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MasteringHealth Topic 10: Weight Management

A person’s ratio of fat to lean muscle is known as

body mass index.
percent body fat.
muscle mass.
body composition.

body composition.
Yo-yo dieting is

a pattern of gradual and steady weight loss.
characterized by rigid eating plans.
a pattern of repeatedly losing and regaining weight.
characterized by flexible eating plans.

a pattern of repeatedly losing and regaining weight

*weight gain due to the resetting of BMR to lower levels

People who successfully maintain a healthy weight are most likely to do which of the following?

Eat high-volume but low-caloric density foods
Drink diet sodas
Skip meals
Limit eating junk food to weekends only

Eat high-volume but low-caloric density foods
The rate at which your body must consume energy to sustain basic functions is the

body mass index.
basal metabolic rate.
set point.
resting metabolic rate.

basal metabolic rate.
To lose weight, a person must

establish a set point.
consume more calories than are expended.
expend more calories than are consumed.
put the body into a state of ketosis.

expend more calories than are consumed.
One pound of body fat contains

3,500 calories.
2,500 calories.
4,500 calories.
5,000 calories.

3,500 calories.
Which of the following measurements is most strongly correlated with the risk of heart disease and diabetes?

Thigh circumference
Waist circumference
Hip circumference
Chest circumference

Waist circumference
A person with a body mass index (BMI) in which range is classified as overweight?

15 to 19.9
25 to 29.9
20 to 24.9
30 to 35.9

25 to 29.9
All of the following statements about BMI are true EXCEPT

BMI is based on height and weight measurements.
BMI is an accurate measure for all body types, including athletes with a high amount of muscle mass.
BMI stands for body mass index.
Very low and very high BMI measurements are associated with increased risk of mortality.

BMI is an accurate measure for all body types, including athletes with a high amount of muscle mass.
Excess body fat that is not essential to normal body functioning is

essential fat.
abdominal fat.
storage fat.
hypertrophied fat.

storage fat.
The percentage of American adults who are either overweight or obese is approximately

70%.
57%.
63%.
66%.

63%
A person whose body weight is more than 20% above the recommended level is categorized as

morbidly obese.
slightly obese.
overweight.
obese.

obese.
The method of determining body composition by measuring the amount of water a person displaces when completely submerged is known as

dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.
hydrostatic weighing.
bioelectrical impedance analysis.
skinfold measurement.

hydrostatic weighing.
Leptin is a hormone that plays a role in signaling the brain that

the body is becoming dehydrated.
the body is in need of food.
the body’s need for food has been satisfied.
the body has produced an allergic response to a food that was consumed.

the body’s need for food has been satisfied.
The set point theory holds that

people usually stop eating once they feel full.
the body has an internal thermostat that fights to maintain weight within a certain range.
most people have a body weight goal that they would like to achieve.
the body’s metabolic rate can be increased by severely reducing caloric intake.

the body has an internal thermostat that fights to maintain weight within a certain range.
The physiological response to the body’s need for food is

hunger.
thermogenesis.
appetite.
satiety.

hunger.
The hormone ghrelin is known as the

glucose regulator.
fat-burning hormone.
satiety signal.
hunger hormone.

hunger hormone.
A person’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) starts to decline

around age 30.
after age 50.
around age 40.
after age 20.

around age 30.
The success rate of maintaining weight loss is highest when a person continues good eating habits and incorporates

liposuction.
counseling.
dietary supplements.
exercise.

exercise
The method of determining body composition that involves using a fiberglass chamber to measure air displacement is

dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.
Bod Pod measurement.
bioelectrical impedance analysis.
hydrostatic weighing.

Bod Pod measurement
What percentage of people regain lost weight within two years of a major diet?

65%
35%
75%
85%

75%
Which dangerous complication may occur when a person has been on a very-low-calorie diet or has been deprived of carbohydrates?

Cardiac arrhythmia
Diabetic shock
Anorexia nervosa
Ketoacidosis

Ketoacidosis
An environment that promotes excessive food intake and a lifestyle with little or no physical activity is known as

globesogenic.
negative.
obesogenic.
sedentary.

obesogenic
A condition characterized by excessive numbers of fat cells in the body is

hypothyroidism.
hypertrophy.
hyperplasia.
hypoglycemia.

hyperplasia.
Perez is 6 ft 2 inches tall and weighs 178 pounds. His body mass index (BMI) would be calculated as

21.
23.
22.
24.

23.
Some forms of cancer have been linked to obesity.
True
False
true
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.
True
False
true
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) remains unchanged throughout our lives.
True
False
false
Infants fed high-calorie formulas may be more likely to be overweight or obese as children.
True
False
true
Heavy advertising and easy access to high-calorie foods have not been environmental factors linked to the U.S. obesity epidemic.
True
False
false
An obese person burns fewer calories walking the same distance as a thin person.
True
False
false
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) can be affected by food intake and illness.
True
False
true
Very-low-calorie diets can be safely followed without a doctor’s supervision.
True
False
false
Body mass index (BMI) is one indicator of a person’s health risk related to his or her weight.
True
False
true
Obesity is not considered a global problem since there are still so many areas that suffer from hunger and famine.
True
False
false
What percentage of American women have such a negative body image that they would trade at least one year of their life to achieve their ideal body weight and shape?

20%
40%
30%
50%

30%
All of the following are components of body image EXCEPT

how you feel about your body.
what others say to you about your appearance.
what you believe about your own appearance.
how you see yourself in your mind.

what others say to you about your appearance.
A psychological disorder characterized by an obsession with one’s body and with real or imagined flaws in appearance is

social physique anxiety.
narcissism.
anorexia nervosa.
body dysmorphic disorder.

body dysmorphic disorder.
The highest point on the body image continuum in which a person has a completely positive body image is referred to as

body acceptance.
body ownership.
body dissociation.
body obsessed.

body ownership.
All of the following are myths about how to build a positive body image EXCEPT

extreme dieting is an effective weight loss strategy.
anyone can be slender if they have willpower.
appearance is not more important than health.
how you look is more important than who you are.

appearance is not more important than health.
Patterns of atypical eating behavior that are used to achieve or maintain a lower body weight are known as

body image disorders.
disordered eating.
clinical eating disorders.
anxiety-induced eating.

disordered eating.
How many American males are estimated to struggle with some form of an eating disorder?

1 million
800,000
1.5 million
500,000

1 million
All of the following are criteria for anorexia nervosa EXCEPT

denial of the health risks associated with current low body weight.
focus on a positive body image.
intense fear of gaining weight.
refusal to maintain at least a minimally normal body weight.

focus on a positive body image.
Which of the following is NOT considered part of the female athlete triad?

Absence of menstrual cycles
High bone density
Long periods of intense exercise
Disordered eating

High bone density
All of the following are criteria for binge eating disorder EXCEPT

Recurrent episodes that occur at least once a week for three months
Engaging in compensatory behavior after overeating
Distress, depression, or guilt after rapidly consuming large amounts of food
Eating alone to conceal behavior from others

Engaging in compensatory behavior after overeating
Which body image disorder affects men who believe that their body is insufficiently lean or muscular?

Anorexia athletica
Muscle dysmorphia
Steroid abuse
Compulsive exercise disorder

Muscle dysmorphia
Over half of American females in which age group are unhappy with their body?

Age 20 to 29
Age 12 to 23
Age 16 to 21
Age 18 to 25

Age 12 to 23
Which of the following diseases is associated with being inactive and either overweight or obese?

A. All Options are Correct
B. Arthritis
C. Coronary Heart Disease
D. Diabetes

A. All Options are Correct
Most diets fail to maintain successful weight loss because __________.
the behavior is temporary
Which of the following diet programs was designed to fight high blood pressure?

A. Slim-Fast
B. Atkins
C. Nutrisystem
D. DASH

D. DASH

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