Job Security and Immigration re: US, Spain vs. the EU, and Japan
The massive lay off workers in public and private organizations in 80s and 90s led to the demand of job security in the United States. During recessions of 80s and 90s, the millions of workers to lose their jobs, those that did not lose their jobs got their wages reduced, and many workers were working for longer hours with less pay. Meanwhile, in 80s and 90s, there was massive difference between the wages of high paid workers, medium paid workers and low paid workers. There was also deterioration of wages in men and women. (Lawrence).
Moreover, the standard of living of most working class Americans were greatly reduced, including the standard of living of their family and most Americans were unable to cope with financial emergencies caused by stagnant in income and falling of wages. Furthermore, between the same years, there was sharp decline in the wages of Male-white collar job, the wages of managers and technical workers greatly reduced. Thus to reduce job insecurity among worker (Lawrence) and real hardship which the lost of employment brought onto the workers and their family, there was an agitation for job security.
In 1988, the congress passed law which mandated employer to notify worker
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S style. In Germany, government enacted employment protection laws that restricted companies to lay off workers. Additionally, government introduced short-term unemployment insurance system, and there was also subsidise for early retirement. The dismissal laws made it an offence to German companies to lay off workers. Moreover, government introduced the unemployment insurance for workers and there was also subsidise for the workers that retire early. (Katharine)
In Holland, an employer can only lay off workers only with prior approval of director of regional of employment office. In Sweden, the employer must inform the employee before he can terminate his job appointment. TREND OF JOB SECURITY In United States and Europe in general, there is now job protection for employees and there are various laws that protect the rights of employees. Because of the laws protecting the workers, the employers cannot just layoff workers for unjust reasons.
(Alan, Hoyt) EFFECT JOB SECURITY ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS The law protecting the employees from unjust lay off has led to organizational success of most business organizations in USA and European countries as a whole. For example, there are employment growth in EU and US. More so, there is high increase in management performances and increase in job quality and workers now feel that they are part of organizational success.