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Organisations employing open or closed systems

Generally people consider Systems thinking as an important for part for the Organizational Change or OC practitioners as well as managers. An open system can be defined as the organization that has contact with its environment, flows, information and interactions. It is usually defined as the congeries of the interdependent flows as well as activities that can link shifting coalitions of the participants embedded in the wider material resources as well as institutional environments. Usually organizations prefer open systems because of the following characteristics:

• Self-maintenance: Agents can take the resources from environ...

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...ment to survive. • Protection: There is no need for the Systems to protect themselves from the environment that they have to use as the source of information. • Boundaries: They do not have any kind of boundaries that can be sometimes very difficult to define. • Sub-systems: There are many sub-systems stems linked in the dynamic Interaction. • Negentropy: Energy turns into the work that is opposite of the entropy that never Turns into the work.

They take energy from environment and recreate themselves. • Morphostasis & Morphogenesis: Morphostasis is process that sustains the system for e. g. in case of socialization as well as control activities while morphogenesis is the process that changes the system attributes like learning, growth, as well as differentiation. The main advantage of the Open systems theory is that it takes systems thinking a step further. This is because the Systems Theory can change the diagnostic focus from individual to the system.

Besides this, the Open Systems Theory also helps in recognizing the fact that system itself can be embedded in other, larger systems. the larger system, as well as its environment, can exert a substantial influence on effective working of an organization. Being OC practitioners it is necessary to see all the system-wide problems existing within walls of organization. For that, it is necessary to be aware of environment where the organization is operating. Environment of a business organization generally includes customers, government regulators, suppliers, competitors, and so on.

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