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online us history modual 14

what manufacturing method made Fords cars more affordable
the assembly line
which of the following describes Henry Fords contributions to American society in the 1920s
Fords ideas revolutionized productions, wages, working conditions, and daily life
how did Henry Ford take the technique of mass production to new heights
Ford introduced the moving assembly line
why did the Model T have such a dramatic impact on the economy
the Model T was the first car that ordinary people could afford
how did scientific management help Henry Ford improve making of automobiles
scientific management increased the efficiency of his operation
what was the impact of Henry Fords automobile on the United States
automobiles sparked economic growth and social change
why did Americans rush into buying stocks in the 1920s
to get rich quickly
what were the main elements of the consumer revolution
affordable goods, electrical power, advertising, and credit
how did installment buying contribute to the consumer revolution
installment buying allowed people to own products before they had paid them off
how did the bull market affect consumer behavior
more people put money in stocks hoping to get rich
what was one major danger of buying stock on margin
if the stock price fell, the buyer still had to pay the balance owed
which of the following sentences best describes difference in urban and rural America in the late 1920s
farmers faced growing debt while corporate salaries climbed
what traditional form of business regulation did Harding want to return to
how did Andrew Mellons ideas favor business
Mellon supported low taxes on business and reduced government regulation
which of the following describes Herbert Hoovers goals as Secretary of Commerce
Hoover workded for Progressive reform through cooperation rather than legislation
what principles did Calvin Coolidge believe would lead to economic growth for the country
Coolidge believed in trimming the budget, reducing the national debt, and lowering taxes
which President favored a return to a more traditional laissez-faire approach to business
Warren G. Harding
how did Calvin Coolidge support big business
he lowered taxes to give incentives for business
what did Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall get in return for leasing oil reserves properties to private oilmen
which of the following describes the behavior of Charles Forbes, head of the Veterans Bureau
Forbes wasted hundreds of milions of taxpayer dollars on overpriced items
what was the teapot Dome scandal
the Interior Secretary leased oil reserves from the Navy Department to private companies in exchange for bribes
which of the following were effects of the Teapot Dome scandal
Albert Fall went to prison and Warren G. Hardings reputation was tarnished
what did world leaders agree to at the washington naval disarmanent conference
to limit the number of warships they built
what did the United States hope to achieve by joining France to sign the Kellogg-Briand Pact
to outlaw war as an instrument of national policy
how did the Washington Naval Disarmament Conference help support world peace efforts in the 1920s
world leaders agreed to limit construction of large warships
which of the following was least effective at supporting world peace efforts
Kellogg-Briand Pact
who benefited from the transactions that become known as the Teapot Dome Scandal
Albert Fall and private oil companies
in what way did Calvin Coolidge agree with Andrew Mellon
Coolidge and Mellon believed in lowering taxes to give incentives for businesses
which of the following best describes Herbert Hoovers approach to resolving disputes between business and labor
voluntary cooperation
why was the introduction of the assembly line crucial to the success of the Model T
the assembly line allowed Henry Ford to keep dropping the sale price
what was the issue at the heart of the Scopes Trail
the theory of evolution
how did modernism differ from fundamentalism
modernism emphasized science and secular values. Fundamaentalism followed traditional ideas about religion
in general, how did life for rural americans differ from life for urban Americans
Rural Americans could not take part in the consumer culture or the new forms of leisure
how did the Scopes Trial illustrate the rural-urban split in the 1920s
the Scopes Trial represented a clash between rural fundamentalism and urban modernism
how did Clarence Darrows defense of John Scopes highlight the cultural and religious devisions between rural and urban areas
Darrow used science to try to cast doubt on traditional religious beliefs
what did the National Prgins Act do
it effectively closed Americas “golden door” to some ethnic groups
what was the purpose of the quota system set up by the Emergency Quota Act and the National Orgins Act
to restrict immigration from southern and Eastern Europe
why did the nativists oppose immigrants
Nativists believed immigrants threatened American traditions
which act set up a formula to govern immigration from specific countries
National Orgins Act
which country was exempt from immigration quotas in the 1920s
what was different abou the revived Ku Klux Klan
it expanded its activites beyond the persecution of African Americnas
how did the new Ku Klux Klan differ from the old Ku Klux Klan
the new Ku Klux Klan targeted Jews, Catholics, and immigrants in addiction to African Americans
what motivated the Ku Klux Klan to act
members of the Ku Klux Klan were afraid of the change brought by modernism
what was one of the motivews of the revived Ku Klux Klan
to target Jews, Catholics, and immigrants
what was behind the Ku Klux Klans confident facade
Americans fearful of change
most Americans who opposed the Ku Klux Klan embraced what notion
that America was a “melting pot”
which amendment to the Constitution banned the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol anywhere in the United States
the Eighteenth Amendment
what success could advocates of Prohibition point to
alcoholism and liver disease declined during Prohibition
what failure did critics of Prohibition cite
an increase in organized crime
why did Congress pass the Volstead Act after states ratified the Eighteenth Amendment
the Volstead Act provided enforcement
how were bootleggers able to sell alcohol in many cities
police and politicians did not enforce Prohibition laws
what were two effects of the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead Act
a decrease in alcoholism and an increase in organized crime
what split did the Scopes Trail reveal
which of the following accurately describes modernism
an emphasis on science and secular values
what motivated the Ku Klux Klans fear and violence
an increase in racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity
how did new laws change U.S. immigration policy in the 1920s
the laws introduced a quota system
even though many African Americans moved north, what had they not truly escaped from
racism and oppression
what idea did Marcus Garvey promote
universal black nationalism
why did Marcus Garvey promote black nationalism and a “Back to Africa” movement
because Garvey believed the only way blacks would have equality was through separation of the races
what was the one important conclusion that Marcus Garvey drew from his travels
Blacks were exploited everywhere
for what is Marcus Garvey most noted
he advocated the separation of the races
what trumpet player was the unofficial ambassador of jazz
Louis Armstrong
which of the following describes the orgins of jazz
jazz developed in the South and moved north with the migration of African Americans
Louis Armstrong and Bessie Smith are best known for the influence thye had on jazz in what role
soloists in jazz bands
which of the following describes the impact of jazz
jazz bridged the races and served as a symbol of the promise of America
in waht urban area was the new mood held by African Americans expressed the most
in the harlem section of New York City
what themes did Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston explore in their writings
independence and celebration of African American culture and life
how did Jean Toomers Cane set the tone for the Harlem Renaissance
the stories, poems, and sketches in Cane served as a plea to remember and preserve the past
Claude McKay is known for what kind of tone in his writing
anger and militancy
Langston Hughes is known for what theme in his writing
the diversity of African American life
which of the following describes a theme in the work of Zora Neale Hurston
the desire for personal freedom felt by both black and white women
what lasting impact did the Harlem Renaissance have
the Harlem Renaissance created a sense of African American identity that supported the later civil rights movement
which of the Harlem Renaissance writers was most known for writing with a sense of anger and militancy
Claude McKay
what person or groups were influenced by the racial and economic philosophies of Marcus Garvey
the Nation of Islam and the Black Power Movement
what two jazz greats are legendary for their influence as soloists
Louis Armstron and Bessie Smith
which of the following describes themes explored by the novelists, poets, and artists of the Harlem Renaissance
the culture of African Americans and questions of race in the United States
what helped jazz spread and gain popularity around the world
phonograph records and the radio
during the 1920s, what happened to the income of the wealthy
it increased
in 1928, Herbert Hoover said: “(America) has come nearer to the abolition of poverty than humanity has ever reached before.” what group of Americans at that time woul ddisagree with his statement
what demand and rising debt were a problem for which sector of the economy
what happened on October 29, 1929
the stock market crashed
which institutions were the first to feel the impact of the stock market crash
the banks
which of the following describes stock speculation
speculation is a gamble taht the price of a stock will increase and an investor will make money
waht was the significance of Black Tuesday
on Black Tuesday, the stock market lost billions of dollars
how did the stock market crash contribute to the Great Depression
the stock market crash started a chain of events that caused the American economy to collapse
which of the following describes the chain of events that followed the stock market crash of 1929
after the crash, frightened depositiors withdrew their money and banks failed. Companies fired workers and closed factories
how did the Hawley-Smoot Tariff make the Depression worse
the Hawley-Smoot Tariff helped destroy European markets for American goods
which of the following was a contributing factor to the spread of the Depression around the world
Germany ceased reparation payments
which of the following helped the Depression spread overseas
the Depression spread when U.S. banks cut back on loans because of the crisis at home
why did Congress pass the Hawley-Smoot Tariff
to protect prices on Aemrican goods
what did the Hawley-Smoot Tariff end up doing
destroying international trade
what was one of the causes of the Great Depression
unsold agricultural surplus
how did Herbert Hoover view the U.S. economy as he campainged for President
Hoover saw unparalledled prosperity across the country
why did the Great Crash represent a hallmark in the U.S. business cycle
the Great Crash signaled a severe contraction of the economy
how did Hawlwy-Smoot Tariff help spread the Depression overseas
the Hawley-Smoot Tariff caused other countries to retaliate , so markets for American goods dried up
which of the following describes the situation of farmers in the 1920s
demand for crops fell as farmers’ debts rose
which of the following helped hide the weakness in teh economy in the 1920s
easy credit
what was the result of the problems plaquing the agricultureal sector in the 1920s
depression in rural areas
what was the danger of stock speculation
stock prices would decline and investors would lose money
which of the following was one reason the Depression spread overseas
the United States had to curtail its loans to Europe
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