Introduction to Motivation
It has been observed that an erroneous attitude was confronted by the employees who were handled like any other inputs that were used in different processes of fabrication some decades ago. This old myth was changed through research done by different people and organizations. In the year 1973, it was indicated by Dickson that the money was not the only obsession of the employees, and attitudes of the employer were quite responsible for the behavior of employees. (Dickson, 1973)
In this regard, it is very important the true factors of motivation should be understood by the supervisors that may bring some change in the employees, as productivity is greatly influenced by the motivation in the companies. To reach at their peak at give performance at their best. Moreover, it is also important that different strategies should be employed for the better understanding of employee behavior during the motivation procedure by the employers, as different jobs result in the demonstration of different responses by the employees.
Motivation is a process that moves an employee towards his/her goal. Thus we can say that motivation are the voluntarily choices which a motivator gives to an employee in order to expect the best performance and productivity. Factors that affect motivation are job attributes, and the organizational behaviors. Job characteristics are the aspects of the work that tells its limitations and challenges and organizational behaviors are the policies, environment, and managerial practices and certain incentives rewarded to the employees.
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Supervisors must think how these factors work together to influence employee job routine. The simple model of self-motivation tells us that, the purpose of behavior is to satisfy needs. A need is considered as a thing, which is required, desired or simply necessary. A want is an aware appreciation of need. The concept of need arises when there is a question of how I see myself. And how I see the world around me? The occurrence of an active need is spoken as an internal condition of nervousness from which the person seeks release.
Motivation has been presented in the shape of the abovementioned simple model. Motivation can therefore be considered as the measure to which an individual needs AND chooses to connect in convinced behaviors. For instance, inspiration of studies of an individual can be measurable by a number of questions that have been considered below: In this regard, a number of reasons can be considered during the measuring of motivation. For instance, the needs that have resulted in the feeling of study and other reasons can be considered.