Medieval Economic and Life Differences between Nobles
Medieval Economic and Life differences between Nobles and Peasants Childhood in Medieval England was determined by both social and biological factors. According to common law, childhood ranged from the birth of a child until he or she reached the age of 12. At this point, the child was seen as capable and competent to understand his or her actions, thus rendering them responsible for them. According to canon law, girls could marry at the age of 12 and boys at the age of 14. For most children growing up in Medieval Times the first year of life was one of the most dangerous, with as many as 50 percent of children yielding to fatal illnesses.
During this year the child was cared for and nursed, either by parents, If the family belonged to the peasant class or by a nurse if the child belong to a noble class. At age seven play was still an important part of a child’s life, however, as the child’s ability to learn and fulfill family duties grew, so did their responsibility to contribute. If circumstances allowed, seven was the age of entrance into formal education. Peasant and urban children took up responsibilities around the house.
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Although according to canon law at the age of twelve girls could marry, this was relatively uncommon unless the child was an heiress or belonged to a family of noble birth. Peasant families had to try more economic wise rather than the noble families that had the economic benefit due to their status in the society. The wealthiest children of all, those of the nobility and more important upper class were often received into the great households of other nobility or leading churchmen, where they acted as pages or retainers, learnt aristocratic manners, and in some cases underwent training in litany skills.
The peasant children on the other hand, began to do serious work once they reached puberty, at around 12-14. Sometimes this was done at home, assisting in agricultural work or a craft, but it was common to send children away from home at about the age of puberty to be servants to other people. This was reckoned to train and discipline them, give them patrons who could assist their careers, and relieve their parents of expense. Places as servants varied widely, from working on farms or in domestic service to apprenticeships in which one learnt a killed craft or trade.
Boys of the wealthier classes often continued their schooling during their adolescence, especially if they were foreseen as having careers in the Church, law, or administration. Medieval childhood was a rich and varied state, since children varied from one another as much as adults did. It differed predominantly from modern western society in its mortality and in the fact that many young people started serious work at an earlier age. Most of what we associate with childhood, however, existed for children in the Middle Ages: upbringing at home, play, special retirement according to age and training for adult life and work.
The concentration of historians on adults in the middle ages does insufficient Justice to the fact that about Medieval Economic and Life Differences between Nobles and Peasants By lour’s there was a static structure in society. You were born into a class of people and generally stayed in that class for your entire life. Working hard did not change your status. Clothing, food, marriage, homes, etc. , were determined for you. After the rank of king, the hierarchy was the nobles, the knights, the clergy, the tradesmen and the secants. During the Roman Empire, the people were ruled by a government that had a civil system.
One of the duties of this government was to protect the people. When the empire collapsed, there was a king, but there was no formal organization to keep the people safe. The nobles filled that role. In turn for service to the nobles, the peasant people were given protection. The nobles offered this protection through the use of knights, who most often were the sons of the nobles. For peasants, life was hard. They worked long hours every day Just to ensure that their family had a roof over heir head and food to eat. If your parents were peasants, you probably would be a peasant as well.
Most of the peasants were farmers, but some were tradesmen, such as millers or tavern owners. The farmers leased their land and also paid taxes to the lord and to the king. Most farmers were not free, but rather serfs. They were required to stay with the land and had to work several days a week for the lord of the manor. For the peasant families, naming children had a stereotypical procedure such as naming a child after a close relative or a saint. In a peasant household, everyone was added to work in the fields or at least around the house, often children as young as 2 years old were left alone resulting in many accidents.
Due to their status children of peasant families had few to none toys around the house and didn’t go to school so few knew how to read. On the other hand, the noble families lived in a building within the castle. The castle consisted of a great hall that served as an office, dining room and dance hall. The upper floors contained bedrooms for the lord and his family. Nobles’ families had sitting rooms called solar where the family gathered to play games and listen to music after having lunch.