National Culture Differences & organization
There are several examples of how national cultures differ. These were mainly put in to countryclusters by the Hofstede, who came up with five main dimensions of national culture differences. These are individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity and term orientation. (Francesco and Gold, 2005, p. 283 ) Power distance is the extent toward how people in agree that power should be distributed. High power distance is exhibited by many Latin American countries, Indonesia, Belgium, France and some African countries.
Low power distance is characterized by Anglo countries and Nordic countries. (Francesco and Gold, 2005, p. 283 ) Individualism is level to which people express pride and loyalty how they regard resources as their personal gains. Collectivism is the level to which people distribute resources and task equally to every stake holders. Individualism is characteristic of countries like Belgium , Anglo countries, France and others. On the contrary, collectivism is embraced in countries like Indonesia, Singapore, Columbia and Latin America.
(Francesco and Gold, 2005, p. 283 ) Masculinity is the level to which organizations distribute roles with preference to gender. Masculinity is common in Ecuador, Mexico and Japan,Hong Kong and Anglo countries. In the contrary, Femininity is common in Nordic countries. (Francesco
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On the contrary, low uncertainty avoidance is common in Philippines, Iran, Anglo countries and African countries. (Francesco and Gold, 2005, p. 283 ) Future orientation is the level to which people plan the for the future by either investing or saving resources. Long term orientation is common in North American countries and Europe. This dimension is medium in Asian countries and lower in African countries. (Francesco and Gold, 2005, p. 283 )