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Modern World History – Chapter 5 Section 1

Bessemer Process
A method for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron to burn out excess carbon and impurities
Thomas Edison
United States inventor; inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope (1847-1931
Gottlieb Daimler:
German engineer and automobile manufacturer who produced the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1834-1900
Henry Ford:
(United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947
Wilbur and Orville Wrigh
two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who were credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight.
Guglielmo Marconi
Italian electrical engineer who invented wireless telegraphy and in 1901 transmitted radio signals across the Atlantic Ocean (1874-1937)
Alfred Krupp
German arms manufacturer and son of Friedrich Krupp; his firm provided ordnance for German armies from the 1840s through World War II (1812-1887
Interchangeable Parts
dentical components that can be used in place of one another in manufacturing
Assembly Line
Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks.
Corporation
business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment.
Cartel
Association of large corporations formed to fix prices, set production quotas or divide up markets.
How did the Industrial Revolution spread in the 1800s
by the invention of the steam engine which powered factories
Why were other nations able to challenge Britain’s leadership in industry
they could make products cheaper and better
Example of how science helped industry expand?
inventions in medicine from aspirins to new perfumes and soaps to margarine, Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and food production.
How did the need for capital lead to new ways of organizing business
the more capital potential business owners have, the more inept they are to start a business. Newer, more thought out plans etc.

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