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Manufacturing paradigm Essay

When JIT/ Lean manufacturing paradigm can be used in setting up inventory systems in an industry. The inventories will be simple hence easily manageable. This reduces resource consumption through specializing each system for specific units of production. It will reduce production time hence an advantage to the industry because there will be an increased rate and efficiency in decision making (Hill 2000). JIT paradigm can also ensure proper use of schedules in an industry. To avoid any wastages an industry will have to go by their schedule hence use the resources as planned.

JIT paradigm provides an industry with a daily scheduling system on all operations involved. This is a preventive measure in the industry. The industry will have prevented any losses through excessive productions and resource wastages due to rejection or omission of some procedures (Hill 2000). Because there will be a routine to be followed in production in an industry, quality production is assured. Statistics can be used in controlling production processes. This will ensure there are quality suppliers hence quality improvements within the industry.

Lean production can also make employees more productive. As compared to MRP II employees are allowed to follow the set procedures in their operations. This

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builds confidence in workers hence improve their participation leading to quality production. To achieve specialization on various operational units, employees have to be trained. This is to equip them with the relevant information hence be more useful in the industry. Through cross training the workers will be flexible enough to work in any area maximizing their use as resources.

The workers will be committed to take more responsibilities within the industry hence facilitate decision making (Hill 2000). Conclusion JIT/ Lean manufacturing paradigm are more efficient as compared to MRP II. Industries should therefore apply JIT in situations where resources are very scarce. On the other hand MRP II is a very convenient paradigm that is very useful for mass production. MRP II can be used after a market research has been carried out and producers are targeting certain market. The paradigm will ensure everyone is catered for (Hill 2000).

To match demand and capacity an industry has to have plans to ensure the requirements levels can be predicted and provided within the organizational resources. Operations management is a very important to companies that deal with production and supply or just purchase and distribution. Such retail shops should emphasize on self services to their customers and also allow them to gain. This is because it is the buyers that know what their customers can take or consume in terms of package sizes and price (Moon & Frei 2000). Technology use should be encouraged to facilitate production and management processes.

This is particularly required in chains of stores or shops that are located different places geographically. References Hill, T. , 2005, Operations Management, 2nd. Edn. , Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK. Hill, T. 2000, Manufacturing Strategy, text and cases, 2nd Edition, Palgrave Macmilan. Slack N. , Chambers S. and Johnson R. , 2004, Operations Management, 4th ed. , Prentice Education, Harlow, UK. Sadler, I. 2007, Logistics and Supply Chain Integration, Sage, London. Johnston, R. and Clark, G. , 2005, Service Operations Management, 2nd edn. , Pearson Education, Harlow, UK.

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