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Management Information Systems Chapter 7 Vocabulary

ARPANET
A computer network developed by the Advanced Research Project Agency (now the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency) in the 1960s and 1970s as a means of communication between research laboratories and universities. ARPANET was the predecessor to the Internet.
blog
A Web log, which is a journal or newsletter that is updated frequently and published online.
directories
Also referred to as folders; they are used for organizing and storing computer files.
discussion groups
use e-mail to communicate with people who may have never met; include: mailing lists, newsgroups, and chat groups; have separate terms
Domain Name System
(DNS) An Internet addressing system that uses a group of names that are listed with dots (.) between them, working from the most specific to the most general group. In the United States , the top (most general) domains are network categories such as edu (education), com (commercial), and gov (government). In other countries, a two-letter abbreviation for the country is used, such as ca ( Canada ) and au ( Australia ).
extranet
A private electronic network that links a company with its suppliers and customers
gigapop
a local connection point-of-presence
hypermedia
The combination of text, numbers, graphics, animation, sound effects, music, and other media in hyperlinked documents.
hypertext
…, a set of tags and rules (conforming to SGML) for using them in developing hypertext documents
HTML
HyperText Markup Language, the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.
instant messaging
Online communication that allows two or more participants to communicate in real time
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
Intranet
a network designed for the exclusive use of computer users within an organization that cannot be accessed by users outside the organization
internet backbone
The main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all Internet traffic flows.
IRC
Internet Relay Chat. A form of real-time Internet text messaging often used with chat sessions. Some botnets have used IRC channels to control zombie computers through a command and control server.
Internet telephony
A category of hardware and software that enables people to use the Internet as the transmission medium for telephone calls. For users who have free, or fixed-price Internet access, Internet telephony software essentially provides free telephone calls anywhere in the world. To date, however, Internet telephony does not offer the same quality of telephone service as direct telephone connections. There are many Internet telephony applications available. Some come bundled with popular Web browsers. Others are stand-alone products. Internet telephony products are sometimes called IP telephony, Voice over the Internet (VOI) or Voice over IP (VOIP) products.
Internet2
the private Internet system that links government supercomputer centers and a select group of universities; it runs more than 22,000 times faster than today’s public infrastructure and supports heavy-duty applications
navigational tools
Instruments that help you figure out where to go
newsgroups
Public discussion forums on specific topics; all messages and replies are available to anyone with internet access.
podcast
an audio broadcast that has been converted to an MP3 file or other audio file format for playback in a digital music player or computer
RSS
real simple syndication. a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated digital content, such as blogs, news feeds or podcasts.
search engine
A software program you can use to find Web sites, Web pages, and Internet files.
social networking
A means by which people use the Internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends.
URL
(Uniform Resource Locator) Basically the web address of a website.
Web 2.0
a set of economic, social, and technology trends that collectively form the basis for the next generation of the Internet
wiki
A Web site that can be modified by anyone, from directly within a Web browser (provided that user is granted edit access).

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