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ISDS ch1

At Hard Rock Cafe?, tasks that reflect operations or operations management include:

a. designing meals
b. testing meals (recipes)
c. analyzing meals for the cost of ingredients
d. preparing employee schedules
e. all of the above

E
An operations task performed at Hard Rock Cafe? is
a. borrowing funds to build a new restaurant
b. advertising changes in the restaurant menu
c. calculating restaurant profit and loss
d. preparing employee schedules
e. all of the above
D
Operations management is applicable
a. mostly to the service sector
b. to services exclusively
c. mostly to the manufacturing sector d. to all firms, whether manufacturing and service
e. to the manufacturing sector exclusively
D
Which of the following are the primary functions of all organizations?
a. operations, marketing, and human resources
b. marketing, human resources, and finance/accounting
c. sales, quality control, and operations
d. marketing, operations, and finance/accounting
e. research and development, finance/accounting, and purchasing
D
Budgeting, paying the bills, and collection of funds are activities associated with the
a. management function
b. control function
c. finance/accounting function
d. production/operations function
e. staffing function
C
Which of the following would not be an operations function in a fast-food restaurant?
a. advertising and promotion
b. designing the layout of the facility c. maintaining equipment
d. making hamburgers and fries e. purchasing ingredients
A
The marketing function’s main concern is with
a. producing goods or providing services
b. procuring materials, supplies, and equipment
c. building and maintaining a positive image
d. generating the demand for the organization’s products or services
e. securing monetary resources
D
Reasons to study Operations Management include
a. studying why people organize themselves for free enterprise
b. knowing how goods and services are consumed
c. understanding what human resource managers do
d. learning about a costly part of the enterprise
e. all of the above
D
Reasons to study Operations Management include learning about
a. why people organize themselves for productive enterprise
b. how goods and services are produced
c. what operations managers do
d. a costly part of the enterprise
e. all of the above
E
The five elements in the management process are
a. plan, direct, update, lead, and supervise
b. accounting/finance, marketing, operations, and management
c. organize, plan, control, staff, and manage
d. plan, organize, staff, lead, and control e. plan, lead, organize, manage, and control
D
Illiteracy and poor diets have been known to cost countries up to what percent of their productivity?
a. 2%
b. 5%
c. 10%
d. 20%
e. 50%
D
Which of the following is not an element of the management process?
a. controlling
b. leading
c. planning
d. pricing
e. staffing
D
An operations manager is not likely to be involved in
a. the design of goods and services to satisfy customers’ wants and needs
b. the quality of goods and services to satisfy customers’ wants and needs
c. the identification of customers’ wants and needs
d. work scheduling to meet the due dates promised to customers
e. maintenance schedules
C
All of the following decisions fall within the scope of operations management except for
a. financial analysis
b. design of goods and processes
c. location of facilities
d. managing quality
e. All of the above fall within the scope of operations management.
A
The Ten Critical Decisions of Operations Management include
a. Layout strategy
b. Maintenance
c. Process and capacity design
d. Managing quality
e. all of the above
E
Which of the following is not one of The Ten Critical Decisions of Operations Management?
a. Layout strategy
b. Maintenance
c. Process and capacity design
d. Mass customization
e. Supply chain management
D
The Ten Critical Decisions of Operations Management include
a. Finance/accounting
b. Advertising
c. Process and capacity design
d. Pricing
e. all of the above
C
Walter Shewhart is listed among the important people of operations management because of his contributions to
a. assembly line production
b. measuring the productivity in the service sector
c. just-in-time inventory methods
d. statistical quality control
e. all of the above
D
Walter Shewhart, in the _____, provided the foundations for ______ in operations management.
a. 1920s; statistical sampling
b. United Kingdom; mass production c. U.S. Army; logistics
d. nineteenth century; interchangeable parts
e. none of the above
A
Eli Whitney, in the _____, provided the foundations for ______ in operations management.
a. 1920s; statistical sampling
b. United Kingdom; mass production c. U.S. Army; logistics
d. nineteenth century; interchangeable parts
e. none of the above
D
The person most responsible for popularizing interchangeable parts in manufacturing was
a. Frederick Winslow Taylor
b. Henry Ford
c. Eli Whitney
d. Whitney Houston
e. Lillian Gilbreth
C
The “Father of Scientific Management” is a. Henry Ford
b. Frederick W. Taylor
c. W. Edwards Deming
d. Frank Gilbreth
e. just a figure of speech, not a reference to a person
B
Henry Ford is noted for his contributions to
a. standardization of parts
b. statistical quality control
c. assembly line operations
d. scientific management
e. time and motion studies
C
Who among the following is associated with contributions to quality control in operations management?
a. Charles Babbage
b. Henry Ford
c. Frank Gilbreth
d. W. Edwards Deming
e. Henri Fayol
D
The field of operations management is shaped by advances in which of the following fields?
a. chemistry and physics
b. industrial engineering and management science
c. biology and anatomy
d. information technology
e. all of the above
E
Which of the following statements is true?
a. Almost all services and almost all goods are a mixture of a service and a tangible product.
b. A pure good has no tangible product component.
c. A pure service has only a tangible product component.
d. There is no such thing as a pure good.
e. None of the above is a true statement.
A
Which of the following statements is true?
a. The person most responsible for initiating use of interchangeable parts in manufacturing was
Eli Whitney.
b. The origins of management by exception are generally credited to Frederick W. Taylor.
c. The person most responsible for initiating use of interchangeable parts in manufacturing was
Walter Shewhart.
d. The origins of the scientific management movement are generally credited to Henry Ford.
e. The person most responsible for initiating use of interchangeable parts in manufacturing was
Henry Ford.
A
The service industry makes up approximately what percentage of all jobs in the United States?
a. 12%
b. 40%
c. 66%
d. 79%
e. 90%
D
Typical differences between goods and services do not include
a. cost per unit
b. ability to inventory items
c. timing of production and consumption
d. customer interaction
e. knowledge content
A
Which is not true regarding differences between goods and services?
a. Services are generally produced and consumed simultaneously; tangible goods are not.
b. Services tend to be more knowledge-based than products.
c. Services tend to have a more inconsistent product definition than goods.
d. Goods tend to have higher customer interaction than services.
e. None of the above is true.
D
Which of the following is not a typical attribute of goods?
a. output can be inventoried
b. often easy to automate
c. aspects of quality difficult to measure
d. output can be resold
e. production and consumption are separate
C
Which of the following services is least likely to be unique, i.e., customized to a particular individual’s needs?
a. dental care
b. hairdressing
c. legal services
d. elementary education
e. computer consulting
D
Which of the following is not a typical service attribute?
a. intangible product
b. easy to store
c. customer interaction is high
d. simultaneous production and consumption
e. difficult to resell
B
Which of the following statements concerning growth of services is true?
a. Services now constitute the largest economic sector in postindustrial societies.
b. The number of people employed in manufacturing has more or less held steady since 1950.
c. Each manufacturing employee now produces about 20 times more than in 1950
d. All of the above are true.
e. None of the above is true.
D
Current trends in operations management include all of the following except
a. just-in-time performance
b. rapid product development
c. mass customization
d. empowered employees
e. All of the above are current trends.
E
Which of the following is not a current trend in operations management?
a. just-in-time performance
b. global focus
c. supply chain partnering
d. mass customization
e. All of the above are current trends.
E
One new trend in operations management is
a. global focus
b. mass customization
c. empowered employees
d. rapid product development
e. All of the above are new trends in operations management.
E
Which of the following statements about trends in operations management is false?
a. Job specialization is giving way to empowered employees.
b. Local or national focus is giving way to global focus.
c. Environmentally-sensitive production is giving way to low-cost focus.
d. Rapid product development is partly the result of shorter product cycles.
e. All of the above statements are true.
C
A foundry produces circular utility access hatches (manhole covers). If 120 covers are produced in a 10-hour shift, the productivity of the line is
a. 1.2 covers/hr
b. 2 covers/hr
c. 12 covers/hr
d. 1200 covers/hr
e. none of the above
C
A foundry produces circular utility access hatches (manhole covers). Currently, 120 covers are produced in a 10-hour shift. If labor productivity can be increased by 20%, it would then be
a. 14.4 covers/hr
b. 24 covers/hr
c. 240 valves/hr
d. 1200 covers/hr
e. none of the above
A
Gibson Valves produces cast bronze valves on an assembly line. If 1600 valves are produced in an 8-hour shift, the productivity of the line is
a. 2 valves/hr
b. 40 valves/hr
c. 80 valves/hr
d. 200 valves/hr
e. 1600 valves/hr
D
Gibson Valves produces cast bronze valves on an assembly line, currently producing 1600 valves each 8-hour shift. If the productivity is increased by 10%, it would then be
a. 180 valves/hr
b. 200 valves/hr
c. 220 valves/hr
d. 880 valves/hr
e. 1760 valves/hr
C
Gibson Valves produces cast bronze valves on an assembly line, currently producing 1600 valves per shift. If the production is increased to 2000 valves per shift, labor productivity will increase by
a. 10%
b. 20%
c. 25%
d. 40%
e. 50%
C
The Dulac Box plant produces 500 cypress packing boxes in two 10-hour shifts. What is the productivity of the plant?
a. 25 boxes/hr
b. 50 boxes/hr
c. 5000 boxes/hr
d. none of the above
e. not enough data to determine productivity
A
The Dulac Box plant works two 8-hour shifts each day. In the past, 500 cypress packing boxes were produced by the end of each day. The use of new technology has enabled them to increase productivity by 30%. Productivity is now approximately
a. 32.5 boxes/hr
b. 40.6 boxes/hr
c. 62.5 boxes/hr
d. 81.25 boxes/hr
e. 300 boxes/hr
B

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