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Lack/Hub US Govt Ch 18-19 Test Review

Interest Groups
Who supports candidates that are non-nominating?
NAM
A business related interest group
AFL-CIO
A group that lobbies for measures that benefit labor
Peer Group Belief
The set of values and beliefs about a nation and its government that most citizens share
Polls
A way of measuring public opinion
Libel
False, harmful written statements intended to damage a person’s reputation constitutes this.
Biased Sampling
Straw Polls
The Economy
What issue are labor and business-interest groups concerned with?
PAC’s
Are required by the Federal Election Campaign Act
A Universe
A group to be studied in a scientific poll
Random Sampling
The technique that provides an equal chance for everyone in the universe to be selected for a poll
Information
The lobbyist’s strongest weapon
Equal Time Doctrine
Requires stations to give equal airtime to candidates for public office.
News Release
A ready-made story prepared by government officials for the press
Electronic Media
Examples are radio, tv, and internet
The President
He is the major focus of the mass media
Peer Group
It is made up of an individual’s friends, church, synagogue, and work groups
Mass Media
has been called the “fourth branch” of the government
Cable Television
it greatly reduced the major television networks’ share of viewers
Representative Sample
It is a small group of people who are typical of the universe
News Briefings
This is when government officials make announcements
The First Amendment
protects the media, freedom of speech
Spot Advertisements
They are brief, frequent, positive descriptions of a candidate that air on radio and television
Classifying Information Secret
It is how the government maintains national security
Leak
the release of secret information by anonymous government officials
Interest groups
shapers of public policy
Reelection
goal of PAC supporting
Lobbyist’s tool
Information that supports a position
Federal Election Campaign Act
PAC regulator
Goal of foreign interest groups
Military and Economic Aid; Favorable trade agreements
Ralph Nader’s Public Citizen, Inc.
public interest group
Economy
concern of business interest groups
Representative Sample
typical of the universe
Mass Media
Fourth branch of the government
Sierra Club
environmentally related interest group
Council for a Livable World
Independent PAC
Interest group’s goal
To influence policy
Political Socialization
learned political beliefs
Interest Groups
Supporters, but not nominators, of candidates
Lobbying
the way interest groups influence government
Moderate
most Americans
Straw Poll
biased sample

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