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MEA 242 Quiz/Test Ch. 9 &10

Histoplasmosis is a ________ disease originating in the lungs with greatest occurrence in the Midwestern United States.
Fungal
Examples of occupational diseases include
Asbestosis, anthracosis, and silicosis
Barrel chest, chronic cough, and dyspnea are all symptoms of
Emphysema
A pneumothorax is a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity that can cause
A collapsed lung
Infectious mononucleosis is caused from
Epstein-barr virus
A pulmonary abscess is an area of contained ______ in the lung.
Infectious material
With flail chest, there are ______ fractures of three or more adjacent ribs.
Double
Pneumonconiosis is caused from inhalation of
Inorganic dust
There are almost 200 different viruses that are responsible for causing
The common cold
Dysphonia is a common symptom of a
Tumor of larynx
T/F: Asbestosis, anthracosis, and silicosis are considered occupational diseases.
True
T/F: Prophylactic use of vaccines against influenza is effective in reducing the occurrence of the disease, especially in the elderly and infirm.
True
Sinusitis may be treated with
broad-spectrum antibiotics, decongestants, antihistamines, and in chronic cases, sinusotomy
______________ is a destructive disease of the alveoli and the adjacent capillary walls resulting in chronic dyspnea, cough and the characteristic barrel chest.
Emphysema
A crooked nasal septum or deviated septum can cause
all of the above.
Severe hypoxemia, in a patient who has recently experienced trauma, is called shock lung or
ARDS.
T/F: Allergic rhinitis and allergic sinusitis can lead to inflammation of the mucosa of the sinuses and resulting sinusitis.
True
T/F: Common colds impart immunity and respond to antibiotic therapy.
False
Of primary importance in the diagnosis of hemoptysis is
determination of the source of the bleeding.
Causes of epistaxis are
all of the above.
T/F: Target groups for influenza immunization include persons aged 50 and older, patients with chronic disease, health care providers, and other high risk persons.
True
Occupational diseases that cause progressive, chronic inflammation and infection in the lungs from inhalation of inorganic dust are termed
pneumoconiosis.
An area of contained infectious material in the lung is known as
pulmonary abscess.
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung describes a condition called
pneumothorax.
A double fracture of three or more adjacent ribs resulting in instability in the chest wall describes a patient with
flail chest.
___________ refers to obstructive diseases of the lungs, including chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, asthma, emphysema, and pneumoconiosis.
COPD
Atelectasis, an airless or collapsed state of pulmonary tissue, may result from
all of the above.
The Epstein-Barr virus is the cause of
infectious mononucleosis.
T/F: Pontiac fever is a milder form of Legionellosis; both forms are not contagious.
True
The common cold is a group of minor illnesses caused by
almost 200 viruses or from mycoplasma.
The treatment of sinusitis includes
all of the above
Stasis of blood flow from immobility, injury to a vessel, or predisposition to clot formation increase the risk of
pulmonary embolism
The common symptom of a tumor of the larynx is
dysphonia
T/F: In most cases the prognosis of lung cancer is good because people seek medical attention before metastasis occurs.
False
Growths that form from distended mucous membranes protruding into the nasal cavity are called
nasal polyps.
The pneumonia-like disease caused by bacteria, that thrive in warm aquatic environments, and are inhaled from moisture droplets in air conditioning units is called
Legionella infection
__________ is a fungal disease originating in the lungs, with the greatest occurrence in the midwestern United States.
Histoplasmosis
T/F: Exposure to both primary and secondary smoke may make the individual more susceptible to any respiratory condition as the smoke is an irritant to the respiratory tract.
True
Permanent, irreversible dilation or distortion of the bronchi, resulting from destruction of muscular bronchial wall describes
bronchiectasis.
T/F: A history of smoking is listed as an etiological factor in bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer.
True
Primary or essential hypertension
Has an unknown cause
Cardiac arrhythmias are the result of
Interference with the conduction system of the heart
Electrocution, myocardial infarction, and drug overdose may cause
Cardiac arrest
A person who complains of experiencing chest pain with exertion is having
Angina pectoris
Pericarditis is an inflammation of the
Sac enclosing the heart
lymphedema causes swelling of
an extremity
People with mitral valve prolapse are sometimes
All of the above
Raynaud phenomenon is a vasospastic disease that affects the
Hands, fingers, and feet
Rheumatic heart disease may cause problems with the
Valves
Ischemia causes
Death to tissue
The lymphatic tissue in Hodgkin s disease patients contains
Reed-sternberg cells
Left-sided crushing chest pain, irregular heartbeat, dyspnea, and excessive sweating, nausea, anxiety, and denial are all symptoms of
Myocardial infarction
Blood transfusion incompatibility reactions are
Potentially life threatening
The condition where the patient experiences chest pain with exertion is
angina pectoris.
Fluid shift into the extravascular spaces of the lungs with accompanying dyspnea, coughing, and bloody, frothy sputum is indicative of
pulmonary edema.
Interference with the conduction system of the heart may be the source of
cardiac arrhythmias.
T/F: Patients with mitral valve prolapse experience severe crushing chest pain and syncope.
False
The procedure where a catheter with a balloon is threaded into a coronary artery and expanded to compress the plaque and widen the lumen is called
angioplasty.
The patient experiencing crushing chest pain, dyspnea, diaphoresis, and anxiety usually is suffering from
myocardial infarction.
A systemic inflammatory disease of the joints and cardiac tissue which follows a sore throat caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus is
rheumatic fever.
A pulsating mass that is noted midabdomen indicates
aortic aneurysm
Treatment of cardiac tamponade includes
drainage of the blood in the pericardium
T/F: Transfusion incompatibility reactions are always fatal.
False
T/F: Sickle cell anemia is asymptomatic.
False
Painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, severe itching, fever, night sweats, weight loss, and malaise are symptoms of
Hodgkin’s disease.
Medical intervention for varicose veins includes
all of the above.
A vasospastic disease of the fingers, hands, or feet resulting in pain, numbness, and sometimes discoloration is
Raynaud’s disease.
T/F: Patients with coronary heart disease always experience pain.
False
Joint and bone pain, fever, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and enlarged lymph glands are typical symptoms of
leukemia.
______________ is a hereditary bleeding disease resulting from a deficiency of clotting factors.
Hemophilia
Reed-Sternberg cells in lymphatic tissue is diagnostic of
Hodgkin’s disease.
The patient who complains of sudden onset of severe headache, blurred vision, and dyspnea may be suffering from
malignant hypertension.
Acute or chronic inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart is
pericarditis.
T/F:The cause of essential hypertension is unknown.
True
The patient with pale, cold, clammy skin, a rapid and weak pulse, tachypnea, and an altered level of consciousness is experiencing
shock
The condition where there is a reduction in the quantity of either red blood cells or hemoglobin is
anemia.
T/F: Mitral stenosis usually is the result of rheumatic heart disease.
True
Treatment of congestive heart failure includes
all of the above.
The patient who experiences gradually increasing dyspnea, anxiety, and edema of the feet and ankles may be suffering from
congestive heart failure.
The condition where fat-containing substances are deposited on the coronary artery lumens causing a narrowing is
coronary artery disease.
The condition which results in painless gross swelling of an extremity is
lymphedema.
The chronic hereditary form of anemia found predominately in the black race is called
sickle cell anemia.
Noninflammatory disease of the heart muscle with enlargement of the myocardium and ventricular dysfunction refers to
cardiomyopathy.

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