Marketing Notes Essay
The substitute awareness affect Price comparison effect: made us more price sensitive Business expenditure effect: made us less price sensitive End-benefit effect: I. E. Package travel bundled in less price sensitive The total expenditure effect: the bigger the total expense the more aware The shared cost effect: tend to be less price sensitive when sharing the cost with others The sunk investment effect: already sunk in your time so you aren’t very price sensitive.
The price quality effect: if we believe in the connection between price and quality then we will be less price sensitive. What is a jazz coca-cola worth -1. 29 paying for refrigeration -1. 99 paying for service in restaurant setting -4. 50 paying at a concert because there are no other options cheap flight but being nickel and dime for everything customers don’t want Cost-plus pricing-I. E. Wine is XX as expensive in restaurants -product, cost, price, alee, customers not a customer focused approach-only works if it generates the forecasted demand. Repacks: people see different values in different items. Break-Even analysis and target profit pricing -takes into account Competition based pricing -focus on competitors -monitor “going rate” -Avoid Price wars downside- customer is not a part of
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Pricing and the Product lifestyle New Product Pricing Premium/economy Skimming pricing: a price that moves start off high then drop price etc. Apple does this (fad like demand curve) Penetration pricing: low price right off the bat involves selling to the whole target market at one low price. Existing Product Pricing Product-line pricing Price bundling Promotional pricing (I. E. Discount tactics) quantity/volume, trade, cash, seasonal, facial event, loss leader, sales pricing.
Optional/captive pricing (I. E. Warranty) (I. E. Giving out free razor with 1 blade to try and sell their brand) Bait and switch- they say we have a special deal foots for $200 but they only have 5 so when you come in they don’t have any left so they’ll offer you a different special. Promotional Pricing: Allowances Advertising allowance- for cooperative advertising Stocking allowance- for shelf space Pushy money allowance- for retail push of certain items Coupons/rebates- trade deals passed onto buyers