There are a number of perspectives that have dominated international relation studies and among these are realism and constructivism and though both perspectives present effective arguments to support them, there is a need to recognize limitations of either approach. The significance of international organizations has grown in consideration of the pace of globalization today and therefore the need to develop insights to the effectivity of perspectives used in the development of these organizations.
International organization are seen not only as a means to develop international cooperation but more importantly, as a means to develop competencies for global competition. However there has been critique that both perspectives neither are unable to neither account for the realities of international relations today nor accommodate developments in the field.
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the shortcomings of realism and constructivism in the context of the operations and role of international relations today. The assessment will be made based on the studies of the lack of success of international organization and the conflicts that have developed from their establishment.