute to a satisfying home life. Self-centeredness, lack of concern for others, and the tendency to dominate other children in the family are traits that adolescents must avoid and overcome to keep home life satisfying. Sharing responsibilities at home should be practiced while young so as to prepare yourself in the future for other bigger responsibilities. In this way, activities at home will be divided among members of the family.
Adolescents should willingly accept duties and responsibilities at home. At the first responsibility, every member should observe family rules and standards. Adolescents are also responsible for doing household tasks. A well-planned schedule will help one divide time for doing household tasks. A well-planned schedule will help one divide rime for studying and performing household tasks. Caring for younger siblings, house cleaning, dishwashing, cooking, minor repairs and running errands are some responsibilities of an adolescent as part of home and family. Nuclear Family – It is consists off mother, father, and their biological or adoptive descendants, often called the traditional family. This was the most admired from the four types of structure. It can be a fostering environment in which to hoist children as long as there is love, time spent with children, emotional support, low stress, and a constant economic upbringing. * Single Parent – It is one most outstanding transform from the four types of family structure was the amplified of Single Parent.
Children are most likely to live in a single parent structure for reasons other than the death of a parent. Usually parents and children are more eager to work together with each other to find solutions to solve household chores in single parent families. Extended Family – It is two or more adults from unlike generations of a family, who share a household. It consists of more than parents and children; that includes parents, children, cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, foster children. In the four types of structure nuclear family is more probable to become an extended family than any other family type. Childless Family – A childless family is basically a group of people from all variety of backgrounds and all walks of life who, for whatever reason, have never had children. To replace children, childless families usually have pets as a substitute. Roles and Responsibilities of Family Members A family with a purpose is a family who knows who they are, what they stand for, and what they want from life. They have goals and dreams and plans to make them happen. They are families who live their lives with intention.
Responsibilities off Father * head of the family- making the final decisions that affects the family * guiding the children – helps the mother manage the household * takes care of his family by earning a living – takes charge of the heavy household tasks Responsibilities of a Mother * manager of the household plans the menu the marketing amply meals Responsibilities of a Brother – help make decisions affecting the family * takes care of the children * does – supervises household tasks * prepares the helps earn a living * helps father in some household activities * helps mother in the kitchen and in other household tasks activities in the home * taking care of younger brother or sister * watering the plants and some house cleaning Responsibilities of a Sister * helps mother do some of the household tasks * assists in other * helps in taking care of the younger brothers or sisters * taking care of the laundry Family Problems assist brother in other There is no such thing as the perfect family. Every family is unique with its own combination of strengths and weaknesses. Sometimes families get overwhelmed by what seems like an endless list of challenges when it comes to Juggling work, school and individual family members’ needs. The more family problems there are, such as a depressed parent combined with a defiant teen-eager, the more challenging it will be to find the best combination of treatment solutions. Treatment would depend upon the nature of the problems and the willingness and ability of family members to participate.
Sometimes couple therapy may be in order or it may be that family group therapy combined with individual therapy is required. Common Types of Family Problems * Mental health problems such as depression, anxiety or phobias * Illness – Streamlines * Co-dependence Communication problems upheavals * Domestic violence * Anger – Favoring or disfiguring family members – Over-dependency or extreme autonomy – In-law challenges * Addiction difficulties or excesses * Divorce Solutions for Family Problems – Inadequate * – Chronic crises or unexpected – problem solving skills – Resentments * Infidelity Intolerance of differences * Inability to manage or resolve conflicts – Financial * Face reality.
Be fearless and compile a list of what must be accepted and what must be changed both internally (within you) and externally (situation specific). This is your starting point for proportioning challenges and identifying the resources you’ll need to resolve them. It will also help you identify what is and is not within your control. * Take care of yourself. Physically, emotionally and spiritually. * Find and ask for help. Sometimes it’s hard to ask for help but remember that therapists are rained to provide valuable perspective while assessing, diagnosing and treating family members of all ages. * Be open to change. Accept the opinion/advice of other. Family Activities Family activities are directory of family-friendly businesses – but not Just any ordinary directory.
From day activities through to a dining experience, Family Activities is dedicated to bringing you genuinely family-friendly businesses who provide a unique experience, and who go above and beyond when it comes to providing services for family. -Read a book together lunch inside -Fly a kite walk -Bake a cookie lay catch -Go fishing and seek -Plant flowers Successful Family Activities – Build a tent and eat – Go for a – Shoot hoops or -Play hide – Catch fireflies * Planning fun and successful family activities shouldn’t be a chore for busy parents. Most Just require a little fore thought and a little planning to be successful. Not every family activity has to be an elaborate outing.
Sticking around home and Just “hanging out” can be Just as fun. Just don’t let the TV, computer, and video games become distraction. * Be flexible. Sometimes family activity is something everyone will enjoy or at least tolerate. Talk over the family activities ahead of time and get everyone’s input. This will help prevent resistance later on. * Schedule your family activities on the family calendar. Plan out for a month when the family will be together and schedule the family activities accordingly. * Make them a priority. Kids know when parents don’t follow through with their premises and are often more hurt than they are willing to let us know. Take the time for the family activities.
Your kids will thank you for those little things later. Food and Nutrition Food Groups A food group is a collection of foods that share similar nutritional properties r biological classifications. Nutrition guides typically divide foods into food groups and recommend daily servings of each group for a healthy diet. Types of * Carbohydrates – These are source of energy that can be transformed into glucose, the form of sugar that is transported and used by the body, more quickly than proteins or fats. Less carbohydrate can upset the delicate balance of a body’s blood sugar level, resulting in fluctuations in energy and mood that leave one feeling irritated and tired. Vegetables – Different vegetables contain different spreads, so it is important to eat a wide variety of types. Green vegetables typically contain vitamin A, dark orange and dark green vegetables contain vitamin C, and vegetables like broccoli and related plants contain iron and calcium. * Fruits – Fruits are the sweet-tasting seed-bearing parts of plants or occasionally sweet parts of plants which do not bear seeds; low in calories and fat and are source of natural sugars, fiber and vitamins. Processing fruits when canning or making into Juices may add sugars and remove nutrients. * Oils – The food pyramid advises that fats foods can be consumed sparingly. Butter and oils are examples of fats.
Healthy sources of fat can be found in fish, nuts, and certain fruits and vegetables, such as avocados. * Dairy Products – Dairy products are produced from the milk of mammals, most usually but not exclusively cattle. Milk and its derivative products are rich source of dietary calcium, but also provide protein, phosphorus, vitamin A, and vitamin D. They are rich in calcium and protein which is essential for healthy teeth, bones and which are the basic building blocks for the body. Meat is a major source of protein, as well as iron, zinc, and vitamin 812. They help in building and maintaining muscles. Sweets – Sweets are primarily composed of cakes and chocolates.
They are a good source of energy, but should be eaten in moderation because of high calorie content. Importance of Food Groups Diet forms a very important part of overall well-being and health. An optimum quantity of different types of food needs to be consumed to stay healthy. Each food has distinct nutrients that a human body needs and a shortage of even one type of nutrient alone can cause deficiencies in the body. On the other hand, having too much of certain kinds of foods can also not be healthy. For these reasons, it is commended to have a balanced diet which has a recommended quantity of each food. For this purpose, the foods are grouped into broad categories.
This grouping is also commonly referred to as “Food Groups. ” Since some types of foods are to be eaten more regularly than others, the “Food Groups” are also represented graphically through a pyramid called “The Food Pyramid. ” Tablas Health Products offers a variety of health products which help in getting the right nutritional balance. Balance Diet Eating is a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all he food groups. It also means eating certain things in moderation, namely saturated fat, Trans fat, cholesterol, refined sugar, salt and alcohol. The goal is to take in nutrients you need for health at the recommended levels.
Your balanced diet must be planned at your own calorie level, and portion size is key. You want to get the most nutrients for the calories by choosing food with a high-nutrient density. Nutrient- dense foods provide substantial amounts of vitamins and minerals and relatively few calories, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, lean meat and fish, and whole grains and beans. Low-nutrient dense foods have few vitamins but lots of calories, such as candy bars, soda, donuts and onion rings. Food Pyramid Meal Planning Meal planning can be intimidating for beginning cooks. Take a few minutes to organize your recipes and read through this article to help you begin, and soon meal planning will be second nature.
Meals used to be planned around a chunk of protein, plus a starch like potatoes or rice, a vegetable like green beans, and a glass of milk. Today, meat is considered more of a condiment or flavoring, and diets should be based more on grains, fruits and vegetables. That doesn’t mean you can’t have a teak or fish fillet for dinner! It Just means that you should add more whole grain breads, pastas, vegetables, fruits, rice, and cereals, and reduce the amount of meat served. Importance of Meal Planning job, consider the ways that meal planning can help improve your life. Meal planning in advance can save you time cooking, time spent in the food market, and the amount of food that was left in the refrigerator after the meal is done.
Get In All the Vitamins and Minerals You Need Each and Every Day Planning your meals in advance is a great way to ensure that you get the best meals for yourself as far as nutritious is concerned. You can plan in advance the meals that you are going to cook a week, two weeks, or even a month in advance if you really want to. This way, you can save money buying unnecessary hypothetically needed items at the grocery store and time spent finding these items in the store when you probably have better things to do. Spend Less Time in the Grocery Store With proper meal planning, you can already have a grocery list planned out when you get to the store, because you know in advance the meals that you will be shopping for.
After you have planned your meals, take your list to the grocery store and buy only what is on your meal. You will not have to wander the aisles hungry, wondering what you and your family will have for dinner. Map Things Out Ahead of Time Many people recommend that you lay everything out ahead of time and have things carefully planned out. This saves time looking around in the refrigerator for something that may not even be there. Getting in them Radars has Never Been Easier By planning your meals in advance, you are bound to feel healthier and have more energy. The reason why is because you are bound to get the most from your food by filling you up on all of the vitamins and minerals that your body needs on a daily sass.
Meal planning ensures that you get two to three square, nutritious and balanced meals every day. Meal Planning Software Can Help There are meal planning software programs that can help make your life and your meal planning needs a whole lot simpler. Programs, such as Abbott, can actually determine what your family’s individual nutritional needs are. This means that your family will be happier and healthier. You will also have more time for yourself to do the things that you want to do. Considerations in Meal Planning Color – It is probably the most important consideration to think about in meal planning. Nutritionists advise making your plate look like a painter’s palette.
The more different colors on your plate, the more varied and healthy your diet will be. Temperature and texture – It should be varied to add interest and make the meal more pleasing to the palate. Choose some cold foods, some served at room temperature, and some hot. Crisp, crunchy, smooth, chunky, and tender are all textures you should think about. Food for Different Ages A nutritious diet and regular exercise are important components of a healthy life. These habits are best developed in childhood, but it is never too late to start. Staying shifts over time, however. The key is to know your own body, to be aware of its needs and to respond appropriately to its changes towards your age.
Teens to Twenties The teens and twenties are time of higher energy levels, developing bodies and strong immune systems. You need a lot of sleep and natural energy boosts. Working out strengthens muscles and bones at a vital time, and a diet rich in nutrients and proteins fosters growth. As youth leave home, food and exercise choices can be challenging. Thirties to Fifties Life is busy with careers, homes and families. Proportioning good health becomes more official as our waistlines expand and new complaints or pains appear. Your body is not as agile or powerful as muscle mass and bone density begin to wane. You may enjoy a better body image and greater self-confidence.
You should know your limits and food tolerances now. Sixties and Onward Maintaining a healthy body adds years and improves the quality of life. Senior citizens can enjoy active bodies and good health into their ass and beyond. Talk with your doctor to find a diet and exercise plan that works for you, particularly if you have health concerns or chronic illnesses. Healthy Eating Habits Healthy eating and living a healthy lifestyle has a lot to do with forming the right habits. Start by picking one of them and making it a habit of your own before moving on to the next. Before you know it, you will have developed a much healthier eating lifestyle.
Seven Best Habits to Develop When it Comes to Healthy Eating Drink Plenty of Water Our body has to stay well hydrated to perform at its best and to properly process all the nutrients in the food you eat. Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. You may need even more water if you are in a hot environment – like spending the day at the each in 95-degree weather, or if you are exercising Eat Breakfast Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. After not eating for the past ten hours, your body needs fuel to get you going. You will have more energy and will be more alert after eating breakfast. Don’t Skip Lunch When we skip lunch, blood sugar levels drop, metabolism slows down to compensate for the missing fuel and when you get home you are starving and eat everything you can get your hands on.
Choose Your Snacks Carefully It’s a good idea to eat two healthy snacks in addition to your three main meals. This soonest mean that you can stop by the snack machine and grab a bag of chips or a candy bar. Choose healthy snacks like fruits and vegetables, low fat yogurt, cottage cheese with applesauce, some whole-wheat crackers with cheese, or some trail mix. Eat Your Fruit and Vegetables We should eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day, yet many of us get hardly any servings in at all. Grab a piece of fruit for a snack, add some banana and raisins to your favorite breakfast cereal, have a salad with lunch, and make it a habit to fix at least one vegetable side with dinner each night.
Avoid Late Dinners o eat dinner at least 3 hours before you go to bed. This will give your body a chance to digest most of the food before you rest for the next 8 hours. Keep a Food Journal To get a better idea of what you are eating on a daily basis keep a food Journal for a few days. All you need is a notebook and a pen. Write down everything you eat and drink in a given day. It is also a good idea to make notes about any emotions related to what you eat. You’ll be able to analyze what causes you to choose unhealthy foods and at what times of the day you are most likely to grab unhealthy foods. Family Economics and Home Management Money Management
It is the process of managing money which includes investment, budgeting, banking and taxes. It is also called investment management. Money management is a strategic technique employed at making money yield the highest of interest-yielding value for any amount of it spent. Spending money to provide answers to all cravings (regardless of whether they are Justifiable or not to be included in budget basket) is a natural human phenomenon. The idea of money management techniques is developed to plummet the amount individual, firm and institutions spends on items that add no significant value to its living standard, long-term portfolios and asset- Asians.
Warren Buffet, in one of his documentaries, admonished prospective investors to embrace his highly-esteemed “frugality” ideology. This is the basis of every sound money management formulas. Types of Family Income The family income includes all the goods and services from various sources such as salaries of the members of the family, income from land or other immovable property owned by the family. Money saved from these free services will be added to the income of the family. Family income is divided into three types- namely money income, real income and psychic income. Money Income In the modern world, work is paid for in terms of money. The family gets money income in the form of salary, pensions, wages, dividends, interest and rent.
Money income is used to buy goods and services required for daily living and past, saved for future use. Real Income or Non-money It is defined as the “flow of goods and services used or available for any given period of time”. Real income is derived as a result of efforts put in by the members of the family, without the use of money income. The family that makes use of these facilities can increase real income considerably without expenditure of money. Psychic Income By the use of money, goods and services are obtained in order to fulfill the needs of the family members. Thus it brings satisfaction to its family member which is called “Psychic income”. This is purely subjective in nature and cannot be measured.
Psychic income is relative in nature, but very important to realize, in order to achieve Factors in Family Budgeting Getting up family budgets is essential to helping you with good money management. This provides not only good control over your finances, but also enables you to use more money for more worthwhile purposes, such as saving money or a new car, a vacation, college or medical procedures. To make a home budget effective, several things need to be in it. Income Monthly income needs to be the starting point of any budget. This includes income from your employer, overtime, alimony, child support, dividends, public assistance, rent income, Social Security and any other money that comes into the house.
Fixed Expenditures Your fixed expenditures include everything that has a fixed cost. That is, the costs are the same every month. Besides your utilities, it also includes things like rent or mortgage, taxes, childcare, cable TV, car payment, magazine subscriptions, insurance ND club memberships. Variable Costs These are the costs that change every month. It includes things like groceries, gasoline, eating out, credit cards, household goods and beauty supplies. Ideally, you want to separate these into individual categories for better control. Giving Many people help others, or put some money regularly toward their church or other beneficial group. This is another important part of a budget.
Savings Putting money into a savings plan of some type is essential to keeping your budget intact. If possible, you should have more than one type of savings account, and they deed to include emergency funds, vacation savings, Christmas savings and funds for anything else you may want or need in the future. Miscellaneous Sooner or later, something will come up that you will need money for but didn’t expect. Often, these expenses cannot be entered into a family budget, but money needs to be set aside for these unexpected things. Fun Money Every family budget, or even a personal budget, needs some money set aside for some fun. It will make a budget hard to keep if there is no money for this expense.
Set aside some money for entertainment, a trip, hobby money or any other fun activity. Retirement Retirement savings is an important expenditure and should not be overlooked. It needs to be a set amount and if possible, it should at least match your employer’s contributions for best results. Don’t forget that money put into a retirement account is often tax deductible. Considerations in Family Budgeting * Once you have calculated your gross debt service ration, you then have to calculate your TTS: totaled service ratio; total of all of your mandatory monthly payments. Your entire monthly debt payments should be no greater than 40% of monthly income. In order to calculate your TTS, you record your mandatory monthly