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HP 191 Ole Miss Exam 2

Intervertebral disks maintain the spaces between vertebrae.
True
Numbness in the foot is a possible symptom of damaged intervertebral disks.
True
The most common cause of low-back pain is sudden traumatic injury.
False
Which stretching technique is most commonly associated with injury?
Ballistic Stretching
A stretch should be held in position for a minimum of 45 seconds.
False
Which activity is one of the common stretching techniques?
Static Stretching
The most common site of back pain is the cervical region.
False
Sleeping on one’s stomach can reduce low-back pain.
False
Which statement is true regarding an appropriate goal for flexibility?
It depends on individual fitness goals and choice of sports and activities.
How many repetitions of a stretch are needed in each secession to improve flexibility over time?
2 to 4
Which lifestyle changes can benefit a person with diabetes?
Increasing daily physical activity
Two people of the same body weight may have different values of percent body fat.
True
What level of body fat in women may signal amenorrhea and loss of body mass?
8-12%
The majority of people with pre diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes unless they make lifestyle changes.
True
Hydrostatic weighing uses which statistic to predict the percentage of body fat?
Body Density
The Bod Pod estimates percent body fat through water displacement.
False
Which is a symptom of metabolic syndrome?
Resistance to the effects of insulin
What does successful management of body composition require?
Long-term, consistent coordination of many aspects of wellness program
What is one possible explanation for the increase in obesity among Americans over the past 40 years.
Increased portion sizes
Why do women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men?
Women have essential fat deposited in gender-specific sites.
Regualr physical activity and exercise have no effect on many of the destructive effects of obesity.
False
People who are significantly overweight should seek the help of a physician n setting body composition goals.
True
Which statement about skin-fold measurements is true?
They are a practical way to assess body composition.
Which factor can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes?
Age
What is the approximate percentage of Americans classified as obese?
30%
Which guideline should you keep in mind when working with children?
Ensure proper hydration and clothing.
Which strategy can help you maintain an exercise program?
Keeping an exercise journal
Non-weight-bearing exercises such as swimming are safe for pregnant women.
True
Physical fitness assessment tests can help a person decide which types of exercise to emphasize in an exercise program.
True
A goal of 60 minutes of moderate activity per dat is appropriate for children and teens.
True
Which term refers to an exercise program in which a person varies his or her activities to develop balanced, total-body fitness
Cross-training
Normal daily physical activity is an important way to increase overall wellness.
True
What is an appropriate frequency for a cardiorespiratory endurance program?
3 to 5 times per week
Which activities develop cardiorespiratory endurance?
Activities that involve continuous rhythmic movements of large-muscle groups
Current fitness level does not affect the selection of appropriate exercise activities.
False
Which is an appropriate exercise guideline for older adults?
Include resistance, endurance and flexibility training
Varying the activities in an exercise program will decrease the chances of a person staying with the program.
False
Reaching mini-goals is not as satisfying as working towards larger goals.
False
While you’re exercising, it is important to stay hydrated wit sugary juices or sodas.
False
What should be the focus of exercise for children under 12 years of age?
Skill development
What type of fiber slows the movement of glucose into the blood after eating and reduces the absorption of cholesterol?
Soluble fiber
Vegans have the most difficulty in obtaining an adequate intake of which substance?
Vitamin B-12
Food fats are composed of both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids.
True
Which of the following describes the current science related to saturated fat consumption and coronary heart disease.
The science is mixed, but for other health reasons it is wise to limit saturated fat intake.
Carbs consumed in excess of dietary needs can be stored in the body as fat.
False
What is a characteristic of refined carbohydrates?
They are lower in fiber and vitamins than unrefined carbohydrates.
The FDA tests dietary supplements for purity and potency.
False
Foods from plant sources usually provide which type of protein?
Incomplete
What is the primary source of calcium in the diet?
Dairy products
Both microwave popcorn and coffee creamers contain trans fat.
True
Athletes should follow a dies with 60 to 65% of calories coming from protein.
True
The Food and Nutrition Board recommends that protein intake should be 45% to 65% of total daily calories.
False
What is the primary function of vitamins?
Help chemical reactions take place
What percentage of total daily calories should come from protein?
10-35%
What is good advice for a vegetarian?
Eat a variety of plant sources of protein.
What is energy density?
The number of calories per ounce or gram of eight in food.
Which characterized bulimia nervosa?
Alternating binge eating and purging through vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics.
Most over-the-counter diet aids contain fiber contribute about a half a day’s recommended dietary fiber intake.
False
Incidence o overweight is related to excessive screen time.
True
What is the best was to control one’s body weight?
Balance the calories consumed wth calories expended.
How much daily physical activity do experts recommend for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?
60 or more minutes
What percentage of weight loss is enough to reduce health risks and increase life expectance i obese individuals?
5-10%
A history of weight loss reduces metabolic rate.
True
Which element in the energy balance equation is under individual control?
Energy intake from food.
What defines resting metabolic rate?
The energy required to maintain vital body functions.
The best predictor of maintaining weight loss after a commercial weight-loss program is regular exercise.
True
Which term refers to the situation in which you burn more calories than you consume?
Negative energy balance
The body mass index for an adult 6ft tall (1.8m) and weighing 176lbs (80kg) is
24.69
According to the National Institute of Health, what percentage of American adults are overweight?
69%
Which is the largest component of metabolism?
Resting metabolism

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