Getting hurt at work or becoming ill through work is not a pleasant subject to think about. The reality is that over 200 people a year lose their lives at work in Britain. In addition, around 150 000 non-fatal injuries are reported each year, and an estimated 2 million suffer from ill health caused or made worse by work. The mistake is to believe that these things happen in highly unusual or exceptional circumstances that never occur in your workplace. This is not the case. Some basic thinking and acting beforehand could usually have prevented these things from happening. Implementing health and safety measures doesn’t have to be expensive, time consuming or complicated. In fact, safer and more efficient working practices can often save money but, more importantly, they can help to save lives.
Identify the appropriate regulation which will help insure that a construction project is safe to build use and maintain. Outline the specific duties of the key parties and explain the relationship between them and in particular the responsibilities for providing welfare facilities on site. The appropriate regulations that help to ensure a construction project is safe to build, use and maintain are the Construction Design and Management Regulations 2007
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These regulations encourage everyone to work together to make health and safety an integral part of the design, construction and management of projects, they help to improve planning and management from day one and to identify hazards so that they can be eliminated or properly managed. CDM 2007 places legal duties on virtually everyone involved in construction work as everyone controlling site work has health and safety responsibilities. Checking that working conditions are healthy and safe before work begins and ensuring that the proposed work is not going to put others at risk, requires planning, organization and applies whatever the size of the site.
New documentation has been introduced that places responsibilities on key members such as: The Clients-someone who carries out a project themselves or seeks the service of someone else to carry out a project for them, their duties include: To select and appoint a competent planning supervisor and principle main contractor and be satisfied that they will allocate adequate resources for health and safety, one method of doing this would be to check the main contractor’s previous history.
To check competence and resources of all appointees. Allow sufficient time and resources for all stages. Provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors. Make sure that construction work does not start unless a construction phase plan is in place and there are adequate welfare facilities on site. Provide information relating to the health and safety file to the CDM co-ordinator . Ensure the health and safety file is available for inspection after the project is completed.
CDM co-ordinator (only required where the project is notifiable) – A CDM Co-ordinator is the client’s adviser in matters relating to construction health and safety. The role involves advising and assisting the client in undertaking the measures needed to comply with CDM 2007, including, in particular, the client’s duties both at the start of the construction phase and during it. The CDM co-ordinator should also: Notify details of the project to Health and Safety Executive and ensure that the health and safety file is delivered to the client at the end of the project.
Co-ordinate health and safety aspects of design work and co-operate with others involved with the project, they should ensure as much as possible that designers comply with their duties in particular; the avoidance and reduction of risks involved the construction project. Liaise with the principal contractor regarding on going design work; Identify, collect and pass on pre-construction information; and prepare/update the health and safety file. A designer is defined in the CDM Regulations as any person (including a client or contractor) who prepares drawings, specifications and bills this can be inadvertent as Contractors sometimes make ‘site’ decisions without realising the ‘design’ consequences also Quantity surveyors may specify materials or components, which have safety implications.
The designers main duties are to consider during the development of designs the hazards and risks which may arise to those constructing and maintaining the building and so far as reasonably practical eliminate risks to health and safety and if this is not possible then to reduce risks at source and ensure the design includes adequate information about remaining risks which they should pass on to the CDM co-ordinater in order that it can be included in the health and safety plan.
Designers must also check that the client is aware of their duties. The Principle Contractor also has responsibilities under the CDM regulations their key duties are to prepare, develop and implement a written health and safety plan with site rules, they should ensure that only competent and adequately resourced contractors carry out any sub-contracted work. They must ensure all findings of other sub-contractors risk assessments are passed on to the CDM co-ordinator for inclusion in the health and safety plan.
They must make sure suitable welfare facilities are provided from the start and maintained throughout the construction phase this should include toilets, washing facilities with hot and cold running water, soap, canteens, adequate facilities for first aid treatment and sufficient persons trained in first aid available during all working hours. Other duties include: Check competence of all appointees. Ensure all workers have site inductions and any further information and training needed for the work.
Liaise with CDM co-ordinator regarding on going design Secure the site and make sure only authorised people are allowed to enter. Contractors- must plan, manage and monitor their own work and that of their workers they should check the competence of all their appointees and workers and ensure that there are adequate welfare facilities for their workers. Where projects are notifiable under the Regulations, contractors must also:
Check that the client is aware of their duties, check that a CDM co-ordinator has been appointed and ensure that HSE has been notified before the work start. They must provide any information needed for the health and safety file and inform the principal contractor of reportable accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences. Workers/Everyone- Should check their own competence and report any obvious risk. They must use correct PPE and tools and keep them in good condition and ensure to follow all site health and safety rules and procedures.
Analyse existing Health and Safety Policy documents and make adjustments where necessary. Workplace health and safety policies are required under the health and safety at work act 1974 which states that: ‘Except in such cases as may be prescribed, it shall be the duty of every employer to prepare and as often as may be appropriate revise a written statement of his general policy with respect to the health and safety at work of his employees … and to bring the statement and any revision of it to the notice of all his employees’
A health and safety policy is divided into three main sections; A general statement- which should be signed by the head of the organisation and dated this is an important statement giving a key outline as to how the employer will observe their duties under the act. Explain who has specific responsibilities- CDM coordinator, employee’s duties and who the health and safety representative is. Explain the health and safety administration- accident reporting procedures, risk assessments systems and permit to work systems. Topliss S, Hurst M, Skarratt G,. (2007 p .28) After careful analysis of a number of health and safety polices I have adjusted this policy which I believe now gives the most suitable and comprehensive cover for this company.