There are two major classes of operating systems available for users which are Unix and Microsoft. For more than three decades, Unix computer operating system has been in use. After several failures in the early 1960’s, Unix appears as a reliable time sharing operating system and offers an environment which possess unusual simplicity, elegance, and power. On the other hand, the main competitor of Unix is Microsoft, which introduced windows in 1983 and has been accepted in masses due to its rising power of microcomputers with intel-compatible processors that provides a platform particularly for windows users.
Moreover, Linux has also been developed for microcomputers, which is a new version of Unix. Microsoft has been very successful in its financial position and Windows has performed extremely well to fulfill the requirements of the mass market. Apart from that there are many astonishing features available in details from step by step computer user interfaces to the professionals who demands powerful user interfaces to accomplish their tasks. Whereas, in mid nineties Linux has faced embarrassment on Redhat distribution, having the same marketing and development budget it is unable to compete with Microsoft Windows.
Moreover, it was decided by the developers if Linux to start the Open Source Software movement, through which the software can be improved from the free sharing of its source code. This process will help the programmers to voluntarily spend their time to develop software for free, which was done with Linux, and it is available to users for free. Furthermore, As compared to Windows, the marketing of Linux has been inadequate, which is reflected from its lack of acceptance among less technical users.
On the other hand, Windows has developed a strong relationship with PC hardware manufacturers from day one, which resulted in large sales volume because Windows are installed in almost every new PC. However, Windows has been successful in satisfying the demands of many new computer users, and the rewards in terms of time and money involved in providing assistance to its users, which clearly differentiates itself from Linux as a better operating system (Murphy, 2004).
There are many characteristics offered in Windows which greatly facilitates users to perform their assigned task in a timely and user friendly work environment. One of the main characteristics of Windows is its graphical user interface which allows users to work simultaneously on many tasks in different ways. Due to this, some critics censures that these many features sometimes amalgamate over one another which makes it very complex for users. In comparison, many people perceive Linux as more streamlined.
Generally, there are many features of Windows GUI which are not found in Linux which results in typing textual instructions by users into a command-line interface. After considering many factors, Linux is still being used by many people due to its various functions that are not available in Windows. As Linux architecture is much flexible, stable, and secure than Windows, it is less vulnerable and have a capability to run continuously for months or even years without any fault.
Besides, Windows has some security flaws and after some time it is likely to suffer from viruses and worms, which are not found in Linux (Hook, 2008). After analyzing both the operating systems, it is found out that there are very few and basic differences between Windows and Linux which can never be neglected and will always remain to set them apart. It cannot be said that which one is better, but it can be said that they are different with each other. ?
Paul Murphy. (2004). What Differentiates Linux from Windows? Alexander Hook. (2008). Unix Versus Windows.