An investment bank or investment bankers assist the corporate houses and the governments to raise resources from the national and international financial markets by issuance of new securities. Thus, they are important financial intermediaries. They developed during last several decades, continued to expand their role and activities in the financial field emerging as the focal points, in many cases, on an international scale, to provide a number of other financial services apart from the issuance of new issues.
In recent years investment banks have acquired many new functions and their traditional merchant banking role has changed largely. In spite of this, investment banks continue to largely depend on their original role to assist the corporate houses and the governments to raise money from the national and international financial markets. In the course of issuance of new securities, they perform certain other associated functions. Firstly, they render pre-issue and pre-underwriting consultancy to the corporate houses and the government concerned. Secondly, during this phase, they also provide consultancy services to the clients as regards the issue price and the timings to float the issue.
They may also advice the client company about the prospects as regards Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A) instead of issuance of
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Finally, over a period of last few years, investment banks have also acquired completely new roles like providing treasury services to corporate houses or dealings in forex markets. The financial markets have changed over last few decades, and investment banks have also changed with the changing requirements of their clients.