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POLS 2302 Exam 1 Online

How can a president’s veto be overridden by congress?
By a two thirds vote in both houses
The Kyoto protocol was designed to
Set binding target for greenhouse gas emission to be met by each country.
Public policy can be embodied in all of the following forms except
a petition
What event marked the major historical turning point in the relationship between the government and the marketplace?
Great Depression
Social Security is a good example of
a contributory program
How did the Great Depression change American attitudes about welfare?
It revealed the poverty could be caused by flawed economic system not just by personal irresponsibility.
Which of the following is the best example of a public good?
The interstate highway system
When the price level of goods and services increases over several months, it is called
Inflation
Which of the following groups receives the most benefits from government’s social policies?
The middle class
A senator or representative running for re-election is called the
Incumbent
The process of allocating congressional seats among the fifty states is called
apportionment
The most common occupation among members of Congress before coming to Congress is
lawyer
What was the result of the efforts to reform health care in the United States in 1994?
Health care reform met resistance and no bill was voted on by Congress.
The two presidents to be impeached by the house of Representatives were
Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson
The frequency with which they must seek re-election makes members of the House…
more responsive to the needs of local interest groups in the districts they represent
Which of the following statements about Social Security is false?
Contributors receive benefits in strict proportion to their contribution
The idea that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to achieve their goals is called
equality of opportunity
Which of the following has not been a major goal of the government’s involvement in the economy?
Promoting economic equity and fairness for all citizen
A tax on imported goods is called a
tariff
Which of the following is the best definition of a congressional caucus
unofficial groups of representatives or senators sharing similar interests or opinions
Which of the following social policies is the most costly to the government?
social security
In 2007 and 2008, the government faced a housing crisis caused by
foreclosures
Approximately what percentage of the federal budget is made up of uncontrollable?
60 percent
Which of the following is not a way in which the government promotes business development?
regulations
Pork-barrel legislation
Deal with specific project within a particular of location of their congressional district
Who is the speaker of the house the?
The majority leader
Which statement is the key argument of John Maynard Keynes?
Government can pull an economy out of a recession by stimulating demand and creating a cycle of increased production and jobs
Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
a) from the mid 1920s to the mid 1960s, Americans went to college in record numbers
b) much research indicated higher levels of liberalism are associated with higher levels of education
c) higher levels of conservatism were more prominent among those from more prestigious colleges
d) increased schooling has been associated with increased voting
e) increased schooling has been associated with increased political activity

C

Congress adjourns during a ten-day period after presenting the president with a bill, and the president takes no action; this is known as a
pocket veto
The goals of social policy
reflect changing views about which risks should be borne by the individual or shared by society
Oversight can best be described as
the efforts of congress to supervise the manner in which its laws are implemented by the executive branch
Who has the most real power in the Senate?
the majority and minority leaders
The ______ is determined by the amount government spending exceeds government revenue in a fiscal year
budget deficit
One reason why redistricting is controversial is that
computer technologies allow legislatures to know statistically what kinds of people live where and this can be used to give one party an advantage over the other.
The need to divide the labor of legislation is best exemplified in what formal structure of Congress?
The establishment of standing committees
A filibuster allows members of the Senate to
prevent a vote on a bill by speaking continuously on the floor
What was the primary problem with private charities before the development of the welfare state
they would make subjective decisions on who was deserving or undeserving of aid
Conference committees are
temporary, involve members from both houses of Congress, and are charged with reaching a compromise on legislation once it has been passed by both the House and the Senate
A bicameral legislature is one that has
two chambers or houses
During the 1960s, Ralph Nader was influential as
a consumer advocate
How does an entitlement differ from a right?
Unlike an entitlement, a right cannot be taken away by an act of congress
Which of the following is the best definition of a constituent?
It is a person who lives in the district represented by a member of the legislature
What is the most significant force determining the distribution of opportunities in the United States?
education
Which of the following best describes a way in which the House differs from the Senate?
the House is more centralized and organized than the Senate
Which of the following is the best description of the changing expectations of government’s role in the economy since the 1930s?
people hold the government responsible for a healthy economy
. _____ is the current chair of the Federal Reserve Board, appointed by George W. Bush in 2005.
Ben Bernanke
In general, members of the House seek committee assignments that will
a. bring them the largest number of campaign donations.
b. give them greater media exposure.
c. allow them to influence decisions which are of special importance to voters in their districts.
d. allow them more personal contact with the president.
e. allow them to avoid issues that are important and controversial to voters in their districts.

c

Approximately what percentage of proposed bills die in committee?
95 percent
A cost-of-living adjustment is based on what?
the rate of inflation
Atronage
The powers and resources available to government officials that are used to favor supporters are called

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