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Quiz 1 (Chapters 1,2,3)

Nozick’s libertarian theory proposes
libertarians endorse utilitarianism’s concern for total social well-being. Maybe?
NOT:if a person comes into possession of a holding through a legitimate transfer, then, morally speaking, she or he deserves that holding.
Imagine a shopkeeper who is honest because being honest is good for business. When the shopkeeper refrains from cheating a customer, Kant would say this action
NOT:was wrong because its motive was impure.
Maybe:shows that he was following the categorical imperative.
Which of the following considerations about utilitarism is correct?
NOT: Act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism consistently agree upon which actions are morally right.
Maybe: Bentham was concerned with the quantity of pleasure that an action produces, not with distinctions based on the type of the pleasure.
Manufacturing companies that do little or no manufacturing are called:
Hollow Corporations
Our relationship with the law is best described by which of the following?
To a significant extent, law codifies a society’s customs, norms, and moral values.
(Legality should not be confused with morality. Breaking the law isn’t always or necessarily immoral, and the legality of an action doesn’t guarantee its morality)
A tangible truth about having moral principles is:
if you do the right thing only because you think it will pay off, you’re not really motivated by moral concerns.
Utilitarianism in its most basic version, which states we must ask ourselves what the consequences of a particular act in a particular situation will be for all those affected is:
Act Utilitarianism
Kant’s Categorical Imperative says that:
we should always act in such a way that we can will the maxim of our action to be a universal law
Which of the following characteristics distinguishes moral standards from other sorts of standards?
moral standards take priority over other standards, including self-interest
1. Talk of justice and injustice typically focuses on:
fairness, equality, desert, and rights.
4. The view of ignorance demands people in the original position to be:
impartial
3. According to John Rawls, people in the original position choose the principles of justice solely on the basis of:
self-interest.
2. According to libertarianism,
people should not attempt to coerce others.
1. One of the four key features of capitalism is:
private property
2. Capitalism operates on the debatable assumption that human beings find increased well-being through:
Critics charge that capitalism reinforces materialism and offers no higher sense of human purpose.
3. One reason for believing that in practice capitalism fails to live up to its own ideal of competition is:
government subsidies and protective tariffs.
4. According to one survey of cultural values:
According to an international survey about what matters to people in different cultures, Americans place work eighth in importance behind values such as their children’s education and a satisfactory love life. In Japan, by contrast, work ranks second only to good health.
1. A common point of contention about corporations is:
philosophers and business theorists disagree whether corporations are moral agents.
2. Those with a broader view concerning business obligations believe that with power comes:
social responsibility.
3. When no particular person in a corporation can be held responsible for the actions of the corporation, this is referred to as:
diffusion of responsibility
4. In the case of Citizens United v. Federal Election, the Supreme Court held that corporations:
have a right to participate in the political process
5. The best statement to describe corporations is:
corporate culture can be both explicit and implicit

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