Which of the following is a factor that contributed to the formation of the Farmers’ Alliance?
low crop prices
During the late 19th century, why might an American farmer have supported the Populist Movement?
Populists advocated federal intervention to counter economic challenges that many farmers faced.
Which statement explains why maintaining the gold standard had a negative impact on American farmers in the late 19th century?
It restricted the size of the money supply, which kept crop prices from rising.
Which two groups favored passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act?
farmers and miners
Which of the following factors contributed to the Homestead Strike (1892)?
cut in wages for steelworkers
Which invention was in use before the Second Industrial Revolution?
Which of these increased rapidly during the first several decades of the Second Industrial Revolution?
immigration to the U.S. and union activism
Which change led to a transition from the First to the Second Industrial Revolution in the United States?
improvements in transportation
The cartoon below was published in the late 1800s: What term would people who agreed with this cartoon used to describe the men shown?
Why did business owners in the late 19th century attempt to establish trusts?
to control markets in order to maximize profits
Which of the following would be a goal of a company that practiced horizontal integration?
to purchase or control its competitors
The image below shows the drawing used to obtain a patent: Who received the patent for this device?
Madame C.J. Walker was an entrepreneur who became successful by improving and selling which of the following?
Which African-American inventor received numerous patents for improvements on the functioning of steam engines?
Which pull factor drew increasing numbers of immigrants to the United States during the late 19th century and early 20th century?
a dream of economic opportunities
Which of the following was an effect of increased migration to cities during the early 20th century?
an increase in women working outside of the home
The text below is from a U.S. government act in 1882:
“Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the expiration of ninety days next after the passage of this act, and until the expiration of ten years next after the passage of this act, the coming of Chinese laborers to the United States be, and the same is hereby, suspended; and during such suspension it shall not be lawful for any Chinese laborer to come, or having so come after the expiration of said ninety days to remain within the United States.”This government act was passed in response to which of the following?
nativist protests in the West against Chinese immigrant laborers
What was one effect of the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924?
It reduced immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Which of the following focused on helping immigrants adjust to life in America?
the settlement house movement
Which of these was a central belief of the Social Gospel movement?
Christians have a responsibility to take care of the poor and suffering
Which factor produced gains in union membership in the United States?
the passage of laws guaranteeing the right to unionize and bargain collectively
Which of the following did union organizers believe was necessary, in order for industrial workers to gain wage increases?
the right to bargain collectively
Which statement describes a major disagreement between the Knights of Labor (KOL) and the American Federation of Labor (AFL)?
The KOL appealed to unskilled workers, while the AFL was limited to skilled workers.
In the late 1860s, Tammany Hall was associated with which of the following?
The graph below shows the level of voter turnout in presidential elections from 1824 to 2008: Based on the information in the graph and what you’ve learned in this course, which statement below is true?
Voter turnout at the end of the 19th century declined because of the breakup of political machines.
Which explains why the National Women’s Party was successful in their suffrage movement?
It used aggressive protest tactics on a countrywide (nationwide) level, instead of state-by-state.
Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot agreed on which of the following policy changes?
America’s natural resources needed to be managed and conserved.
The cartoon below was published in the late 1880s:
With which of the following is this cartoon associated? (2 points)
Which social issue does the cartoon address? (2 points)
Based on the cartoon, what is the artist’s point of view? (2 points)
the daily struggle of child laborers leads to the wealth of stockbrokers
The map above would aid a person in the study of (2 points)
the effects of reconstruction on former slaves in the south
Based on the political cartoon, which conclusion can be made about Boss Tweed and the Democratic Party political machine known as Tammany Hall? (2 points)
The substantial power held by boss tweed and Tammany hall was achieved through political corruption
How might the Knights of Labor have developed if its members had admitted belonging to the union? (5 points)
Development would have suffered because many of the workers would have been fired.
Which characteristic of the American Federation of Labor might make it more appealing to workers with families? (5 points)
Striking workers received benefits and support.
Which was a consequence of the Haymarket Square Riot? (5 points)
eroded support for the Knights of Labor
What was one difference between the Knights of Labor (KOL) and the American Federation of Labor (AFL)? (5 points)
The KOL admitted women and African Americans.
What can be concluded about the demise of the Knights of Labor? (5 points)
The public wanted a more moderate approach to labor issues.
In the economy of Nation A, natural laws of economics such as supply and demand completely control the economy with no interference from government. This is an example of a (5 points)
What was the main goal of labor unions by the end of the 19th century? (5 points)
higher wages and better working conditions
Which factor most greatly limited union growth at the end of the 19th century? (5 points)
hostility of business towards unions
Which type of economic system was favored by small business owners? (5 points)
Which type of economy is practiced in the United States today? (5 points)
The snake in the cartoon represents which group of people? (5 points)
Who does the woman being threatened by the snake represent? (5 points)
Why is the person holding the cross standing over the Bible? (5 points)
The cartoon is a reference to the man’s speech.
Which of the following would the person holding the cross support? (5 points)
What was one success achieved by Granges? (5 points)
State laws limited transport and storage charges.
Which government agency was created to regulate the railroads? (5 points)
Interstate Commerce Commission
Which of the following re-established the silver dollar as a form of currency and committed the U.S. government to the purchase of a certain amount of silver each month for coinage? (5 points)
Which of these parties was also known as the People’s Party? (5 points)
What began the Panic of 1893? (5 points)
Gold dropped below a certain level in the U.S. Treasury.
Which group was key to McKinley’s victory in the presidential election of 1896? (5 points)
Sarah E. Goode
folding cabinet bed
assembly line production
self lubricating steam engine
Madame CJ Walker
Lewis Howard Latimer
Improved light bulbs and lamps
Alternating current power
Three-position traffic signal
Granville T Woods
Third rail for electric trains
Railroad sleeping car
Which of the following is an example of vertical integration? (8 points)
Which of the following was a direct result of the growth of the railroad industry? (8 points)
increased settlement in the West
Which of the following shows a similarity in the business practices of John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie? (8 points)
Both tried to control competition to increase profits.
Which word describes the role Henry Flager played in the growth of Florida in the late 1800s? (8 points)
What was the main benefit of scientific management? (8 points)
It encouraged workers to create goods more quickly and efficiently.
Women social activists were heavily involved in which of these Progressive Era movements? (1 point)
Which of these gave President Roosevelt a reputation as a Progressive? (1 point)
supporting the Pure Food and Drug Act
Which social reformer would support this cause above all others? (1 point)
What is the message of this political cartoon? (1 point)
Money can buy political power.
During the second half of the 19th century, which of these had the greatest amount of power in American cities? (1 point)
Which group worked to reduce the power of political machines during the late 19th and early 20th century? (1 point)
In which of the following ways was the labor movement successful during the late 19th century? (1 point)
organizing unions for skilled workers
Which factor limited the growth of union membership among unskilled workers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries? (1 point)
the growth of the unskilled workforce as a result of immigration
How did the Knights of Labor differ from previous labor organizations? (1 point)
It opened membership to unskilled workers, women, and minorities.
Which explains how the aims of the Jane Addams’ settlement house project differed from the aims of Social Gospel supporters? (1 point)
Addams was driven by political motivations, while Social Gospel supporters had religious interests.
People adhering to which of the following philosophical points of view would oppose social reform? (1 point)
Members of the Social Gospel movement supported which of these? (1 point)
laws limiting child labor
The cartoon below was published in the United States in 1928: What was the purpose of this cartoon? (1 point)
to support nativist anti-immigration sentiment
Which factor resulted in passage of the Immigration Act of 1924? (1 point)
Which factor made it more difficult for new immigrants to be assimilated into American society? (1 point)
New immigrants often did not speak English.
The graph below compares the size of the urban and rural population in the United States during the first four decades of the 20th century: Which statement about the period from 1900 to 1930 is true, based on interpretation of both sections of the graph? (1 point)
While the percentage of people living in rural areas declined, the population in rural areas increased.
Which of these resulted in the greatest shift of American workers from agriculture to industry? (1 point)
the Great Migration
The map below shows the growth of the urban population in the United States from 1870 to 1930:
Which statement explains one reason for the change in urban population in the Northeast from 1870 to 1900? (1 point)
Millions of immigrants arrived from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Which American industrialist developed a style of rail car that was named for him? (1 point)
Who was responsible for an invention that resembled the craft shown in this image? (1 point)
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Who was responsible for pioneering the production method shown in the photograph above? (1 point)
Based on this cartoon, what were business practices like in the late 1800s and early 1900s? (1 point)
Consolidated corporations gained traction and began to squeeze out smaller businesses and individuals.
The creation of trusts was a common tactic used to exercise control in which of these areas? (1 point)
The spread of railroad networks throughout the United States during the 19th century contributed to which of these trends? (1 point)
Which of these decreased steadily during the Second Industrial Revolution? (1 point)
Which policy did the U.S. government favor during the late 19th century to develop frontier regions? (1 point)
land grants to railroad companies
Which form of transportation did not become popular until the 20th century? (1 point)
Which phrase can be used to accurately complete the diagram? (1 point)
industry in the United States becomes increasingly consolidated
Which of the following is an effect of the Second Industrial Revolution in the United States? (1 point)
expansion of urban areas
What describes a pull factor that drew African Americans during the Great Migration? (1 point)
the availability of good jobs in the North and West
The passage below is an excerpt from the Populist Party Platform of 1892:
Our country finds itself confronted by conditions for which there is not precedent in the history of the world; our annual agricultural productions amount to billions of dollars in value, which must, within a few weeks or months, be exchanged for billions of dollars’ worth of commodities consumed in their production; the existing currency supply is wholly inadequate to make this exchange; the results are falling prices, the formation of combines and rings, the impoverishment of the producing class.
What proposal did the Populist Party make to address the problems outlined in its platform? (1 point)
allowing the free coining of silver
The cartoon below appeared in a 1904 magazine:An image of William Jennings Bryant walking along railroad tracks, following a sign To Salt River. He is holding a carpet bag with a gold cross, crown of thorns, and a megaphone. Other business people and politicians follow behind him.
Library of Congress 25870
Which of the following social issues is this cartoon meant to highlight? (1 point)
politicians’ failed attempts to live up to their promises for free silver
Which group supported farmers’ efforts to regulate railroad shipping rates? (1 point)
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