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Information Technology Project Management 8th – Chapter 5

analogy approach
Creating a WBS by using a similar project’s WBS as a starting point
benchmarking
Generating ideas by comparing specific project practices or product characteristics to those of other projects or products inside or outside the performing organization
bottom-up approach
Creating a WBS by having team members identify as many specific tasks related to the project as possible and then grouping them into higher-level categories
decomposition
Subdividing project deliverables into smaller pieces
deliverable
product, such as a report or segment of software code, produced as part of a project
Joint Application Design (JAD)
Using highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders—the sponsor, users, business analysts, programmers, and so on—to jointly define and design information systems
project scope management
The processes involved in defining and controlling what work is or is not included in a project
project scope statement
A document that includes at least a description of the project, including its overall objectives and justification, detailed descriptions of all project deliverables, and the characteristics and requirements of products and services produced as part of the project
prototyping
Developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of it to help define user requirements
requirement
A condition or capability that must be met by the project or that must be present in the product, service, or result to satisfy an agreement or other formally imposed specification
requirements management plan
A plan that describes how project requirements will be
analyzed, documented, and managed
requirements traceability matrix (RTM)
A table that lists requirements, their various attributes,
and the status of the requirements to ensure that all are addressed
scope
All the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used tocreate them
scope baseline
The approved project scope statement and its associated WBS and WBS dictionary
scope creep
The tendency for project scope to keep getting bigger
scope validation
Formal acceptance of the completed project deliverables
top-down approach
Creating a WBS by starting with the largest items of the project and breaking them into subordinate items
use case modeling
A process for identifying and modeling business events, who initiated them, and how the system should respond to them
variance
The difference between planned and actual performance
WBS dictionary
document that includes detailed information about each WBS item
work breakdown structure (WBS)
A deliverable-oriented grouping of the work involved in a
project that defines its total scope
work package
A task at the lowest level of the WBS

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