Vocal Juan Morale Block 5 Middle Ages – The period in western European history between the fall of the Roman Empire and the 1 5th century. Vikings – Sea-going Scandinavian raiders who disrupted coastal areas of Europe from the 8th to 1 lath centuries Serfs – peasant agricultural laborers within Manorial Three-Field System – 1/3 of the land each year was unplanted to increase fertility Carolingian – Royal house of the Franks Charlemagne – Carolingian monarch who established a large empire in France and Germany Feudalism – Manorial on top of manorial for political purposes
Captains – French dynasty Magna Cart – Great Charter; issued by King John of England; confirmed feudal rights against monarchical claims Hundred Years’ War – conflict between England in France for about 88 years SST. Clare of Cassis – founder of a woman’s monastic order; represented a new spirit of purity and dedication to the Catholic Church Peter Ballard – Author of miss and No” Thomas Aquinas – Author of “Sumac”; believed in the coexistence of reason and divine thought Troubadours – poets in 14th century south France Jacques Corer – merchant in 15th century France
Black Death – The Bubonic Plague killed 2/3 of the population
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Clevis – King of the Franks who converted to Christianity Charles Marten – defeated the Muslims at Tours Holy Roman Empire – everyone who was Catholic Vassals – members of the military who got land for military service William the Conqueror – Invaded England from Normandy and established a feudal monarchy in England Parliaments – bodies representing privileged groups Pope Urban II – called the first Crusade to get the holy land from the Muslims in 1095 Pope Gregory VII – tried to separate the church and state SST.
Bernard of Calvarias – stressed mystical union with God Scholasticism – Medieval helicopters approach Humanities League – organization of northern German and Scandinavian states under one currency and a commercial alliance Guilds – Associations of workers in the same occupation in a single city Investiture – the action of formally investing a person with honors or ranks Crusades – Battles for control of the holy land medieval economics By wanton 1. The Dark Ages defines the postvocalic period in Western Europe. . Population growth, economic productivity, increased political complexity, technological innovation, and artistic and intellectual complexity were some signs of vitality in W. Europe. 3. Manorial is the System of economic and political relations between landlords and their peasant laborers. Feudalism is the same thing but on a much larger scale. The people under the king would provide military service for him and they distribute the land and distribute the distributed land. 4. Currency, banks, plows? . Feudalism is manorial on a bigger scale. 6. They said God gives you your conscience and if you don’t have a conscience, irrationality is irrational therefore connecting theology to rationalism. 7. Some signs of economic prosperity in Western Europe after 1000 C. E. Include the feudal social system, the Humanities League, and unity under one currency. 8. Hierarchy. In the feudal political system, reciprocity was important to have a smooth flowing political system. 9. The Bubonic Plague was a big crisis.
The Mongols used biological warfare; at Kafka they hurled plagued corpses at the Genomes. The Italians fled back to Sicily and in 1347, the Black Death said hello to Europe in the form of infected flees (Yearnings Pest’s). It spread about 5 kilometers a day and in five years it killed two- thirds of the population. This lead to peasant revolts, loss of faith, and some serious resection. The decreased population led to the amelioration of the peasant folk; they could ask for more pay. 0. In its intellectual heritage, the Middle Ages incorporated classical rationalism (especially in universities) and the use of Latin as a common language. Manorial had its origins in the great farming estates of the ancient world. Carrying forward elements of indigenous northern European beliefs, Christianity was widely adopted. The political outlook was different because of the lack of an empire and a corresponding development of a local and regional political focus.