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Midterm

True or False – “‘Scalawags” was the derogatory name given to native white Republicans in the South.
True
True or False – Radical Republicans generally neglected the needs of black education in the South
False
The Military Reconstruction Act:
Required new state constitutions in the South
True or False – The Fourteenth Amendment recognized the validity of Confederate debts.
False
Under Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction:
10 percent of the 1860 voters had to take an oath of allegiance to the Union
The primary objective of the Ku Klux Klan was:
Oppressing blacks and white Republicans
Most scalawags were white southerners who had:
Opposed secession
The black codes enacted by southern legislatures:
Tried to restore key elements of slavery
True or False – A number of conspirators were punished for the assassination of President Lincoln.
True
True or False- After the House of Representatives impeached President Johnson, the Senate failed to convict him by just one vote.
True
After the war, rumors swept the South that ex-slaves would receive:
Forty acres and a mule
At the end of the Civil War, the newly freed slaves were given:
Medical and legal assistance from the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
True or False – During the war, the Republican-dominated Congress established a new Bank of the United States and sharply reduced tariffs.
False
Most carpetbaggers were:
Union veterans
True or False – The Fifteenth Amendment was ratified during the Civil War.
False
The Fourteenth Amendment:
Guaranteed equal legal protection to all citizens
The South’s greatest monetary loss stemmed from:
Loss of its slaves
Among its many tasks, the Freedmen’s Bureau in the South:
Set up schools
When, in late 1865, the former Confederate states sent a number of ex-Confederates to Congress, the Unionists in Congress:
Denied them their seats
The Civil Rights Act of 1866:
Was passed over Johnson’s veto
A person who worked the owners land in return for supplies and a share of the crop was called a _______.
Sharecropper
True or False – The crop-owe system allowed for merchants to furnish supplies in return for liens (or mortgages) on farmers’ crops.
False
True or False – Ida B. Wells was an African-American activist who spoke out against lynching, helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and promoted women’s suffrage.
True
“Separate but equal” southern social segregation was sometimes referred to as ______.
Jim Crow
True or False – From 1880 to 1900 the number of cotton mills in the South grew.
True
The opponents of southern redeemers called themselves the ______.
Bourbons
True or False – The Supreme Court ruling on the case Plessy v. Ferguson helped establish the “separate but equal” policies in the South.
True
What amendment gave all male citizens over 21 the right to vote?
15th
Tuskegee Institute founder:
Booker T. Washington
True or False – The sand-lot incident in San Francisco in 1877 led to animosity against Chinese immigrants.
True
Who founded the company that eventually became AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph Company)?
Alexander Graham Bell
Who was the first to sell discounted goods through mail-order catalogs?
Montgomery Ward
True or False – The number of inventions register at the U.S Patent Office remained fairly constant throughout the nineteenth century.
False
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was provoked by:
Wage cuts that followed a depression
A transcontinental railroad was NOT built before the Civil War because:
North-South sectional differences prevented Congress from selecting a route
True or False – The Haymarket affair took place in St. Louis.
False
The Knight of Labor:
Were not concerned with the color, creed, or sex of members
True of False – By the 1880s, most states had outlawed child labor.
False
Holding Companies:
Are firms that control the stock of other companies
True or False – Neither the government nor the public received much benefit from the support given to railroad construction.
False
By 1867, 90% of the Central Pacific workforce was:
Chinese
The Molly Maguires:
Aimed to right the perceived wrongs against Irish coal workers
The Socialist presidential candidate in 1912 was:
Eugene V. Debs
Jay Gould was:
The most notorious of the railroad robber barons
What industry was the first big business, the first magnet for the great financial markets, and the first industry to develop a large-scale management bureaucracy?
Railroads
The first transcontinental railroad:
Was build by the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroads
True or False – American railroads received government support in the form of land grants, loans, and cash subsidies.
True
True or False – Most Americans experienced a rising standard of living in the late nineteenth century.
True
True or False – Theodore Roosevelt initiated more anti-trust suits than any president in history.
False
The title of the novel that described the terrible conditions of the meatpacking industry was:
The Jungle
The Adamson Act of 1916:
Established the eight-hour day for railroad workers
True or False – The population election of senators required a constitutional amendment.
True
In the progressive period:
Many groups — blacks, the poor, the unorganized — had little influence
What describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses?
Regulate big business
The Seventeenth Amendment:
Authorized the popular election of U.S. senators.
Francis Willard lobbied:
For women to become ministers
At the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911:
Workers died as a result of a fire
Jane Addams called the impulse to found settlement houses:
“Christian humanitarianism”
The National Child Labor Committee pushed:
For laws banning the widespread employment of young children
In 1917 a prohibition amendment to the Constitution:
Passed Congress, then went to the states for ratification
What does WCTU stand for:
Women’s Christian Temperance Union
The Hepburn Act of 1906:
Authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum rates for railroads
The muckrakers saw their primary objective as:
Exposing social problems to the public
Frederick W. Taylor:
was an efficiency expert
They Clayton Anti-Trust Act:
Outlawed price discrimination and interlocking directorates
True of False – Theodore Roosevelt gave muckrakers their name.
True
True or False – Woodrow Wilson was elected president in 1908.
False
Which candidate was shot during the 1912 presidential campaign?
Theodore Roosevelt
Which measure did Progressives not support as a measure to democratize government?
Poll tax
True or False – Progressives generally believed government should not interfere with big business.
False

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