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Psych 243 Exam 2

Efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the demands caused by stress in one’s life are collectively known as:
The need for ___ may explain why reserch indicates people’s coping strategies are moderately stable across varied situations.
Which of the following is the most accurate reflection of the research findings regarding catharsis?
Behaving in an aggressive manner tends to fuel more anger and aggression.
What is NOT a category of negative self-talk described by Beck?
Unfairly blaming one’s parents for personal trouble
Albert Ellis believes that problematic emotional reactions to stress are caused by:
Catastrophic thinking
What is NOT a type of constructive coping?
What is NOT a main component of Ellis’s model of catastrophic thinking?
Unconditioned response
According to Albert Ellis, the goal of therapy is to replace catastrophic thinking with more low-key, ___ analysis.
Efforts to remedy or conquer the stress-producing problem itself are called ____-focused coping.
What is NOT a step in systematic problem-solving?
Try several different alternatives simultaneously
What is a good example of a clearly identified problem?
“I need to get a job”
______ is a strategy for generating as many alternative courses of action as possible which withholding criticism and evaluation.
Time management experts agree that the key to better time management is increased:
What is NOT an essential component of emotional intelligence?
Separating emotion from thought
Research suggests that efforts to actively suppress emotions result in:
Increased autonomic arousal
There is a substantial evidence that _____ is related to increased risk for heart attacks and other ailments.
Research suggests that forgiving is an effective ______-focused coping strategy.
Ted wishes to follow Benson’s relaxation response guidelines. What should he not do?
Play soothing music
Before the 20th century, the principal threats to health in our society were:
Contagious diseases
_____ play a larger role in chronic diseases than contagious diseases.
Lifestyles and stress
What is NOT considered a chronic disease?
_______ psychology is the area concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health.
_____ is the gradual narrowing of the coronary arteries.
Hank continually loses his temper when waiting in lines. He has very little patience for other people and is driven to be highly successful. Hank’s personality is called:
Type A
What characteristic is closely associated with Type B personality?
Depression _____ one’s chance of developing heart disease.
_____ refers to a malignant cell growth, which may occur in many organ systems in the body.
Which of the following has been found to impair immune functioning in animals?
Shock, restraint, and crowding
Studies of the immune system in humans have found that stress:
Is related to decreased levels of immune activity
People have a tendency to _____ the risk of their own health-impairing habits, and _____ the risks associated with others’ self-destructive behaviors.
Underestimate; accurately view
College aged smoking has increased from 20% to 30% of students.
Nutrition is defined as a collection of processes through which an organism utilizes the materials required for survival and growth.
While women most often initiate riskky sexual bahavior, they rely on men to take care of the contraception.
One of the contraception barrier methods discussed was sterilization.
Smokers that want to quit but never will worry abotu cravings and weight gain.
One of the chief factors contributing to obesity is genetic predisposition.
One benefit of exercising is that it can decrease the risk of colon and breast cancer.
For a healthy heart, it was recommended that you decrease fats and fibers in your diet.
Some hints that were given to devise your own exercise plan included doing activities you find enjoyable as well as reinforcing your efforts.
The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is associated with certain types of cancer, including cervical cancer.
The United States has seen a recent surge in HIV infections from heterosexual transmission.
Recommendations for a healthy diet included limiting salt intake to under 3400 mg and implementing at least 60 minutes of aerobic exercise per day.
Restrained eating is sporadic dieting and the removal of certain foods from your diet to avoid weight gain.
Statistics from the Harvard School of Public Health revealed that students spend more money on alcohol than on books.
Drunk driving is a major cause of accidents and death for college students.

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