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IQ and EQ

Man has been differentiated from all other creatures because of his consciousness. Out of all the creatures that exist, man is unique in the sense that there are some dimensions in his behavioral patterns that are not accounted for in other living things. A good example is the human mind which is so complex that scholars still find it hard to understand or explain some of its extensions. Intelligence is another subset of the human man that has defied a universal definition.

Generally, intelligence is the part of the human mind that controls/determine one’s reasoning, .personality and character, wisdom, learning ability, linguistic comprehension and information processing. However, due to its broadness, intelligence cannot have a singular definition. For many years though, intelligence has been seen only as related to the IQ. This sees intelligence as a way of determining a man’s logical aptitude, his linguistic comprehensions and mathematical proficiency. In recent years, psychologists have pointed out that although this aspect of human mind is necessary, defining intelligence only in reference to IQ is an enterprise that restricts the activities of the mind. Essentially, there are other aspects of the intelligence that are not explained by IQ. This has led to the

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development of the EQ (Emotional Intelligence). Emotional intelligence measures the ability of the human mind to determine a man’s ability to maintain self-control, trustworthiness, creative ability and human adaptability to certain situations.

Making an exposition into the difference between the IQ and EQ, I would give an example of Albert Einstein and Martin Heidegger. These people have high intelligence and they were able to employ it in their academic field of study. They were regarded as geniuses but Heidegger for instance could be said to lack adaptability considering the way he took his predicaments. On the other hand, someone like Henry Ford can not be said to possess a great deal of intelligence but he leveraged on his EQ and he was a successful business man and organizational leader.


Perloff, R.; Sternberg, R.J.; Urbina, S. (1996). “Intelligence: knowns and unknowns”. American Psychologist
Ree, M.J.; Earles, J.A. (1992). “Intelligence Is the Best Predictor of Job Performance”. Current Directions in Psychological Science 1 (3): 86–89.
Glick (1975) reported in Resnick, L. (1976). The Nature of Intelligence. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


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