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Participative Management versus Authoritarian Management

A manager may need to take on various styles of management with respect to the many variables that may affect a company’s day to day activity. Some of these variables may be the manager’s role in the organization, his ability to lead as well as the ability of his subordinates to work efficiently and effectively. The most common manner in which to distinguish which style a leader should adopt in various situations are two folds. The first is the degree of emotional/relationship dependence that the employees have with their leader/manager and the second is the degree dependence in terms of the job or the task that they have to do.

This however, is just one, very basic and simple way to categorize management styles. It seems to ignore the various other variables that have a profound effect on leadership such as the interpersonal skills or the ability to handle different types of people of a manager. It excludes the different company, culture, and element of diversity of its people. The research report on hand is intended to primarily focus on two management styles. They are Participative & Authoritarian management styles.

Relevance:

One cannot underestimate the importance of different management styles in their ability to derive up motivation and increase employee morale. A work environment wherein an employee feels that his input/job will have a profound impact on the success of the company will ultimately feel more in control with a heightened sense of responsibility towards his actions. This increased sense of empowerment will allow them to feel more in twined and more committed to the success/failure of the organization.

More committed employees will ultimately reduce employee turnover and allow the organization to save many costs that they would have otherwise incurred in recruiting, selecting, hiring and finally training new employees. Research Focus: The primary research focus of the research report lay in understanding the differences between the two approaches with respect to how they may affect a manager’s ability to motivate and better lead the employees as well as to understand to which degree each leadership style affects a company’s productivity and increases employee efficiency.

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