List the criteria for implementing transportation procedure:
Continuous aggression, continuous self-injury, continuous high magnitude disruptions
Name the four primary strategies and interventions in PCM
Crisis prevention strategies, crisis de-escalation strategies, crisis intervention procedures, post-crisis strategies
What does PCMA stand for?
Professional Crisis Management Association
When implementing the BARR procedure, how should the Practitioner position the palms of the individual?
Prone- palms facing up
Supine- palms should be down
When are transportation procedures not appropriate to use?
When behaviors aren’t continuous or are at a low intensity
What is the process of systematically using less restrictive transportation procedures called?
What should be done when someone is cooperating and laying still on the mat?
authorized to use all nonphysical interventions, personal safety, and transportation procedures
What are the four guiding principles of the PCM system?
Respect for human dignity and freedom from pain, freedom of choice, least restrictive alternative, continuous feedback
What do the letters in BARR stand for?
Brief Assisted Required Relaxation
What are the criteria for HORIZONTAL immobilization?
Imminent breakdown of transportation or breakdown of transportation, availability of safety equipment, and all participants implementing the procedures are certified level 2 practitioners or certified teachers
What equipment is necessary for implementing HORIZONTAL immobilization?
a soft mat
Certified Practitioner 2 PS
authorized to use all nonphysical interventions, personal safety, transportation procedures, vertical immobilization, prone immobilization, and supine immobilization
What does the peeling technique involve?
Using the thumbs and hands to push, pull, or gently remove whatever hand or foot is being used to hold onto the person or object
Definition of scanning
brief observation of a treatment group or classroom every 20 seconds
Definition of tracking
observation of one person every 20 seconds
What are the four types of praise?
Quiet, Individual, Group, Pivot
Certified Practitioner 1
authorized to use all nonphysical interventions, personal safety, transportation procedures, and vertical immobilizations
Why does PCM place an emphasis on prevention strategies?
Pre-crisis and crisis is minimized, and more intensive procedures are therefor unnecessary
At what stage of the crisis continuum do you use prevention strategies?
Level 1/ Stable Functioning
What are survival skills?
Pre-requisite behaviors necessary for performance of a variety of more complex, adaptive skills
How do you re-introduce social praise and positive reinforcement post-crisis?
What is shaping?
Repeated reinforcements of small improvements or steps toward a new or different behavior
Definition of Crisis?
CASH: Continuous aggression, continuous self-injury, continuous high magnitude disruption
“Great job, Bob!” is an example of what type of praise?
What is quiet praise?
not speaking to someone, but physically acknowledging their good work, like a pat on the back, a nod, or a smile
What is pivot praise?
Complimenting another person to show an individual how they should be acting (make them want to get a compliment)
What is group praise/callout?
telling a group how great they’ve done
What are certified PCM practitioners able to do?
use PCM strategies and procedures
What are the steps for being re-certified?
Complete a seven hour re-cert course before the certification expires
List the steps in a one person transportation procedure, going from most to least restrictive
1. One arm wrap
2. Sunday Stroll
3. Wrist to tricep
5. Independent Walk
What is the most intrusive two-person transportation procedure for children?
Double Wrist to Tricep
What does “pressing transportation” mean?
using a procedure slightly passed the comfortable level of the practitioner
How do you react when encountering verbal assault?
As a certified practitioner of PCM, what are you able to do?
Implement PCM procedures only
Why are setting characteristics and behavior important?
simple manipulations in setting characteristics can lead to stable behaviors or dramatic reduction in crisis
What is the most intrusive two-person transportation procedure for an adult?
Double Sunday Stroll
What is continuous aggression?
Repeated demonstration of behaviors that are potentially injurious to others (ex: continuous hitting, kicking, head butting, or any use of the body or an object
Define transportation breakdown
nearly escaping, injury him/herself, or injury to the transporting staff
What should be used alongside PCM?
Regular treatment programming
What should be done when safety equipment is not available and you need to horizontally immobilize an individual?
Press transportation, let go, move back, monitor
What are the 3 setting characteristics that can be used to assist in shaping behavior?
Person, Place, Proximity
As transportation becomes more stable, does safety increase or decrease for the individual and staff transporting the individual?
Two person transportation most to least restrictive
Double Sunday Stroll, Wrist to Tricep, Back, Independent Walk
If you are a Certified Practitioner 2 P, what can you do?
authorized to use all nonphysical interventions, personal safety, transportation procedures, vertical immobilizations, and prone immobilizations
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