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MGMT 4303 – Chapter 1

Which one of the following is an example of a narrow scope in a mission?
computers (VS office equipment)
The theory that proposes organization can and do adapt to changing conditions by imitating other successful organizations is known as
institution theory
The organization’s corporate mission statement
should set the organization apart from its competitors
General Electric led the transition from strategic planning to strategic management during the 1980s (T/F)
true
Which of the following is an example of a corporate strategy?
diversify product line to appeal to more people
According to organizational learning theory, an organization uses knowledge to improve the fit between itself and its environment (T/F)
true
Which one of the following is included in the firm’s societal environment?
economic forces
An example of an objective is “increased profitability” while an example of a goal is “to increase profitability in 2010 by 15% over 2009” (T/F)
false
As a part of the strategic management process, evaluation and control is concerned with all of the following EXCEPT
determining top management compensation
Which of the following is an example of a policy?
pay highest salary to keep high quality employees
The ability of an organization to reshape its environment is described by
the strategic choice perspective
Research done by Henry Mintzberg suggests that strategy formulation
is typically an irregular and a discontinuous process
The time horizon involved with regard to basic financial planning is usually
one year
One tenet of the learning organization is to maintain stability (T/F)
false
In the externally oriented planning phase, plans are developed by heavily involving the input of managers from lower levels (T/F)
false
The currency used to integrate the monetary systems of the European Union (EU) is called the
euro
A goal differs from an objective because it
is open-ended
The goal of NAFTA is complete economic integration (T/F)
false
The strategic audit is an all-inclusive list of critical questions needed for a detailed strategic analysis of any business (T/F)
false
While there are litigation and physical risks to companies as a result of climate change, there is no risk currently identified to the company on its overall reputation (T/F)
false
The monitoring, evaluating, and disseminating of information form the external and internal environments to key people within the corporation is referred to as
environmental scanning
Climate change has become a growing concern for businesses to include in their corporate strategies (T/F)
true
The corporate missions is best described by which one of the following?
the purpose or reason for the corporation’s existence
A large, multidivisional business has three levels in its hierarchy of strategy:
corporate, business, and functional
Which of the following is an example of an objective?
increase sales by 10% over last year
All of the following reflect activities of a learning organization EXCEPT
alienating competitors in the industry
Strategic management is that set of managerial decisions and actions that determine the long-run performance of a corporation. Which one of the following is NOT one of the basic elements of the strategic management process?
statistical process control
The regional trade association composed of Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay is called
mercosur
According to Alfred Chandler
all of the above
A budget is a statement of a corporation’s programs in dollar terms. Which if NOT true of the budgetary function?
only one budget is necessary to capture all programs
Performance results are monitored at the strategy formulation phase of the strategic management process (T/F)
false
The emphasis of strategic management is on
monitoring and evaluation external opportunities and threats in light of a corporation’s strengths and weaknesses
One of the benefits of strategic management is a clearer sense of vision for the firm (T/F)
true
All of the following reflect categories of organizational risk as a result of climate change EXCEPT
sustainability risk
The task environment
includes those elements of groups within an organization’s industry
One member of the European Union (EU) is Chile (T/F)
false
The mode of strategy formulation used when top management has a reasonably clear idea of the corporation’s mission and objectives, but it chooses to develop a series of tentative or partial strategies instead of developing full blown strategies is called
logical incrementalism
Mintzberg’s entrepreneurial mode is sometimes referred to as “muddling through” since this decision making mode tends to be more reactive than proactive in the search for new opportunities (T/F)
false
The type of strategy which describes a company’s overall direction in terms of its general attitude toward growth and the management of its various businesses and product line is
corporate
As more industries become global, strategic management is becoming less important in positioning a company for long-term competitive advantage (T/F)
false
The internal environment includes the variables of opportunities and threats (T/F)
false
The process by which strategies and policies are put into action through the development of programs, budgets, and procedures is
strategy implementation
Research indicates that a broad missions statement may be best in a turbulent environment (T/F)
false
Research of the planning practices of companies in the oil industry concluded that the real value of modern strategic planning is more
in strategic thinking and organizational learning
A hierarchy of strategy emphasized the need for the three levels of strategy to complement and support one another (T/F)
true
A business strategy may include competitive or cooperative strategies (T/F)
false
Strategic planning in a multidivisional corporation
should be a formalized and sophisticated system
Punctuated equilibrium described organizations as evolving through relatively long periods of stability punctuated by relatively short bursts of fundamental change (T/F)
true
Strategic flexibility is the ability to shift from one dominant strategy to another (T/F)
true
Which of the following is an example of a mission statement?
develop and sell quality appliances worldwide
Which one of the following is included in the firm’s task environment?
stockholders
Logical incrementalism is a useful decision making mode when the environment is rapidly changing and when it is important to build consensus (T/F)
true
Member of the European Union (EU) include all of the following EXCEPT
malaysia
In the final phase of strategic management, strategic information is available to
people throughout the organization
Corporate strategy occurs at the business unit or product level (T/F)
false
One of the benefits of globalization is
economies of scale
The type of strategy which achieves corporate and business unit objectives and strategies by maximizing resource productivity is
functional
Which of the following is an example of a program?
reduce final assembly time to three days by having suppliers build plan sections
Canada, the United States, and Mexico are affiliated economically under which trade alliance?
NAFTA
Which theory proposes that once an organization is successfully established in a particular environmental niche, it is unable to adapt to changing conditions?
population ecology
Strategic planning within a small organization
may be informal or irregular
Population ecology is a theory that proposes organizations can and do adapt to change by imitating other successful organizations (T/F)
false
A checklist of questions, by area or issue that enables a systematic analysis to be made of various corporate functions and activities is referred to as a/an
strategic audit
The Strategic Management Model presents the following process of strategy formulation:
mission, objective, strategies, and policies
The ability of a corporation to shift from one dominant strategy to another is called
strategic flexibility
IBM under CEO Louis Gerstner and his strategic decision to invest in services in 1993, is an example of which mode of strategic decision making?
planning
As defined in this course, a policy is
a broad guideline for making decisions that links the formulation of strategy with its implementation
According to Henry Mintzberg, the three most typical approaches to strategic decision making are
entrepreneurial, adaptive, and planning
The S in S.W.O.T. stands for
strengths
The T in S.W.O.T. stands for
threats
The integrated internationalization of markets and corporations is called
globalization
Environmental sustainability reflects business practices to reduce a firm’s impact on the physical environment (T/F)
true
The development of long range plans for the effective management of environmental opportunities and threats in light of corporate strengths and weaknesses is known as
strategy formulation
Research suggests that strategic management evolves through four sequential phases in corporations. The first phase is
basic financial planning
A strategic decisions is rare, consequential, and directive (T/F)
false
Strategic Management includes:
internal and external environment scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementations, and evaluation and control
Phases of Strategic Management
1. basic financial planning, 2. forecast-based planning, 3. externally oriented strategic planning, and 4. strategic management
Benefits of Strategic Management
clearer sense of strategic vision for the firm, sharper focus on what is strategically important, and improved understanding of a rapidly changing environment
Risk of Climate Change include
regulatory risk, supply chain risk, product and technology risk, litigation risk, repetitional risk, and physical risk
Learning Organization
an organization skilled at creating, acquiring, and transferring knowledge and at modifying its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights
Main activities of a learning organization include
solving problems systematically, experimenting with new approaches, learning form past experience, history, and experiences of others, and transferring knowledge quickly and easily throughout the organization
Vision
describes what the organization would like to become
Objectives
the end results of planned activities
Strategies
form a comprehensive master plan that states how the corporation will achieve its mission and objectives (corporate, business, and functional)
Evaluation and Control
the process in which corporate activities and performance results are monitored so that actual performance can be compared to desired performance
Feedback/ Learning Process
revise or correct decisions based on performance
Triggering Event
something that acts as a stimulus for a change if strategy and can include: new CEO, external intervention, threat of change of ownership, performance gap, and strategic inflection point
Characteristics of Strategic Decision making include:
rare, consequential, and directive
Strategic Decisions Making Process
evaluate current performance results, reviewing corporate governance, scan and assess the external environment, scan and assess the internal corporate environment, analyze strategic (SWOT) factors, generate, evaluate and select the best alternative strategy, implement selected strategies, and evaluate implemented strategies
The real value of strategic planning is ___ and ___
strategic thinking; organizational learning
Organizations that engage in strategic management generally do not outperform those that do not (T/F)
false
The Phase Three of strategic management, externally-oriented planning, planning is given directly to lower-level managers as top management attempts to involve itself less (T/F)
false
Many companies today are becoming more horizontally managed, interactive organization while attempting to adapt more quickly to changing conditions by becoming “learning organizations” (T/F)
true
The effects of climate change on industries and companies throughout the world can be grounded into six categories of risks. among these risks is
all of the above
A business strategy describes a company’s overall direction in terms of its general attitude toward growth and the management of its various businesses and product lines (T/F)
false
Strategic decisions must be made by a conglomerate or group and must occur over an extended period of careful considerations (T/F)
true
The decision making mode that is characterized by a focus on opportunities and in which problems are secondary is the ___ mode of strategic decision making
entrepreneurial
A strategic audit includes an evaluation of current performance, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementations, and evaluation control (T/F)
true
Each question in a particular area of strategic audit must be ver specific to ensure that there in not a further dissection of any one question into additional sub questions (T/F)
false
The greater the level of planning intensity, the greater the level of financial performance (T/F)
true
Procedures are a system of sequential steps or techniques that describe in detail how a particular task or job is to be done (T/F)
true
A simple statement, such as “increased profitability”, is an objective, not a goal (T/F)
false
Most large organizations are set up through frequent evaluation periods which fundamental change in implemented (T/F)
false
The decision making mode that involves the systematic gathering of appropriate information for situations analysis, the generation of feasible alternative strategies and the rational selection of the most appropriate strategy is the ___ mode of strategic decision making
planning
Strategic decision making modes are entrepreneurial, adaptive, planning, and logical incrementalism (T/F)
true
Unlike many other decisions, strategic decisions deal with the long run future of an entire organization (T/F)
true
A ___ is a type of management diagnostic tool to pin point corporate wide problem areas and to highlight organizational strengths and weaknesses
strategic audit
To be effective, strategic management must be a formal process (T/F)
false
A difference between basic financial planning and forecasting based planning is
forecast based planning incorporates internal and external information
The variables structure, culture, and resources pertain to the
internal environment
Top-down planning that emphasizes formal strategy formulation and leaves the implementation issues to lower level management is known as
externally oriented planning
Knowing a company is mindful of its impact on the environment seldom changes consumer buying habits (T/F)
false
Which of the following is NOT a part of strategy implementation?
performance evaluation
In a survey of 50 corporations, which of the following was rated as a benefits of strategic management?
clear sense of vision for the firm
The type os strategy which emphasizes the improvement of the competitive position of a corporations products or services in a particular industry or market segment served by a business unit is
business
Which of the following statements is NOT true of strategic inflection point?
a new CEO is an example of a strategic inflection point

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