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Management Essay

What are the roles and management skills does an effective manager need? Let me flirts define management and administration, according to Webster Administration is defined as the activity of a government or state in the exercise of its powers and duties, while management is the process of dealing with or controlling things or people. Given this definitions, I can say that Administration connotes government and non – profit organizations, while management connotes business. Administration is an art while management is a science.

Administration’s function is to formulate policies while Management has the executor functions. Administration is more on values and general while management is more on specific and factual. Administration Is more on strategic level while Management Is more on Tactical level. For the roles off manager, we can divide it into 3. First is the Interpersonal Roles where there are 3 functions. The first function Is the figurehead role where the 1 OFF leader role where the manager is responsible for the work of the people of that unit.

The last function is the liaison role where the manager makes contact outside his or her vertical chain of command. The second role of a manager is the Informational Roles where there

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are 3 functions. The first function is the Monitor where the manager looks for information in the environment. It can be in verbal form, gossip, hearsay or speculations. The second function is the Disseminated where the managers pass the information directly to the subordinates in their unit. The third function is the Spokesperson role here the managers send some of their information to people outside their units.

The third role of a manager is the Decisional Roles which also the most critical role of a manager. The first function is the Entrepreneur where the manager seeks to improve the unit or to adapt it to changing conditions in the environment. The second function is the Disturbance handler where the manager involuntary responds to different pressures. The third function is the resource locator where the manager decides who will get what in his organizational unit. The last function is the Negotiator where the manager acts as a negotiator in a contingency that may arise.

There are 5 skills that a manager needs to be effective. The first one is keeping well informed, being informed means being prepared for tomorrow. Having good information may give you different view points on an issue, which can help you solving the problem. The second skill is Focusing Time and Energy; you should know how to save time and energy in solving problems. You should be wise in analyzing which one you will solve first. The third skill is playing the Power Game. A successful manager is sensitive to the power structure of the organization.

He or she should know how to play the cards. The fourth skill is the art of imprecision where the manager knows how to satisfy the organization that it has a sense of direction without ever actually getting himself committed publicly to a set of objectives. Lastly Muddling with a purpose where managers is willing to take less than total acceptance in order to achieve modest progress towards his goals. 3. Define the importance of management functions. Show the relationship among these functions.

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