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Information Systems Chapter 5

Software that organizes, manages, and processes business data, such as data concerned with inventory, customers, and vendors, is called:
data management software
Software that manages the resources of the computer is called:
system software
Software used to apply the computer to a specific task for an end user is called:
application software
Legacy systems are still in use today because:
they are too expensive to redesign.
What would be a reason for using a workstation rather than a personal computer?
When you need more powerful computational abilities
Which of the following types of computer is used for weather forecasting?
Supercomputer
Connecting geographically remote computers in a single network to create a “virtual supercomputer” is called:
grid computing
The use of multiple computers linked by a communications network for processing is called:
distributed processing
The business case for using grid computing involves all of the following except:
centralized maintenance
In client/server computing, the client is:
the computer that acts as the user point of entry
In client/server computing, the server
Stores and processes shared data and performs network management activities
In a multitiered network:
the work of the entire network is balanced over several levels of servers.
A client computer networked to a server computer, with processing split between the two types of machines, is called a(n) ________ architecture.
two-tiered client/server
The primary storage technologies are:
storage networks (connect multiple storage devices on a separate high-speed network dedicated to storage), magnetic tape, magnetic disk, and optical disk.
Which of the following is a type of optical disk storage?
CD-rom
Which of the following storage technology stores data sequentially?
Magnetic tape
A high-speed network dedicated to storage that connects different kinds of storage devices, such as tape libraries and disk arrays so they can be shared by multiple servers, best describes:
SAN (Storage Area Networks)
What type of device gathers data and converts them into electronic form for use by the computer?
input devices
Which device displays data after its processed
Output devices
Which of the following is a device used to collect data directly from the environment for input into a computer system?
sensor
Which of the following is not a type of output device?
keyboard
Which of the following statements is not true about cloud computing?
It removes the concern about data and systems security for businesses.
Purchasing computing power from a central computing service and paying only for the amount of computing power used is commonly referred to as:
utility computing
An example of autonomic computing is:
virus protection software that runs and updates itself automatically.
An industry-wide effort to develop systems that can configure, optimize, tune, and heal themselves when broken, and protect themselves from outside intruders and self-destruction is called:
autonomic computing
Which of the following types of computer would you use to support a computer network?
server
The interactive, multiuser operating system developed by Bell Laboratories in 1969 to be highly supportive of communications and networking is:
unix
virtualization
can boost server utilization rates to 70% or higher.
Which of the following is not one of the most important four programming languages for business?
java
Linux is:
an example of open-source software.
Linux plays a major role in supporting business information systems, and has garnered about ________ of the U.S. server market.
25 percent
Languages that enable a user to make requests using conversational commands resembling human speech are called:
natural languages
A report generator is a type of:
4th generation language
Microsoft Word is an example of:
word-processing software
Two categories of fourth-generation languages are:
graphics language and application software package
Microsoft Excel is an example of:
spreadsheet software
Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software?
desktop publishing software
The main challenge coming to Microsoft’s Office software suite will be:
Web-based productivity software such as Google Apps.
A software suite:
includes full-featured versions of application software bundled as a unit.
Running a Java program on a computer requires:
a Java virtual machine to be installed on the computer.
According to your reading of the chapter opening case, which new hardware technology did BART utilize to more closely match its computing power and storage capacities to its real needs?
grid computing
What is the foundation technology for Web services?
XML
Web Services
Software components that exchange information with one another using universal web communication standards and languages
HTML vs HTML 5
HTML : Page description language for specifying how elements are placed on a web page for creating links to other pages and objects

HTML 5: new evolution of HTML, enables multimedia embedding without 3rd party add-ons such as flash

A set of self-contained services that communicate with each other to create a working software application is called:
SOA (service oriented architecture)
ChicagoCrime.org, which combines Google Maps with crime data for the city of Chicago, is an example of:
a mashup
________ describes the efforts of companies to reduce the power and cooling costs of maintaining their technology assets.
green computing
Software applications that combine different online software applications are referred to as:
mashups
All of the following place strain on system capacity, except for:
minimized response time for transaction processing.
Which of the following refers to the ability of a computer, product, or system to expand to serve a larger number of users without breaking down?
scalability
To analyze the direct and indirect costs and determine the actual cost of specific technology implementations, you would use a:
total cost of ownership model. (TCO)
The contracting of custom software development to outside firms is commonly referred to as:
outsourcing
In order to manage their relationship with an outsourcer or technology service provider, firms need a contract that includes a(n):
SLA (service level agreement)
In co-location, a firm:
purchases and owns their Web server but locates the server in the physical facility of a hosting service.
The floppy disk used by earlier generation PCs for portable storage has now been largely replaced by:
flash drives
A(n) ________ allows users to interact with a computer by using several fingers to perform gestures without using a mouse or keyboard.
multitouch interface
________ is free software created and updated by a worldwide community of programmers.
open-source software
________ is an operating system-independent, processor-independent, object-oriented programming language that has become a leading interactive programming environment for the Web.
Java
operating system software
controls computer activities
IT infrastructure
Provides platform for supporting all information systems in the business
Servers
Support computer network, sharing files and resources
Mainframes
Large capacity, high performance computer that can process large amounts of data very rapidly. Ex. Airline mainframes handle thousands of reservations per second
Supercomputer
More sophisticated computer used for tasks requiring extremely rapid and complex calculations with thousands of variables and millions of measurements
nanotechnology
Uses individual atoms and molecules to create computer chips and other devices thousands of times smaller than current technologies
Quantum computing
Uses principles of quantum physics to represent data and perform operations on the data
Capacity planning
Process of predicting when hardware system becomes saturated

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