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IT infrastructure technology is the set of physical devices required to operate the entire enterprise
Today, most system and application software is custom built by in-house programmers
Systems integration means ensuring the legacy systems work with new elements of the infrastructure
A mainframe is a type of legacy workstation
Client/server computing is the most widely used form of centralized processing
Application server software is responsible for locating and managing stored Web pages
Using an online storage service such as DropBox is a type of virtualization
In cloud computing, rapid elasticity refers to the ability of computing resources to be quickly altered to meet demand
A private cloud is operated by a single organization but may be managed by a third party and be located off premises
A computer language translation program is an example of system software
Hypertext markup language specifies how text, graphics, video, and sound are placed on a document
HTML5 is the latest evolution of HTML, and is designed to make it much easier to embed third-party add-ons, such as Flash animations, in web pages
Web services can exchange information between two different systems regardless of the operating system or programming languages on which the systems are based
XML is limited to describing how data should be presented in the form of Web pages; HTML can perform presentation, communication, and storage of data.
The collection of Web services that are used to build a firm’s software systems constitutes what is known as a service-oriented architecture
SaaS providers deliver and provide Web-based, remote access to storage
Allowing departments to make their own software and hardware purchases increases efficiency and minimizes the need for centralized support
Total cost of ownership components include costs for downtime, training, and support
One of the main benefits of moving to mobile business computing platforms is the dramatically lower costs of hardware.
Software localization refers to the entire process of converting software to operate in a second language.
Hybrid cloud
In a(n) ________ computing model, companies use their own infrastructure for essential computing tasks and adopt public cloud computing for less critical operations or additional processing during peak business periods.
system software
Software that manages the resources of the computer is called
Application software
Software used to apply the computer to a specific task for an end user is called
data management software
Software that organizes, manages, and processes business data, such as data concerned with inventory, customers, and vendors, is called
they are too expensive to redesign
Legacy systems are still in use today because
When you need more powerful computational abilities
What would be a reason for using a workstation rather than a personal computer
Which of the following types of computer would you use to support a computer network
Which of the following types of computer is used for weather forecasting
Grid computing
Connecting geographically remote computers in a single network to create a “virtual supercomputer” is called:
distributed processing
The use of multiple computers linked by a communications network for processing is called
centralized maintenance
The business case for using grid computing involves all of the following except
the computer that acts as the user point of entry
In client/server computing, the client is
the work of the entire network is balanced over several levels of servers
In a multitiered network:
two-tiered client/server
A client computer networked to a server computer, with processing split between the two types of machines, is called a(n) ________ architecture.
storage networks, magnetic tape, magnetic disk, and optical disk
The primary storage technologies are
Which of the following is a type of optical disk storage?
Magnetic tape
Which of the following storage technology stores data sequentially?
A high-speed network dedicated to storage that connects different kinds of storage devices, such as tape libraries and disk arrays so they can be shared by multiple servers, best describes
Input device
What type of device gathers data and converts them into electronic form for use by the computer
Which of the following devices collects data directly from the environment for input into a computer system?
Which of the following is not a type of output device
can boost server utilization rates to 70% or higher
It removes the concern about data and systems security for businesses
Which of the following statements is not true about cloud computing
utility computing
Purchasing computing power from a central computing service and paying only for the amount of computing power used is commonly referred to as:
green computing
________ describes the practices and technologies used minimize the environmental effects of manufacturing and managing computing devices
virus protection software that runs and updates itself automatically.
An example of autonomic computing is
autonomic computing
An industry-wide effort to develop systems that can configure, optimize, tune, and heal themselves when broken, and protect themselves from outside intruders and self-destruction is called
The interactive, multiuser operating system developed by Bell Laboratories in 1969 to be highly supportive of communications and networking is
an example of open-source software
Linux is:
25 percent
Linux plays a major role in supporting business information systems, and has garnered about ________ of the U.S. server market.
Which of the following is not one of the most important programming languages for business?
Web services
The toy manufacturer you work for wants to exchange data with a chain of toy stores in order to improve their distribution and speed to market. The toy stores use different software than your firm. Which of the following tools or technologies presents the best solution?
require the user to have an online connection.
data management software
Microsoft Word is an example of:
is a Windows-like operating system
spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel is an example of
Desktop publishing software
Which type of software provides more control over text and graphic placement in the layout of a page than word processing software
Web-based productivity software such as Google Apps
The main challenge coming to Microsoft’s Office software suite will be
includes full-featured versions of application software bundled as a unit
A software suite
a Java Virtual Machine to be installed on the computer
Running a Java program on a computer requires
What is the foundation technology for Web services
A set of self-contained services that communicate with each other to create a working software application is called
A mashup
ChicagoCrime.org, which combines Google Maps with crime data for the city of Chicago, is an example of:
Software applications that combine different components of online software applications are referred to as
minimized response time for transaction processing
All of the following place strain on system capacity, except for:
Which of the following refers to the ability of a computer, product, or system to expand to serve a larger number of users without breaking down
total cost of ownership model
To analyze the direct and indirect costs and determine the actual cost of specific technology implementations, you would use a
software localization
Translating software to different languages is commonly referred to as
In order to manage their relationship with an outsourcer or technology service provider, firms need a contract that includes a(n)
purchases and owns their Web server but locates the server in the physical facility of a hosting service
In co-location, a firm
Which of the following is an open-source operating system designed for mobile devices
Nanotechnology uses individual atoms and molecules to create computer chips and other devices that are thousands of times smaller than current technologies permit
multitouch interface
A(n) ________ allows users to interact with a computer by using several fingers to perform gestures without using a mouse or keyboard
A software package for a mainframe usually requires a programmer to install it
________ is an operating system-independent, processor-independent, object-oriented programming language that has become a leading interactive programming environment for the Web.
Web browsers are the primary interface for accessing the Internet
XML provides a standard format for data exchange, enabling Web services to pass data from one process to another.
open source software
________ is free software created and updated by a worldwide community of programmers
capacity planning
You use ________ to predict when a computer hardware system becomes saturated
An SaaS provider maintains a large Web server, or series of servers, and provides fee-paying subscribers with space to maintain their Web sites.

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