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Management Chapter 14

Research at three universities has confirmed that two basic leader behaviors, ______ and ______, are central to successful leadership.
initiating structure; consideration
Which of the following is the best leadership style for all situations?
none of these
Fiedlers contingency theory assumes:
leaders are effective when their work groups perform well
The most important situational factor in Fieldler’s Contingency Theory is:
Leader-member relations
Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler’s contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
Which of the following is NOT one of the four leadership styles identified in the path-goal theory of leadership?
charismatic
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, __________ means setting challenging goals, having high expectations of employees, and displaying confidence that employees will assume responsibility and put forth extraordinary effort.
achievement-oriented leadership
The Vroom-Yetton-Jago Model is another name for the:
normative decision theory
Transactional leaders:
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior
____is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.
Leadership
Which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?
Organizations need both leaders and managers.
Relatively stable characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives, or consistent patterns of behavior, form the basis for the ____ of leadership.
trait theory
Which one of the following traits refers to high levels of effort and is characterized by achievement, motivation, ambition, energy, tenacity, and initiative?
Drive
Successful business leaders are not like other people. Successful business leaders ____.
1. Have emotional stability
2. have a desire to lead
3. are self-confident
4. are knowledgeable about business
or ALL OF THESE
Which of the following is another term for considerate leadership behavior?
employee-centered leadership
Research shows that while initiating structure impacts primarily on ____, consideration impacts primarily on ____.
job performance; job satisfaction
Which of the following statements about the two basic leader behaviors that are central to successful leadership is true?
These behaviors are referred to as initiating structure and consideration
Which of the following is an example of a situational theory of leadership?
Fiedler’s contingency theory
Which of the following leadership theories assumes that leadership styles are consistent and difficult to change?
none of these
In Fiedler’s contingency theory, the term ____ refers to the degree to which leaders are able to hire, fire, reward, and punish workers.
Position Power
In Fiedler’s contingency theory, the term ____ refers to the degree to which a particular situation either permits or denies a leader the chance to influence the behavior of group members.
Situational Favorableness
Which of the following approaches to implementing Fiedler’s contingency theory in the workplace has proven effective?
accurately measuring and matching leaders to situations
Which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency in path-goal theory?
Task Structure
According to the path-goal theory, which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency?
the formal authority system
The normative decision theory ____.
helps managers determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
The two types of visionary leadership are ____.
charismatic leadership and transformational leadership
____ refers to the behavioral tendencies and personal characteristics of leaders that create an exceptionally strong relationship between them and their followers.
Charismatic leadership
Charismatic leaders generally ____.
articulate a vision based on strongly held values
Transformational leaders ____.
1. help followers see how their jobs fit with the organization’s vision
2. are able to make their followers feel they are a vital part of the organization
3. get employees to see beyond their own needs for the good of the group
4. encourage followers to make sacrifices for the organization
or ALL OF THESE
Transactional leaders ____.
reward followers for good behavior and punish followers for poor behavior

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