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Intro to Fitness Management Ch 12

Public assembly facilities have existed since

A. the early 1900s.
B. the invention of baseball in the Elysian fields of the 1840s.
C. ancient times.
D. medieval times.

C. Ancient Times
All of the following were publicly financed stadiums efficiently built with the intention of housing both a football team and a baseball team except

A. Veterans Stadium (Philadelphia).
B. Meadowlands (Northern New Jersey).
C. Three Rivers Stadium (Pittsburgh).
D. Riverfront Stadium (Cincinnati).

B. Meadowlands (Northern New Jersey)
Modern arenas and stadiums have directly helped owners to maximize revenues through all of the following except

A. preferred seating.
B. parking.
C. modernized locker rooms.
D. additional sponsorship opportunities.

C. Modernized locker rooms
______ are indoor facilities with the primary purpose of hosting sporting and entertainment events.

A. Stadiums
B. Theaters
C. Convention centers
D. Arenas

D. Arenas
______ are outdoor or domed facilities built with the intention of housing sporting and entertainment events.

A. Stadiums
B. Theaters
C. Convention centers
D. Arenas

A. Stadiums
______ are almost always publicly owned facilities built to lure business meetings to a municipality.

A. Stadiums
B. Theaters
C. Convention centers
D. Arenas

C. Convention centers
______ are public assembly facilities primarily utilized for the presentation of live artistic entertainment.

A. Stadiums
B. Theaters
C. Convention centers
D. Arenas

B. Theaters
The main nonsport events for stadiums are

A. political conventions.
B. arts and crafts shows.
C. the circus.
D. concerts given by performers.

D. concerts given by performers.
The difference between the economic impact upon a municipality by a convention center as opposed to a stadium or arena built for housing sporting events is

A. business events lead to higher spending.
B. sporting events lead to higher spending.
C. the increased presence of visitor spending within a municipality.
D. visitors receive the benefits of a convention center.

C. the increased presence of visitor spending within a municipality.
All of the following are reasons for a municipality to subsidize stadium/arena construction except

A. economic benefits.
B. civic pride and community spirit.
C. public relations boost of being “major league city.”
D. improved quality of life in city.

A. economic benefits
The money to build facilities is usually obtained through

A. bonds.
B. taxes.
C. corporate investment.
D. facility revenues.

A. bonds
All of the following are major advantages to private management of public assembly facilities except

A. easier event booking.
B. operational efficiencies.
C. better sport team performance.
D. labor negotiation resources.

C. better sport team performance
______ act primarily as in-house advertising agents for the various events booked into facilities.

A. Public relations directors
B. Event directors
C. Booking directors
D. Marketing directors

D. Marketing directors
The _____ acts as the point person for the facility in managing each game or show.

A. public relations director
B. event director
C. marketing director
D. operations director

B. event director
The ______ is responsible for landing and scheduling events for a facility.

A. public relations director
B. event director
C. booking director
D. marketing director

C. booking director
All of the following are part of a crowd management plan except
A. using security personnel and ushers.
B. knowing the location of and route to the nearest hospitals.
C. categorizing the type of event.
D. having an emergency plan.
B. knowing the location of and route tot he nearest hospitals
According to Reed (2014), 70% of the capital cost of NFL stadiums is being provided by taxpayers.
True/False
True
The trend over the past two decades has been single-purpose stadiums.
True
Recently built facilities have been self-financing in terms of their impact on net tax revenues.
True
Baseball and football have more compatible sightlines than do hockey and basketball.
False
Team owners have remained content with the multi-use stadiums built for them by municipalities during the 1960s.
False
Similar to a sports stadium or arena, one of the soundest arguments for public subsidies of construction of convention centers is an increased quality of life provided for local citizens.
True
Recent publicly financed sports facilities have proven to earn great return on investment.
False
Following the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), if a facility renovates, the whole facility must be brought into compliance with the act.
False
Public facilities, such as convention centers, stadiums, and arenas, consume more energy per square foot than any other retail industry.
True
The intent of the ADA is to prevent discrimination against qualified people with disabilities in employment, public services, transportation, public accommodations, and telecommunications services.
True

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