Which of the following statements is true of information systems?
Every information system has at least one application.
Which of the following statements is true about the relationship between business processes and information systems?
A business process need not relate to any information system, but an information system relates to at least one business process.
A ________ is a person who is well versed in an organization’s strategy and focuses on ensuring that business processes and information systems meet the organization’s competitive strategies.
________ are IS professionals who understand both business and information technology.
A ________ is a network of activities, repositories, roles, resources, and flows that interact to accomplish a business function
In a business process, ________ are defined as collections of related tasks that receive inputs and produce outputs.
In a business process, an inventory or a database is an example of a ________.
In a business process, a role refers to ________.
a collection of activities
In a business process, resources are ________.
people or computer applications that are assigned to roles
In business process management (BPM), an as-is model ________.
documents the existing business process
In business process management (BPM), once the as-is model is created, the very next step that a team must take is to ________.
look for improvement opportunities
Which of the following are the steps in the business process management (BPM) cycle?
model processes; create components; implement processes; assess results
Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT) is often used in the ________ stage of the business process management (BPM) cycle.
________ set the stage for the requirements for any information systems and applications that need to be created or adapted
Business process models
Which of the following can be represented using the Business Process Modeling Notation?
________ is a standard set of terms and graphical notations for documenting business processes.
Business Process Modeling Notation
Which of the following statements is true of the swim-lane layout used for modeling the business processes?
It draws attention to the interactions among components of the diagram.
In a Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) diagram, a ________ symbol represents an activity
In a Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) diagram, ________ represent decisions and usually contain a question that is answered with yes or no.
In a Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) diagram, dotted arrows depict the flow of ________ in the process.
messages and data
In a Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) diagram, ________ depict the flow or sequence of activities in a process.
In Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) diagrams, a square with a plus sign means that ________.
an activity is considered to be a subprocess of a process
The traditional process for developing information systems is ________.
the systems development life cycle
The first phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) is ________.
defining the system
The final phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) is ________.
maintaining the system
The project plan which results from defining the system is the input to ________, which is the second phase of the SDLC.
The first step in the system definition phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) is to ________.
determine the goals and scope
Once the project’s goals and scope have been defined, the next immediate step in the system definition phase of the SDLC is to ________.
Which of the following are the four dimensions of feasibility?
cost, schedule, technical, and organizational feasibility
Organizational feasibility assesses ________.
whether the new system fits within the organization’s customs or legal requirements
If a defined project is determined to be feasible in the SDLC, the next immediate step is to ________.
form the project team
During the requirements definition stage of developing an information system, the project team will consist mostly of ________.
business and systems analysts
In the system definition phase of the SDLC, the first major task for an assembled project team is to ________.
plan the project
Which of the following phases of the SDLC include identifying what is to be produced, how frequently, and how fast it is to be produced?
The ________ phase of the SDLC involves determining hardware and program specifications, designing the database and procedures, and creating job definitions.
Tasks in the ________ phase of the SDLC include building and testing system components and converting users to the new system.
A(n) ________ is a formal description of a system’s response to use and misuse scenarios.
During the system implementation phase of the SDLC, once a system has passed testing, the organization installs the new system. Which of the following terms is used to refer to this activity?
In the system implementation phase of the SDLC, with ________ installation, the organization implements the entire new system/business processes on a limited portion of the business
In the system implementation phase of the SDLC, with ________ installation, the new system runs alongside the old one until it has been tested and is fully operational
In the context of system implementation phase of the SDLC, a ________ installation is the riskiest because the old system is shut down and the new system is introduced.
In the system implementation phase of the SDLC, with the ________ installation, the organization installs the next piece of the system only after the previous piece works
Fixing a system so that it works correctly, or adapting it to changes in requirements, occurs during the ________ phase of the SDLC
In systems development, documents, designs, prototypes, data models, database designs, and working data entry screens are examples of ________.
Project teams create a ________, which is a hierarchy of the tasks required to complete a project
work breakdown structure
A ________ shows the tasks, dates, and dependencies for the tasks of a project.
A ________ is a sequence of activities that determine the earliest date by which a project can be completed.
A ________ involves balancing three critical factors: requirements, cost, and time
According to Brooks’ Law, adding more people to a late project will ________.
create diseconomies of scale
The situation where addition of resources creates inefficiencies is known as ________.
diseconomies of scale
The final work breakdown structure (WBS) plan shows planned tasks, dependencies, durations, and resource assignments. It is denoted as ________ WBS
The term ________ refers to a set of management policies, practices, and tools that developers use to maintain control over the SDLC project’s resources
The SDLC process follows a linear sequence from requirements to design to implementation. Therefore, the SDLC process is also known as the ________.
Rapid application development, the unified process, extreme programming, and scrum have led to ________.
Which of the following is true of paired programming?
two team members share the same computer to write a computer program together
According to the scrum process, once the tasks are known for a given set of requirements, the next step is to assign each task a difficulty score, called ________.
The total number of points of work a team can accomplish in each scrum period is called
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