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Motivation within a workplace

Within this report I will go into greater detail of what motivation is and the various methods used to maintain motivation. I have decided to focus my essay on the techniques undergone by the highly successful superstore ASDA. Along with evaluating the effectiveness and proficiency I shall also recommend an alternative strategy which could be put into practise. Furthermore I will focus on any areas of conflict and ways to resolve them.

To further enhance my understanding, I will briefly outline motivational theorists and how ASDA can include them within their co-operation. It is crucial that all staff is interested and driven inside the job as this will allow them to take full advantage and have an enjoying time whilst at their workplace. Below I will expand on all of these points to intensify my knowledge on how to motivate others and also how a particular business currently motivates employee. Companies can motivate employees to do a better job than they otherwise would. Incentives that can be offered to staff include increased pay or improved working conditions.

Motivational theories suggest ways to encourage employees to work harder. [1] Motivation is about the ways a business can encourage staff to give their best.

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Motivated staff care about the success of the business and work better. After deciding which organisation to explore, it came to my attention that ASDA is one of the biggest superstores which uses a variety of techniques to motivate their staff.

Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviours. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. It involves the biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate behaviour. In everyday usage, the term motivation is frequently used to describe why a person does something.

For example, you might say that a student is so motivated to get into a clinical psychology program that she spends every night studying. Psychologists have proposed a number of different theories of motivation, including drive theory, instinct theory and humanistic theory which I will explain in further detail. [2] Motivation is the force that makes us do things: this is a result of our individual needs being satisfied (or met) so that we have inspiration to complete the task. These needs vary from person to person as everybody has their individual needs to motivate themselves. Depending on how motivated we are, it may further determine the effort we put into our work and therefore increase the standard of the output.

When we suggest factors (or needs) that determine the motivation of employees in the workplace, almost everyone would immediately think of a high salary. This answer is correct for the reason that some employees will be motivated by money, but mostly wrong for the reason that it does not satisfy others (to a lasting degree). This supports the statement that human motivation is a personal characteristic, and not a one fits all option. [3]

A successful workplace is one in which people enjoy their work. Employees are most likely to be motivated when they are given responsibility. High-performance workplace achieves the best results. To gain the commitment of employees it is important that managers are dedicated to the welfare and development of these employees. [4] There are a number of factors that motivate and de motivates individuals in the work place.

The factors depend on the needs of the individual and the organisation and some of these can lead to conflict. It is extremely crucial to have motivation within an organisation as it can have an effect on the output of a business and concerns both quantity and quality. Any business heavily relies on the efficiency of production staff to make sure that all the products are manufactured in number that meets demand for the week. If these employees lack the motivation to produce completed products to meet the demand, then a problem will occur leading to disastrous consequences. Employees are the greatest asset to any business no matter how efficient technology or equipment the business may have; it is no match for the effectiveness and efficiency of staff.

Theorist

The concept of motivation has been studies for many years beyond the 19th century. As a result of this a number of theorists have produced their own conclusion and consequently there is a wide range of motivational theory produced. Various business organisations such as ASDA will comply with these theories and use them as a guideline. As the theorist specialize in these areas, their theory’s are correct and can be applied with any business to ensure the highest success of any organisation. Firstly, I will briefly outline the theorist and later on I will go into further elaboration whether ASDA use any of these methods to make their staff motivated.

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