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ITIS-3300 Software Requirements and Project Management

Until the 1980s, project management primarily focused on providing schedule and resource data to top management in the military, computer, and construction industries.
True
Every project should have a well-defined objective
True
Resources in a project should be used effectively because they are limited
True
Opponents of a project do not belong to the category of stakeholders
False
The primary role of a project stakeholder management is to ensure that the project will satisfy the stated needs for which it was undertaken
False
Stakeholder analyses, work requests, and project charters are tools used in integration management
True
Responsibility assignment matrices and project organization charts are examples of tools used in procurement management.
False
Good project managers assume that their definition of success is the same as the sponsors
False
Effective program managers recognize that managing a project is much more complex than managing a program
False
Individual projects always address strategic goals whereas portfolio management addresses tactical goals
False
It is mandatory for project managers work on large information technology projects to be experts in the field of information technology.
False
The introduction of new software makes basic tools, such as Gantt charts and network diagrams, inexpensive and easy to create.
True
The enterprise project management software, which aids project and portfolio management, is a low-end tool
False
To be a successful manager, the only skills an IT project manager needs to possess is excellent technical skills.
False
Program managers are change agents
True
Project managers work with the project sponsors to define success for particular projects.
True
Maturity models, statistical methods, and test plans are examples of tools use in quality management
True
In order to be realist, a project manager should always set discrete goals instead of a range of objectives
False
Questions about how a team will track schedule performance is related to a project’s scope.
False
According to a 2013 CHAOS study, user involvement is the most important factor that contributes to the success of IT projects
False
Project managers should lead projects in isolation in order to truly serve the needs of the organization
False
Using a systems approach is critical to successful project management
True
When you separate business and organizational issues from project management planning, you do a better job of ensuring project success.
False
Most colleges and universities have very strong functional organizations
True
Project managers in matrix organizations have staff from various functional areas working on their projects.
True
The project organizational structure is the most efficient choice for most IT projects
False
The same organization can have different subcultures
True
An organizational culture with strong unit integration makes the project manager’s job more difficult
False
Project work is most successful in a organizational culture where activities are organized around individuals
False
Internal stakeholders include groups affected by the project such as government officials or concerned citizens
False
Project managers must take adequate time to identify, understand, and manage relationships with all project stakeholders
True
Project managers must have cooperation from people in other parts of the organization
True
Standards and guidelines to follow when performing project management must be devised by top management
True
The Adaptive Software Development (ASD) life cycle model assumes that software development follows an adaptive approach because the requirements cannot be clearly expressed early in the life cycle
True
An organization usually commits more money as a project continues, therefore a management review should occur after each phase to evaluate progress, potential success, and continued compatibility with organizational goals
True
The team members of a virtual team are all of the same nationality
False
Leadership style has no impact on the success of virtual teams
False
The last phase of the traditional project life cycle is the implementation phase
False
It is much more expensive to make major changes to a project during the earlier phases
False
The best way to sustain a project is to withhold the required money, human resources, and visibility for the project
False
Decisions and actions taken in one knowledge aread at a certain time rarely affect other knowledge areas
False
Initiating processes are not required to end a project
False
Initiating and closing tasks are usually the longest and require the most amount of resources and time
False
The executing process group generally requires the most resources
True
Key outcomes of the executing process group are formal acceptance of the work and creation of closing documents
False
Many project management activities occur as part of the planning process group
True
The Rational unified Process (RUP) framework is incompatible with the PMBOK process
True
An organization’s project management plan expresses the vision, mission, goals, objectives and strategies of the organization
False
Identifying the project sponsor is a pre-intitation task
True
The kick-off meeting is always held before the business case and project charter are completed
False
A milestone list is an output associated with the Project Scope management knowledge area
False
The WBS provides a basis for creating the project schedule and performing earned value management for measuring and forecasting project performance
True
Project initiation involves taking the actions necessary to ensure that activities in the project plan are completed
False
The burndown chart is a Scrum created artifact that provides a list of features prioritized by business value
False
A sprint review is a meeting in which the team demonstrates to the product owner what it has complete during the sprint
True
The pre-initiation phase of a project using the Scrum method does not involve project charters, stakeholder management strategy, and kick-off meetings.
False
In the Scum method, team members work as a self-directed group coached by the ScumMaster
True
The two main items for monitoring and controlling in the Scrum framework are the daily Scrum and sprint retrospective
True
details of kick-off meetings and the stakeholder details are usually recorded in a Word document
True
The output of the stakeholder management strategy results is a project charter
False
Scope refers to all the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used to create them.
True
The scope management plan can be informal and broad or formal and detailed, based on the needs of the project.
True
Information from the project charter provides a basis for further defining the project scope.
True
The scope of a project is clear and specific from the start.
False
The project scope statement, stakeholder requirements documentation, and organizational process assets are the primary inputs for creating a WBS.
True
The scope baseline in a WBS consists of the requirements documentation and enterprise environmental factors.
False
The WBS is organized solely around project phases
False
A work package represents one component of the product that the project aims to deliver.
False
A work package must always represent less than 80 hours of work.
False
Given the project management software that is available, it is relatively easy to create a good WBS.
False
The executing tasks of the WBS remain constant from project to project.
False
Mind mapping allows people to write and even draw pictures of ideas in a nonlinear format.
True
A unit of work should appear at only one place in the WBS.
True
Scope creep if not managed well can lead to the failure of information technology projects.
True
The format of the WBS dictionary is essentially the same for all projects.
False
Given the project management software that is available, it is relatively easy to create a good WBS.
False
The project scope statement should reference supporting documents, such as product specifications that will affect what products are produced or purchased, or corporate policies, which might affect how products or services are produced.
True
Many information technology projects also require detailed functional and design specifications for developing software, which also should be referenced in the detailed scope statement.
True
Project scope statements must include the project boundaries, constraints, and assumptions.
False
The project’s size, complexity, importance, and other factors do not affect how much effort is spent on collecting requirements for scope planning.
False

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