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Personal development and planning (pdp)

The term ‘personal development’ refers to the conscious undertaking by an individual to raise their self from a seemingly unfavorable current position to a more favorable position in a defined future date/time. ‘Personal development planning’ refers to the process of outlining the course of action to be taken in order to achieve personal development goals. From the ancient times, significant amount of concern has been given to personal development.

From certain books in the Bible such as Proverbs, to self-help groups, humans have shown interest in personal development which has consequently brought about the need of personal development planning. The following research proposal documents the details into a research process that seeks to show the importance and need of personal development planning. RESEARCH Hypothesis Personal development planning (PDP) is the most significant step into achieving personal development goals. Objectives – To show the importance of personal development through documenting the history and achievements of personal development.

– To show the importance of personal development planning by showcasing the successes of such plans. – To give the components of a personal development plan by giving examples of goals in personal development and strategies of achieving the laid-out goals. Literature Review Sources of Literature

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The following literature review is derived from various diverse sources that include ancient literature, religious books, and self-help books. 1) Ancient Literature The various sources of literature review from ancient times include First Things First, written in 2500 B. C.

by unknown authors, Works and Days, by Hesiod, and Mirror-of-Princes Writings by the Stoics. These ancient works on personal development concentrated on enumerating human needs and prioritizing them. They helped ancient societies to focus on the personal improvement of every individual and consequently bringing about the whole societal improvement. 2) Religious Books Certain religious books and texts connote personal development. These books offer advice on personal development, and give guidelines on personal development planning. These religious texts include the books of the Bible such as Proverbs, Songs of Solomon, and Ecclesiastes.

3) Self-Help Books The 19th and 20th centuries witnessed the development of self-help books which focused more on the economic, emotional and social side of the human life. Some of these self-help books include Self-Help (1859) by Samuel Smiles, How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936) by Dale Carnegie, and Think and Grow Rich (1937) by Napoleon Hill. Relevance of Literature Review The relevance of the literature review and its sources to the research topic of personal development planning is to offer a formidable background into the origin and the present of personal development.

This literature review will enable us to understand the consistent meaning and practice of personal development from the ancient times to the present. Summary of Literature Review From the ancient personal development literature, we see that emphasis was given to the psychological development of the human being. At this point people were urged to develop their psyche by engaging in a lot of reading and debates that would enhance an individual’s understanding and wisdom.

Wisdom was a priced gift in those early times. Religious literature reaches out to all the aspects of the human life. The book of Proverbs in the Bible emphasizes on the acquisition of wisdom, the book of Songs of Solomon gives advice on social development, the book of Psalms emphasizes spiritual development and the book of Ecclesiastes emphasizes psychological development of the individual. Religious literature has therefore over the years offered personal development advice on every aspect of the human life.

It has been used over the years and still continues to be a major source of help in personal development for many people. The recent past has witnessed a swing towards self-help literature as a source of personal development advice. Focus in this literature has been more towards economic development. People today have become increasingly conscious about their earning and spending ability. People today seek more personal development in their financial status. This need has resulted to the emergence of ‘how to grow rich’ and ‘how to become a millionaire’ books.

This point in the history of personal development has brought forth a theory that was first propagated by Benjamin Franklin in his book Poor Richard’s Almanac written in the 18th century that ‘God helps them that help themselves’. This theory was later emphasized by Samuel Smiles in Self Help (1859). The history of personal development has seen a shift of attention from the development of societal-based abilities to more personalized and individualistic abilities. The need to develop socializing ability has reduced while the need to become wealthy has significantly increased.

This shift and change in attention can be attributed to capitalism as a form of lifestyle that has taken over the society. The Authors who have to date addressed the issue of personal development have insinuated the collective view that personal development is an conscious personal effort by he who desires to improve himself, and that personal development is that first in societal development. METHODOLOGY Research Methodologies The various methodologies to be used in this research include quantitative methodologies, qualitative methodologies, statistical analysis, action research and personal reflection.

a) Quantitative Methodologies 1) Survey A survey can be carried out to bring out the facts about how the public views personal development planning as a component of personal development.. This survey can be executed with the following specifics: Hypothesis Personal development planning (PDP) is the most significant step into achieving personal development goals. Objectives – To show the importance of personal development through documenting the history and achievements of personal development. – To show the importance of personal development planning by showcasing the successes of such plans.

– To give the components of a personal development plan by giving examples of goals in personal development and strategies of achieving the laid-out goals. 2) Observation Observation can be done and the resultant data collected to seek to interpret and understand the success probability of those engaged in personal development planning and those not engaged in it. Observation can be done on the existing facts and figures and on the behavior of the players in the subject including the personal development trainers, authors and beneficiaries. 3) Questionnaire

A structured questionnaire can be developed to with an aim of bringing out the perception of the various players in the field of personal development with regards to personal development planning. Some of the questions to be asked in the questionnaire are: 1) To a personal development author: to what degree would you say personal development planning affects the whole process of personal development? a) 10% b) 30% c) 60% d) 100% 2) To a personal development trainer: what would you say is the success level of an individual taking personal development planning against one who isn’t taking the planning?

a) Not successful b) Moderately successful c) Successful d) Very successful 3) To a beneficiary of a personal development program: what would you state as the effect of planning on your personal development program? a) Not effective b) Moderately effective c) Effective d) Very effective b) Qualitative Methodologies 1) Interview 2) Interviews should be carried out on a one on one basis with professionals (authors) and other players so as to get varied opinions on the effect of planning to personal development. 3) Participant Observation

Participant observation entails the collecting the views of significant players on the subject, both in personal development and in personal development planning. This method of research gives reliable data from the significant players on the subject. 4) Ethnographic Study This type of data collection entails observation of the particular subject market. This study can be carried out by trained professionals who will give a comprehensive analysis of the subject in question. c) Statistical Analysis Already existing recorded data can be analyzed and a comprehensive document developed to assist in the research process. d) Action Research

All the players in the subject of personal development and personal development planning can be asked to give their detailed accounts while carrying out their daily duties on the subject. e) Personal Reflection The researchers in the study can be asked to give their own thoughts on the subject which will act as the basis of some comprehensive analysis. SAMPLING STRATEGY The sampling strategy comprises the following stages: • Defining the population of concern, this in this case will be authors, trainers and beneficiaries of personal development planning. • Specifying a sampling frame, a set of items or events possible to measure.

In this case, the sample frame will be a single location like a town; the set of items to be measured will be success level of the programs, one from those who used planning and the other from they that did not use training. • Specifying a sampling method for selecting items or events from the frame. In this case, simple random sampling will be the most ideal method due to its ease of execution. • Determining the sample size. In this case will be 60 people; 20 Authors, 20 trainers and 20 beneficiaries. • Implementing the sampling plan by engaging trained professionals on the subject who will administer a reliable sample.

• Sampling and data collecting through the same trained professionals because they will understand the results of the sample better than anybody else. • Reviewing the sampling process by assessing the results from the sample. The proposed time scale for the sample should be a week. This will offer ample time to the researchers to carry out a comprehensive exercise and to reach out to all the intended parties in the research. Within the week of the research, at least half of the targeted numbers in the sample size should have been reached to. This will give a formidable base from which to draw comprehensive conclusions.

Bibliography. APA Dictionary of Psychology, (2007). , Gary R. VandenBos, ed. , Washington: American Psychological Association. Benjamin. F. (2004). An American Life. London: Simon & Schuster. Covey, S. R. , Merrill, A. R. and Merrill, R. (2001). First Things first: to live, to love, to learn, to leave a legacy. New York: Simon and Schuster. Judith, Garrard. (2007). Health Sciences Literature Review Made Easy. New York: Jones & Bartlett. O’Neil, William J. (2003). Business Leaders & Success: 55 Top Business Leaders & How They Achieved Greatness.

London: McGraw-Hill Professional. Paul, T & Josie, Gregory. (2002). Dictionary of Personal Development. London: John Wiley & Sons. P. R. Web. (2006). Self-Improvement Market in U. S. Worth $9. 6 Billion. London: SAGE. Rob. Ward, et Al. (2001). Personal Development Planning: Institutional Case Studies. London: University of Wales Steve, Salerno. (2005). Sham: How the Self-Help Movement Made America Helpless, London: SAGE. Starker, Steven. (2002). Oracle at the Supermarket: The American Preoccupation With Self-Help Books. New York: Transaction Publishers.

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